Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.
← Back to Search

Afferent And Efferent Components Of The Hypoglossal Nerve In The Grass Frog, Rana Pipiens

S. Stuesse, W. Cruce, K. Powell
Published 1983 · Biology, Medicine

Save to my Library
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Share
In amphibians, the spinomedullary region of the central nervous system is compressed rostrocaudally because of the absence of a neck. In Ranid frogs, the hypoglossal nerve emerges as the ventral ramus of the second spinal nerve. The first spinal nerve, though present in tadpoles, is absent as a separate nerve in adults. To investigate the central nervous system components of the hypoglossal nerve in Rana pipiens, we soaked identified, transected branches of this nerve in horseradish peroxidase, a retrograde and antercgrade tracer. We found that the hypoglossal nerve in these frogs originates from two efferent nuclei located in the caudal medulla, a medial and a lateral one. Afferent fibers, primarily from the tongue, are also found in the hypoglossal nerve and travel in the dorsolateral funiculus of the spinal cord, descending to thoracic levels of the cord. Efferents to intrinsic tongue muscles and the genioglossus muscle originate in the medial medullary nucleus. Efferents to the sternohyoid muscle, which travel through the hypoglossal nerve, originate in the lateral medullary nucleus. Since in mammals the sternohyoid muscle is innervated by the first spinal nerve, we have obtained experimental evidence that the hypoglossal nerve in Rana pipiens contains components of this spinal nerve.
This paper references



This paper is referenced by
10.1007/BF01350070
Tongue-muscle-controlling motoneurons in the Japanese toad: topography, morphology and neuronal pathways from the ‘snapping-evoking area’ in the optic tectum
M. Satou (2005)
Mechanisms of tongue protraction and narial closure in the marine toad Bufo marinus.
K. Nishikawa (1996)
10.1007/978-3-642-77938-1
The Efferent System of Cranial Nerve Nuclei: A Comparative Neuromorphological Study
Prof. Dr. George Székely (1993)
10.1002/JMOR.1052260207
Distribution of cranial and rostral spinal nerves in tadpoles of the frog discoglossus pictus (Discoglossidae)
Gerhard Scholsser (1995)
10.1016/j.brainresbull.2015.09.012
Possible neural network mediating jaw opening during prey-catching behavior of the frog
Gabriella Kovalecz (2015)
10.2330/JORALBIOSCI1965.31.745
Effects of mechanical stimulation of the tongue and electrical stimulation of the glossopharyngeal nerve on the activity of the infrahyoid muscles in the bullfrog, Rana catesbeiana.
K. Shiozawa (1989)
10.1002/(SICI)1096-9861(19970616)382:4<499::AID-CNE6>3.0.CO;2-Y
Distribution of choline acetyltransferase immunoreactivity in the brain of anuran (Rana perezi, Xenopus laevis) and urodele (Pleurodeles waltl) amphibians
O. Marín (1997)
10.1007/s00429-014-0988-1
Neural circuits underlying tongue movements for the prey-catching behavior in frog: distribution of primary afferent terminals on motoneurons supplying the tongue
S. Kecskés (2014)
The Kinematics of Prey Capture and the Mechanism of Tongue Protraction in the Green Tree Frog Hyla Cinerea
S. M. Deban (1992)
10.1016/0304-3940(87)90461-7
Direct contacts between glossopharyngeal afferent terminals and hypoglossal motoneurons revealed by double labeling with cobaltic-lysine and horseradish peroxidase in the Japanese toad
T. Matsushima (1987)
10.1002/CNE.902590308
Cobaltic lysine study of the morphology and distribution of the cranial nerve efferent neurons (motoneurons and preganglionic parasympathetic neurons) and rostral spinal motoneurons in the Japanese toad
Y. Oka (1987)
10.2170/JJPHYSIOL.36.189
Gustatory signal processing in the glossopharyngeo-hypoglossal reflex arc of the frog.
T. Nakachi (1986)
10.1007/BF00190205
Medullary reticular neurons in the Japanese toad: morphologies and excitatory inputs from the optic tectum
T. Matsushima (2004)
10.1016/j.brainres.2007.10.067
Organization of last-order premotor interneurons related to the protraction of tongue in the frog, Rana esculenta
É. Rácz (2008)
10.1002/NEU.480250905
Neural organization of the ventilatory activity in the frog, Rana catesbeiana. II.
N. Kogo (1994)
10.1002/CNE.902220304
Organization within the cranial IX–X complex in ranid frogs: A horseradish peroxidase transport study
S. Stuesse (1984)
10.1016/S0074-7696(08)61985-3
Differentiation processes in the amphibian brain with special emphasis on heterochronies.
A. Schmidt (1996)
Morphology and mechanics of tongue movement in the African pig-nosed frog Hemisus marmoratum: a muscular hydrostatic model.
K. Nishikawa (1999)
10.1002/CNE.902780203
Topography and cytoarchitecture of the motor nuclei in the brainstem of salamanders
G. Roth (1988)
10.1002/AJA.1001870406
Development and innervation of the abdominal muscle in embryonic Xenopus laevis.
K. Lynch (1990)
10.1002/cne.20006
Quantitative morphological analysis of the motoneurons innervating muscles involved in tongue movements of the frog Rana esculenta
A. Birinyi (2004)
10.1159/000357751
Brainstem Circuits Underlying the Prey-Catching Behavior of the Frog
Klára Matesz (2014)
10.1016/0006-8993(87)90346-5
Distribution of motoneurons involved in the prey-catching behavior in the Japanese toad,Bufo japonicus
K. Takei (1987)
10.1016/S0006-8993(97)00803-2
The functional anatomy and evolution of hypoglossal afferents in the leopard frog, Ranapipiens
C. W. Anderson (1997)
10.1002/CNE.902780204
Organization of the motor nuclei in the cervical spinal cord of salamanders
D. B. Wake (1988)
10.2330/JORALBIOSCI1965.32.555
Reflex responses in the infrahyoid muscles by mechanical stimulation of the tongue in the frog
K. Shiozawa (1990)
10.1016/j.brainres.2009.11.071
Crossing dendrites of the hypoglossal motoneurons: Possible morphological substrate of coordinated and synchronized tongue movements of the frog, Rana esculenta
T. Bácskai (2010)
10.1002/CNE.903080402
Musculotopic organization of the hypoglossal nucleus in the grass frog, Rana pipiens
A. Sokoloff (1991)
10.1007/BF00218392
Afferent and efferent components of the facial nerve in a frog, Rana pipiens
S. Stuesse (2004)
10.1002/JEZ.1402730403
Mechanism of tongue protraction during prey capture in the spadefoot toad Spea multiplicata (Anura: Pelobatidae).
S. O'Reilly (1995)
10.1016/S0006-8993(00)02146-6
Evidence for the anatomical origins of hypoglossal afferents in the tongue of the Leopard frog, Rana pipiens
Denise V Harwood (2000)
10.1016/S0304-3940(98)00111-6
Distribution of hypoglossal motor neurons innervating the prehensile tongue of the African pig-nosed frog, Hemisus marmoratum
C. W. Anderson (1998)
See more
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar