How to cite a Personal Communication in Spine

Use this template to cite a Personal Communication in the Spine citation style.


We also have guide for books, journal articles, papers, websits, YouTube videos, songs, podcast episodes, URLs, and other types of media.

Citation Guide: Personal Communication in Spine
Reference a Personal Communication in Spine

How do you cite a Personal Communication in the Spine referencing style?

Here’s an example Personal Communication citation in Spine using placeholders.
Template:
1.
Authorlastname A. Title.
So if we want to cite, for example, an email message sent by Elisabeth Smith to John Doe we’d do so like this:

Spine Personal Communication citation:
1.
Elisabeth S. Email message to author.
Citing websites and links in Spine is much easier with the Citationsy Chrome Extension And an in-text citation Personal Communication reference in Spine looks like this:
1

Frequently Asked Questions — Spine Personal Communication Referencing

How do I cite a Personal Communication in Spine?

You can very easily reference a Personal Communication in the “Spine” referencing style by using the guide above as your guideline.

Is there a way to automatically cite a Personal Communication?

Yes — Use a Spine reference generator, like Citationsy for example.

How do you reference a Personal Communication in Spine?

The Spine reference for a Personal Communication is done by several different rules — please see the example on this page.

How do you in-text reference a Personal Communication in Spine?

An in-text reference for a Personal Communication in Spine is done like this:
1
Spine Citation Guides and Spine templates with examples


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