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Perisynaptic Satellite Cells In Human External Intercostal Muscle: A Quantitative And Qualitative Study

J. Wokke, C. J. Van den Oord, G. J. Leppink, F. Jennekens
Published 1989 · Biology, Medicine

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It is not known whether or not satellite cell nuclei are more common in the vicinity of motor endplates than in extrasynaptic regions of human muscle, as in animals. If so, perisynaptic satellite cells may have a role in preserving neuromuscular function. We compared the frequencies of satellite cell nuclei and of myonuclei in perisynaptic and extrasynaptic regions of human external intercostal muscle, and found an absolute as well as a relative increase of perisynaptic satellite cells. The mean frequency of satellite cell nuclei per sarcomere was 0.016 in perisynaptic and 0.00003 in extrasynaptic regions. The mean frequency of myonuclei per sarcomere was 0.098 in perisynaptic and 0.014 in extrasynaptic regions. We could not demonstrate any influence of aging on satellite cell distribution. Perisynaptic satellite cells had many processes, and some features suggested a more active state. These cells might add to the pool of junctional myonuclei for synthesis of acetylcholine‐receptor molecules or help in the repair of the postsynaptic membrane. Alternatively, they may synthesize basal lamina substances that are specific for the endplate.
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