Artificial DNA: PNA & XNA Referencing Guide
(updated May 2022)


Last updated:
How to do citations in Artificial DNA: PNA & XNA style?

This is the Citationsy guide to Artificial DNA: PNA & XNA citations, reference lists, in-text citations, and bibliographies.
The complete, comprehensive guide shows you how easy citing any source can be. Referencing books, youtube videos, websites, articles, journals, podcasts, images, videos, or music in Artificial DNA: PNA & XNA.

cite Artificial DNA: PNA & XNA  — Referencing Guide



How do you cite a book in the Artificial DNA: PNA & XNA referencing style? (2022 Guide)

A book citation in Artificial DNA: PNA & XNA always includes the author name(s), the publication year, the book title, and the publisher. Here’s an example

Here’s an example book citation in Artificial DNA: PNA & XNA using placeholders:
1.
Last Name FN. Title. Edition. City: Publisher; 2000.
So if we want to cite, for example, “I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings” by Maya Angelou we’d do so like this:
Artificial DNA: PNA & XNA citation:
1.
Angelou M. I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings. 1st ed. New York: Random House; 1969.
And an in-text citation book citation in Artificial DNA: PNA & XNA looks like this: 1

How to reference a journal article in the Artificial DNA: PNA & XNA citation style?

How do you cite scientific papers in Artificial DNA: PNA & XNA format?

Use the following template to cite a journal article using the Artificial DNA: PNA & XNA citation format.

Here’s a Artificial DNA: PNA & XNA journal citation example using placeholders:
1.
Author1 LastnameAF, Author3 LastnameAF. Title. Container [Internet] 2000 [cited 2022 May 26]; Volume:pages Used. Available from: URL
So if we want to reference this scientific article: “Testing consumer preferences for iced-coffee: Does the drinking environment have any influence?” by C. Petit and J.M. Sieffermann in Artificial DNA: PNA & XNA:
1.
Petit C, Sieffermann J. Testing consumer preferences for iced-coffee: Does the drinking environment have any influence?. [Internet] 2007 [cited 2022 May 26]; 18:161-72. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodqual.2006.05.008
And an in-text citation would look like this: 1

How to cite a website in a paper in Artificial DNA: PNA & XNA style?

The basics of a reference list entry for a web page or web document in Artificial DNA: PNA & XNA is straight forward. Here’s how

Here’s an Artificial DNA: PNA & XNA example website reference:
1.
Author1 LastnameAF, Author2 LastnameAF. Title [Internet]. 2000 [cited 2022 May 26]; Available from: https://www.example.com
To reference the article located at this link:
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2008/nov/05/uselections20083
on The Guardian website:
1.
Tran M. Barack Obama To Be America’s First Black President [Internet]. 2008 [cited 2022 May 26]; Available from: https://www.theguardian.com/world/2008/nov/05/uselections20083
And an in-text citation would look like this: 1

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How to cite a YouTube video Artificial DNA: PNA & XNA in 2022

While you might first think of books, journal articles, and news websites as go-to sources for academic work, YouTube also provides a wealth of quality information. Here’s how to cite it in Artificial DNA: PNA & XNA

Here’s a Artificial DNA: PNA & XNA citation YouTube video example:
1.
ChannelName. Title [Internet]. YouTube2000 [cited 2022 May 26]; Available from: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XXXXXX
So how to cite a video Artificial DNA: PNA & XNA?
1.
Pixar. Pizza Clip — Inside Out [Internet]. YouTube2015 [cited 2022 May 26]; Available from: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8W6rntBADUQ
And an in-text video citation would look like this: 1

How to cite a podcast using Artificial DNA: PNA & XNA referencing style

Are you listening to a podcast and you want to use it in your essay or presentation? Here’s how to cite it in Artificial DNA: PNA & XNA

It is becoming more and more common to reference podcasts in essays or other school work.
Here’s how to reference a podcast it in Artificial DNA: PNA & XNA.
1.
Lastname F. Title [Internet]. 2000 [cited 2022 May 26]; Available from: http://www.example.com
Podcast referencing example in Artificial DNA: PNA & XNA using “This American Life” episode 640:
1.
This American Life. 640: Five Women [Internet]. 2018 [cited 2022 May 26]; Available from: https://thisamericanlife.org/640/five-women
And an in-text citation would look like this: 1

How to cite a piece of music or a song using Artificial DNA: PNA & XNA referencing style?

Citing a song or album accessed through an online streaming service in Artificial DNA: PNA & XNA is pretty straight forward, this is all you need:

An example song citation in Artificial DNA: PNA & XNA.
1.
Lastname F. Song Title [Internet]. 2000 [cited 2022 May 26]. Available from: http://www.example.com
Let‘s say we want to reference “Here Comes the Sun” off The Beatles “Abbey Road” album in Artificial DNA: PNA & XNA:
1.
The Beatles. Here Comes the Sun [Internet]. 1969 [cited 2022 May 26]. Available from: https://itunes.apple.com/us/album/here-comes-the-sun/401186200?i=401187150
And an in-text citation would look like this: 1


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