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Closed-chest Cardiac Massage.
W. B. Kouwenhoven, J. Jude, G. Knickerbocker
Published 1960 · Medicine
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Cardiac resuscitation after cardiac arrest or ventricular fibrillation has been limited by the need for open thoracotomy and direct cardiac massage. As a result of exhaustive animal experimentation a method of external transthoracic cardiac massage has been developed. Immediate resuscitative measures can now be initiated to give not only mouth-to-nose artificial respiration but also adequate cardiac massage without thoracotomy. The use of this technique on 20 patients has given an over-all permanent survival rate of 70%. Anyone, anywhere, can now initiate cardiac resuscitative procedures. All that is needed are two hands.
This paper references
PHYSIOLOGICAL INVESTIGATION OF THE ROCKING METHOD OF ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION
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Etude exp \ l = e ' \ rimentale des effets circulatoires qu ' entrainent la respiration artificielle et la compression saccad \ l = e ' \ edu thorax chez le chien Compt
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Cardiac arrest: massage without incision.
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CLOSED CHEST DEFIBRILLATION
W. B. Kouwenhoven (1958)
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