PM&R Referencing Guide
(updated Jul 2022)


Last updated:
How to do citations in PM&R style?

This is the Citationsy guide to PM&R citations, reference lists, in-text citations, and bibliographies.
The complete, comprehensive guide shows you how easy citing any source can be. Referencing books, youtube videos, websites, articles, journals, podcasts, images, videos, or music in PM&R.

cite PM&R  — Referencing Guide



How do you cite a book in the PM&R referencing style? (2022 Guide)

A book citation in PM&R always includes the author name(s), the publication year, the book title, and the publisher. Here’s an example

Here’s an example book citation in PM&R using placeholders:
[1]
Last Name FN. Title. Edition. City: Publisher; 2000.
So if we want to cite, for example, “I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings” by Maya Angelou we’d do so like this:
PM&R citation:
[1]
Angelou M. I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings. 1st ed. New York: Random House; 1969.
And an in-text citation book citation in PM&R looks like this: [1]

How to reference a journal article in the PM&R citation style?

How do you cite scientific papers in PM&R format?

A journal is a scholarly article that presents research from experts in a certain field. Here’s how to cite a paper in PM&R

Here’s a PM&R journal citation example using placeholders:
[1]
Author1 LastnameAF, Author3 LastnameAF. Title. Container 2000;Volume:pages Used. https://doi.org/DOI.
So if we want to reference this scientific article: “Testing consumer preferences for iced-coffee: Does the drinking environment have any influence?” by C. Petit and J.M. Sieffermann in PM&R:
[1]
Petit C, Sieffermann J. Testing consumer preferences for iced-coffee: Does the drinking environment have any influence? 2007;18:161-72. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodqual.2006.05.008.
And an in-text citation would look like this: [1]

How to cite a website in a paper in PM&R style?

The most basic entry for a website consists of the author name(s), webpage title, website title, institution/publisher, publication date, and DOI or URL. Here’s how to cite it properly in PM&R

Here’s an PM&R example website reference:
[1]
Author1 LastnameAF, Author2 LastnameAF. Title 2000. https://www.example.com (accessed July 6, 2022).
To reference the article located at this link:
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2008/nov/05/uselections20083
on The Guardian website:
[1]
Tran M. Barack Obama To Be America’s First Black President 2008. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2008/nov/05/uselections20083 (accessed July 6, 2022).
And an in-text citation would look like this: [1]

Citing websites and links in PM&R is much easier with the Citationsy Chrome Extension →

How to cite a YouTube video PM&R in 2022

Have you discovered something while watching a Youtube channel or video and would like to know how to reference it in PM&R? Here’s how

Here’s a PM&R citation YouTube video example:
[1]
ChannelName. Title. YouTube 2000. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XXXXXX (accessed July 6, 2022).
So how to cite a video PM&R?
[1]
Pixar. Pizza Clip — Inside Out. YouTube 2015. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8W6rntBADUQ (accessed July 6, 2022).
And an in-text video citation would look like this: [1]

How to cite a podcast using PM&R referencing style

To cite a podcast episode in PM&R, all you need to do is the following

It is becoming more and more common to reference podcasts in essays or other school work.
Here’s how to reference a podcast it in PM&R.
[1]
Lastname F. Title 2000.
Podcast referencing example in PM&R using “This American Life” episode 640:
[1]
This American Life. 640: Five Women 2018.
And an in-text citation would look like this: [1]

How to cite a piece of music or a song using PM&R referencing style?

Although citing a song might seem uncommon, there’s no need to worry. We’ve got you covered for both audio recordings and written song lyrics, here’s how to cite in PM&R

An example song citation in PM&R.
[1]
Lastname F. Song Title. 2000.
Let‘s say we want to reference “Here Comes the Sun” off The Beatles “Abbey Road” album in PM&R:
[1]
The Beatles. Here Comes the Sun. 1969.
And an in-text citation would look like this: [1]


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