How to cite a Website in Spine

Use this template to cite a Website in the Spine citation style.

We also have guide for books, journal articles, papers, websits, YouTube videos, songs, podcast episodes, URLs, and other types of media.

Citation Guide: Website in Spine
Reference a Website in Spine

How do you cite a Website in the Spine referencing style?

Here’s an example Website citation in Spine using placeholders.
Author1 LastnameAF, Author2 LastnameAF. Title. Available at 2000, Accessed September 21, 2021.
So if we want to cite, for example, this link
on The Guardian website we’d do so like this:

Spine website citation:
Tran M. Barack Obama To Be America’s First Black President. Available at 2008, Accessed September 21, 2021.
Citing websites and links in Spine is much easier with the Citationsy Chrome Extension And an in-text citation website reference in Spine looks like this:

Frequently Asked Questions — Spine Website Referencing

How do I cite a Website in Spine?

You can very easily reference a Website in the “Spine” referencing style by using the guide above as your guideline.

Is there a way to automatically cite a Website?

Yes — Use a Spine reference generator, like Citationsy for example.

How do you reference a Website in Spine?

The Spine reference for a Website is done by several different rules — please see the example on this page.

How do you in-text reference a Website in Spine?

An in-text reference for a Website in Spine is done like this:
Spine Citation Guides and Spine templates with examples

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