Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.

Natural Environments Near Schools: Potential Benefits For Socio‐Emotional And Behavioral Development In Early Childhood

J. T. Scott, Ryan P. Kilmer, Chuang Wang, James R. Cook, Mason G. Haber
Published 2018 · Psychology, Medicine
Cite This
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Share
Features of the natural environment such as tree canopy and green space have been found to promote health and well-being; however, minimal research has investigated potential benefits of nature near schools for early childhood development. This study examined differences in teacher ratings of preschoolers' socio-emotional and behavioral functioning in relation to the presence of natural elements (e.g., trees, parks) near children's homes and schools. Students' development of emotional and behavioral regulatory skills was the greatest when there were high levels of tree canopy either at home or school. Additionally, students developed greater independence and social skills when their schools were in neighborhoods with limited impervious surface (e.g., concrete); this trend was the most pronounced for students from neighborhoods low in impervious surface. Further, results suggested that associations with tree canopy may fluctuate seasonally (i.e., stronger relationships in the spring) and that the potential impact of school nature may depend on levels of home nature exposure. Although not yielding causal evidence regarding the impact of nature exposure or the effectiveness of greening interventions, findings suggest that school administrators and city planners could collaborate to maximize potential benefits of greening efforts near schools or within their catchment zones.
This paper references
10.1016/j.landurbplan.2015.12.015
Impact of views to school landscapes on recovery from stress and mental fatigue
Dongying Li (2016)
Quality of Life Dashboard
Charlotte-Mecklenburg Quality of Life Study (2012)
10.1177/0013916510383238
The Effect of Trees on Crime in Portland, Oregon
Geoffrey H Donovan (2012)
Neighborhood conditions in relation to academic achievement of elementary school students (Unpublished doctoral dissertation)
H. Zuo (2017)
10.3390/ijerph110706757
Impact of Residential Greenness on Preschool Children’s Emotional and Behavioral Problems
Birutė Balsevičienė (2014)
10.1016/j.landurbplan.2011.12.015
More green space is linked to less stress in deprived communities: Evidence from salivary cortisol patterns
Catharine Ward Thompson (2012)
10.1007/BF03403830
Linking Childhood Obesity to the Built Environment: A Multi-level Analysis of Home and School Neighbourhood Factors Associated With Body Mass Index
Jason A Gilliland (2012)
10.1016/S0272-4944(05)80184-7
Stress recovery during exposure to natural and urban environments
Roger S. Ulrich (1991)
10.1177/0013916503035003001
Nearby Nature: A Buffer of Life Stress among Rural Children
Nancy M. Wells (2003)
10.1007/978-1-4613-3539-9_4
Aesthetic and Affective Response to Natural Environment
Roger S. Ulrich (1983)
10.1007/s10964-010-9599-1
Life Satisfaction in Early Adolescence: Personal, Neighborhood, School, Family, and Peer Influences
Eva Oberle (2011)
Spatial temporal dynamics of neighborhood quality of life: Charlotte, NC
Elizabeth C. Delmelle (2012)
10.2307/2670020
Introducing Multilevel Modeling
Ita G. G. Kreft (1998)
10.1002/shi.220
How nature contributes to mental and physical health
Jules Pretty (2004)
10.1177/0013916513510528
The Restorative Effects of Redesigning the Schoolyard
Christina Kelz (2015)
10.1016/j.jenvp.2013.11.008
An occasion for unselfing: Beautiful nature leads to prosociality
Jia Wei Zhang (2014)
10.1111/j.1538-4632.1996.tb00936.x
Geographically Weighted Regression : A Method for Exploring Spatial Nonstationarity
Chris Brunsdon (2010)
10.1016/j.ufug.2011.03.003
The restorative outcomes of forest school and conventional school in young people with good and poor behaviour.
