Synthese Referencing Guide
(updated Jun 2022)


Last updated:
How to do citations in Synthese style?

This is the Citationsy guide to Synthese citations, reference lists, in-text citations, and bibliographies.
The complete, comprehensive guide shows you how easy citing any source can be. Referencing books, youtube videos, websites, articles, journals, podcasts, images, videos, or music in Synthese.

cite Synthese  — Referencing Guide



How do you cite a book in the Synthese referencing style? (2022 Guide)

One of the most cited mediums is of course books. Here’s how to cite a book in Synthese

Here’s an example book citation in Synthese using placeholders:
Last Name, F. N. (2000). Title. (E. F. N. Editor Last Name, Ed.) (Edition.). City: Publisher.
So if we want to cite, for example, “I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings” by Maya Angelou we’d do so like this:
Synthese citation:
Angelou, M. (1969). I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings (1st ed.). New York: Random House.
And an in-text citation book citation in Synthese looks like this: (Angelou 1969)

How to reference a journal article in the Synthese citation style?

How do you cite scientific papers in Synthese format?

The basic information included in your citation will be the same across all styles. However, the format in which that information is presented is somewhat different depending on style you need. To cite a paper in Synthese, follow this example

Here’s a Synthese journal citation example using placeholders:
Author1 LastnameA. F., & Author3 LastnameA. F. (2000). Title. Container, Volume(Issue), pages Used. https://doi.org/DOI
So if we want to reference this scientific article: “Testing consumer preferences for iced-coffee: Does the drinking environment have any influence?” by C. Petit and J.M. Sieffermann in Synthese:
Petit, C., & Sieffermann, J. (2007). Testing consumer preferences for iced-coffee: Does the drinking environment have any influence?, 18(1), 161-172. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodqual.2006.05.008
And an in-text citation would look like this: (Petit and Sieffermann 2007)

How to cite a website in a paper in Synthese style?

When listing Internet sources in your References or Works Cited, the most important thing to remember is that your goal is to make it easy for a reader to check and consult your sources. Here’s how to cite a website in Synthese

Here’s an Synthese example website reference:
Author1 LastnameA. F., & Author2 LastnameA. F. (2000, January 1). Title. Publisher. https://www.example.com. Accessed 26 June 2022
To reference the article located at this link:
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2008/nov/05/uselections20083
on The Guardian website:
Tran, M. (2008, November 5). Barack Obama To Be America’s First Black President. The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2008/nov/05/uselections20083. Accessed 26 June 2022
And an in-text citation would look like this: (Tran 2008)

Citing websites and links in Synthese is much easier with the Citationsy Chrome Extension →

How to cite a YouTube video Synthese in 2022

To cite a YouTube video, channel, or comment according to Synthese, all you need it the following

Here’s a Synthese citation YouTube video example:
ChannelName. (2000, January 1). Title. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XXXXXX. Accessed 26 June 2022
So how to cite a video Synthese?
Pixar. (2015, June 3). Pizza Clip — Inside Out. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8W6rntBADUQ. Accessed 26 June 2022
And an in-text video citation would look like this: (Pixar 2015)

How to cite a podcast using Synthese referencing style

To cite a podcast episode in Synthese, all you need to do is the following

It is becoming more and more common to reference podcasts in essays or other school work.
Here’s how to reference a podcast it in Synthese.
Lastname, F. (2000, January 1). Title. Publisher. http://www.example.com. Accessed 26 June 2022
Podcast referencing example in Synthese using “This American Life” episode 640:
This American Life. (2018, March 2). 640: Five Women. WBEZ Radio. https://thisamericanlife.org/640/five-women. Accessed 26 June 2022
And an in-text citation would look like this: (This American Life 2018)

How to cite a piece of music or a song using Synthese referencing style?

Have you ever cited a movie before? You will see that citing a song is a pretty similar process. Here’s how to do it in Synthese

An example song citation in Synthese.
Lastname, F. (2000). Song Title. Album. http://www.example.com. Accessed 26 June 2022
Let‘s say we want to reference “Here Comes the Sun” off The Beatles “Abbey Road” album in Synthese:
The Beatles. (1969). Here Comes the Sun. Abbey Road. https://itunes.apple.com/us/album/here-comes-the-sun/401186200?i=401187150. Accessed 26 June 2022
And an in-text citation would look like this: (The Beatles 1969)


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