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Urinary Concentration And Dilution: Physiology

Rex L. Jamison, James J. Gehrig
Published 2011 · Chemistry

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The sections in this article are: 1 Control of Water Balance 1.1 General Principles 1.2 Regulation of Water Intake: Thirst 1.3 Regulation of Water Excretion: Antidiuretic Hormone 1.4 Hormones Other Than Arginine Vasopressin That Affect Urinary Water Excretion 1.5 Prostaglandins 2 Architecture of the Medulla 2.1 Nephrons and Collecting Ducts 2.2 Circulation 2.3 Topography of the Renal Medulla 3 Mass Balance and the Countercurrent Principle 3.1 Osmotic Gradient in the Medulla 3.2 Mass Balance for Water and Solute 3.3 Countercurrent Multiplication 4 Permeability and Transport Properties of the Renal Tubule Beyond the Pars Recta 4.1 Thin Descending Limb 4.2 Thin Ascending Limb 4.3 Thick Ascending Limb 4.4 Distal Tubule and Connecting Tubule 4.5 Collecting Tubule 5 Intracellular Osmoregulation 6 Microcirculation of the Renal Medulla 6.1 Countercurrent Exchange 6.2 Fluid Removal from the Medulla 6.3 Medullary Blood Flow 6.4 Regulation of Medullary Circulation 6.5 Summary of Role of Vasa Recta 7 Renal Pelvis 7.1 Structure 7.2 Mechanical Function: Peristalsis and Reflux 7.3 Water and Solute Exchange in the Renal Pelvis
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