Jennifer K. Roe (2011)
10.1016/j.ecresq.2011.12.009
The Association between Preschool Children's Social Functioning and Their Emergent Academic Skills.
David H. Arnold (2012)
10.1016/j.jenvp.2009.05.001
The psychological benefits of indoor plants: A critical review of the experimental literature
Tina Bringslimark (2009)
10.1108/09578230910941066
Teacher effectiveness and student achievement
Ronald H. Heck (2009)
10.1016/j.amepre.2012.10.016
The evidence of nature and the nature of evidence.
Howard Frumkin (2013)
10.1111/j.1745-9125.2001.tb00932.x
NEIGHBORHOOD INEQUALITY, COLLECTIVE EFFICACY, AND THE SPATIAL DYNAMICS OF URBAN VIOLENCE*
Jeffrey D. Morenoff (2001)
10.1017/CBO9780511521232.009
Children and their Environments: Is contact with nature important for healthy child development? State of the evidence
Andrea Faber Taylor (2006)
10.1007/978-1-4614-0905-2_20
Preventing Early Conduct Problems and Later Delinquency
Christopher J Trentacosta (2012)
10.2307/2075823
Hierarchical Linear Models: Applications and Data Analysis Methods
Stephen W. Raudenbush (1992)
10.1007/978-1-4614-3661-4_14
Measuring Resilience in Children: From Theory to Practice
Jack A. Naglieri (2013)
10.1177/00139160021972793
At Home with Nature Effects of “Greenness” on Children’s Cognitive Functioning
Nancy M. Wells (2000)
10.1177/0013916508314476
Influence of Limitedly Visible Leafy Indoor Plants on the Psychology, Behavior, and Health of Students at a Junior High School in Taiwan
Ke-Tsung Han (2009)
10.1027/1614-2241.1.3.86
Sufficient Sample Sizes for Multilevel Modeling
Cora J. M. Maas (2005)
10.1037/t02167-000
Devereux Early Childhood Assessment
Paul A. LeBuffe (2013)
10.1111/j.1467-8624.2010.01564.x
The impact of enhancing students' social and emotional learning: a meta-analysis of school-based universal interventions.
Joseph A. Durlak (2011)
10.1037/030621
The Experience of Nature: A Psychological Perspective
Rachel Kaplan (1989)
10.1128/AAC.47.9.2788-2795.2003
Pharmacokinetics, safety, and tolerability of oral posaconazole administered in single and multiple doses in healthy adults.
Rachel A. Courtney (2003)
10.1177/0269881105051527
CO2 challenge results in hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal activation in healthy volunteers
Marlies A. van Duinen (2005)
Multilevel modeling, vol 143
D. A. Luke (2004)
10.1177/1087054708323000
Children with attention deficits concentrate better after walk in the park.
Andrea Faber Taylor (2009)
10.1146/annurev-publhealth-032013-182443
Nature and health.
Terry Hartig (2014)
10.1016/j.healthplace.2009.07.002
Outdoor environmental assessment of attention promoting settings for preschool children.
Fredrika Mårtensson (2009)
Urban ecosystem analysis: Mecklenburg County and the City of Charlotte, North Carolina
American Forests (2010)
10.3390/ijerph110303453
Exposure to Neighborhood Green Space and Mental Health: Evidence from the Survey of the Health of Wisconsin
Kirsten M M Beyer (2014)
10.1016/0272-4944(95)90001-2
The restorative benefits of nature: Toward an integrative framework
Stephen L. Kaplan (1995)
10.1016/j.healthplace.2014.03.001
Green schoolyards as havens from stress and resources for resilience in childhood and adolescence.
Louise Chawla (2014)
10.1016/j.landurbplan.2010.06.011
Student performance and high school landscapes: Examining the links
Rodney Hideo Matsuoka (2010)
10.1093/biosci/biv032
The Health Benefits of Urban Nature: How Much Do We Need?
Danielle F. Shanahan (2015)
10.1177/0013916513518064
Social Life Under Cover
Meghan Taylor Holtan (2015)
An occasion for unsel fi ng : Beautiful nature leads to prosocial
J. W. Zhang
The Devereux Early Childhood Assessment literature review. The Devereux Center for Resilient Children
J. Chain (2010)
10.7721/chilyoutenvi.24.2.0010
The Benefits of Children's Engagement with Nature: A Systematic Literature Review
T. R. Gill (2014)



This paper is referenced by
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar