Contribution Of The Results‐based Financing Strategy To Improving Maternal And Child Health Indicators In Burkina Faso
Published 2019 · Medicine
In response to the poor performance of its public health care provision, Burkina Faso decided, to implement results-based financing (RBF). This strategy relies on a strategic purchase of the quantity and quality of services provided by health workers, monitored by a set of indicators. However, there is a lack of evidence on its effects. The objective of this article is to appreciate the effect of RBF on a set of maternal and child health (MCH) indicators in Burkina Faso. The study design is quasi-experimental comparative with a control group before and after the implementation of the RBF. To estimate the effect of RBF, we used two methods of analysis: (1) the segmented regression to measure the effect of RBF in the health districts (HD) implementing RBF (RBF HD) and (2) the difference-in-difference test to estimate the effect of RBF considering the differences in mean between RBF HD and HD that did not implement RBF (non-RBF HD). We found among five indicators studied that only the postnatal consultation coverage in RBF HD was significantly higher (7.68%; P = 0.04) than in the non-RBF HD. Overall, our findings do not clearly demonstrate the effectiveness of RBF in improving MCH indicators in Burkina Faso.