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Assessment Of The Effects Of Wood Processing Industries In Selected Parts Of Delta State, Nigeria, On The Soils And Vegetation In Their Vicinities

A. Stephen
Published 2013 · Materials Science

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Soil and vegetation samples collected from the vicinities of wood processing industries from selected parts of Delta State, Nigeria were analyzed for their metal levels and physicochemical properties inorder to assess the impact of the industries on the surrounding environment. The pH values ranged from 4.9 to 6.0 indicating that the soils were acidic. The electrical conductivity values ranged from 54.80 to 75.90uScm which is suggestive of significant concentration of soluble inorganic salts. The total organic carbon and total nitrogen ranging from 0.25 to 0.45% and from 0.11 to 0.69% respectively showed some presence of degradable and compostable materials as well as organic matters in the soils. The cation exchange capacity which ranged from 1.23 to 3.95cmolkg -1 indicated the low capacity of the soils to adsorb metals. The mean levels of the heavy metals in the soils ranged from 12.69 to 272 mgkg -1 with abundance trend of Fe > Mn > Cu > Zn > As > Cr > Pb > Cd while those of the vegetation ranged from 4.17 to 47.10mgkg -1 with abundance trend of Fe > Mn > Zn > Cu > Cr > Pb > As. The metal levels in both the soil and vegetation samples in all the sites were significantly higher than the levels obtained in the control site which is suggestive of significant contribution of the industries to these elevated levels. The contamination/pollution index values of the metals in the soil samples showed generally contamination levels for all the metals except copper which showed moderate pollution. The soil plant transfer values indicate medium, accumulation for all the metals. Although the overall results showed evidence of contamination of the soils by heavy metals, the present levels do not pose any environmental risk or health hazard.
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