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Investigation On The Essential Oil Of Cultivated Salvia Sclarea L.

Perica Ž Pešić, Vladimir M. Banković
Published 2003 · Chemistry

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The yield and composition in freshly picked material of wild-growing and cultivated Salvia sclarea L. in Serbia have not been investigated previously. This paper reports the results of investigation of the yield, characteristics and essential oil composition of cultivated S. sclarea L. on the experimental plot of Hisar (Leskovac), through three different phases of herbal development: at full blossom; at seed formation; and at full seed maturity, in all parts of the inflorescence. Research material, the region of the inflorescence 20–50 cm from the plant top, was picked at 10–11 a.m. The fresh material was immediately distilled with overheated steam by the method of water and steam distillation. Oil yields (% v/w) reached values of about 0.25% in the phase of full blooming, 0.43% in the phase of growing fruit and 0.78–0.83% in the phase of full maturity of the seeds. Physicochemical properties were determined. The essential oil has been tested by GC–MS analysis. The results of the analysis show that the essential oil of S. sclarea L. is dominated by two monoterpenes, linalool and linalylacetate, which mostly determine the oil quality in all the tested phases of development; they constitute 86.07% from total oil mass. Copyright © 2003 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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