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Pretreatment Metabolic Tumor Volume As A Prognostic Factor In HPV‐associated Oropharyngeal Cancer In The Context Of AJCC 8th Edition Staging

John M Floberg, Todd A DeWees, Re-I Chin, Adam A. Garsa, Farrokh Dehdashti, Brian Nussenbaum, Peter J. Oppelt, Douglas R. Adkins, Hiram A. Gay, W. L. Thorstad
Published 2018 · Medicine
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BACKGROUND This study evaluates the prognostic significance of 18 F-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography ([F-18]FDG-PET)-derived metabolic tumor volume (MTV) in human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinomas (OPSCCs) in the context of AJCC 8th edition staging. METHODS We performed a retrospective study of HPV-associated OPSCCs treated with postoperative or definitive radiation. The prognostic significance of pretreatment MTV for freedom from recurrence (FFR), freedom from distant metastasis (FFDM), and overall survival (OS) was determined using Kaplan-Meier analysis. Multivariate analysis (MVA) was performed using Cox regression. RESULTS In this 153-patient cohort, stratifying by the optimum MTV (24 cm3 ) was prognostic for FFR (P = .0002), FFDM (P = .001), and OS (P < .0001). Metabolic tumor volume (MTV) was prognostic of FFR in AJCC 8th edition stage I/II (P = .03), and stage III patients (P = .04). On multivariate analysis only MTV was a significant factor for OS. CONCLUSION Metabolic tumor volume (MTV) is a significant prognostic factor in HPV-associated OPSCCs, independent of AJCC 8th edition stage.
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