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Covalent Versus Dative Bonds To Main Group Metals, A Useful Distinction

A. Haaland
Published 1989 · Chemistry

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Textbooks of inorganic chemistry describe the formation of adducts by coordination of an electron donor to an electron acceptor, often using the amine-boranes, X3N → BY3, as examples. In the Lewis (electron dot) formulas of the compounds, the dative bond in H3N → BH3 and the covalent bond in H3CCH3 are both represented by a shared electron pair. In the simple molecular orbital or valence bond models the wave functions of both electron pairs would be constructed in the same manner from the appropriate sp3 type atomic orbitals on the bonded atoms; the difference between the covalent and the dative bond becomes apparent only after the orbital coefficients have been analyzed. This may be the reason why many structural chemists seem reluctant to distinguish between the two types of bonds. The object of this article is to remind the reader that the physiocochemical properties of covalent and dative bonds may be – and often are – quite different, and to show that a distinction between the two provides a basis for understanding the structures of a wide range of main group metal compounds.
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Tris(2-mercaptoimidazolyl)hydroborato Cadmium Thiolate Complexes, [TmBut]CdSAr: Thiolate Exchange at Cadmium in a Sulfur-Rich Coordination Environment
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Neuartige Bis(guanidin)e auf Ferrocenbasis
U. Siemeling (2013)
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AMINOALANE DIMERS AND TRIMERS. AN EXAMINATION OF STRUCTURAL AND STERIC TRENDS
Steven J. Schauer (1993)
10.1016/S0010-8545(97)90063-1
Supramolecular associations, secondary bonds, quasi-cyclic structures and heterogeometrism in metal derivatives of phosphorus- and arsenic-based thioacids and oxo analogs
I. Haiduc (1997)
10.1016/S0010-8545(00)00401-X
The chemistry of Group 13/15 compounds (III–V compounds) with the higher homologues of Group 15, Sb and Bi
S. Schulz (2001)
10.1016/B0-08-045047-4/00001-7
1.01 – Classification of Organotransition Metal Compounds
G. Parkin (2007)
10.1021/ci200612f
Biophysical Limits of Protein-Ligand Binding
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10.1016/BS.ADIOCH.2018.11.005
Novel aspects of element-element bonds in main group chemistry
Christina Poggel (2019)
10.1021/ic201809g
Heterogeneous dehydrocoupling of amine-borane adducts by skeletal nickel catalysts.
A. P. Robertson (2011)
10.1002/anie.201101320
A dimer of silaisonitrile with two-coordinate silicon atoms.
Rajendra S Ghadwal (2011)
10.1002/chem.201605209
Revealing Germylene Compounds to Attain Superbasicity with Sigma Donor Substituents: A Density Functional Theory Study.
A. K. Biswas (2017)
10.1002/anie.201301363
Silicon(II) coordination chemistry: N-heterocyclic carbene complexes of Si2+ and SiI+.
A. C. Filippou (2013)
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