← Back to Search
Cancer Incidence Among Women And Girls Environmentally And Occupationally Exposed To Blue Asbestos At Wittenoom, Western Australia
A. Reid, J. Heyworth, N. de Klerk, B. Musk
Published 2008 · Medicine
Save to my Library
Download PDFAnalyze on Scholarcy
The impact of crocidolite exposure on the health of former Wittenoom miners and millers (largely male) has been well documented. Less is known about the health outcomes of the 2,968 women and girls who lived (N = 2,552) and worked (N = 416) in the blue asbestos milling and mining town of Wittenoom between 1943 and 1992. Quantitative exposure measurements were derived from dust studies undertaken over the lifetime of the mine and mill and the township. Incident cancers were obtained from the Western Australian (WA) Cancer Registry and the National Cancer Clearing House. Standardized incidence ratios (SIRS) compared Wittenoom females with the WA female population. Exposure‐response relationships were examined using a matched case‐control study design. There were (47) mesothelioma and (55) lung cancer cases among the 437 cancers in the Wittenoom females over the period 1960–2005. When compared to the WA female population, Wittenoom women and girls had higher rates of mesothelioma and possibly lung cancer. Mesothelioma incidence rates are increasing with the incidence rate of 193 per 100,000 in the period 2000–2005 being more than double that for the period 1995–1999 at 84 per 100,000. A significant exposure‐response relationship was present for mesothelioma, but not for lung cancer. Forty years after the asbestos mine and mill at Wittenoom were closed, there is a high toll from cancer among the former female residents of the town and company workers. © 2007 Wiley‐Liss, Inc.
This paper references
NEW ZEALAND OCCUPATIONAL HYGIENE SOCIETY
C. Hammond (1994)
Validation of death certificates in asbestos workers
M. Newhouse (1969)
Mesothelioma incidence and community asbestos exposure.
M. Berry (1997)
Cancer in Western Australia: Incidence and mortality 2003 and Mesothelioma 1960–2003
TJ Threlfall (2005)
Mortality and morbidity after environmental exposure to crocidolite (blue asbestos) at Wittenoom, Western Australia
J. Hansen (1995)
The Retention and Clearance of Glass Fibre and Different Varieties of Asbestos by the Lung
R. Rendall (1994)
Report of the select committee appointed to inquire into Wittenoom
L. Graham (1994)
Mortality from all cancers of asbestos factory workers in east London 1933–80
G. Berry (2000)
Death following exposure to fine particulate nickel from a metal arc process.
R. Rendall (1994)
Epidemiology of malignant mesothelioma in Australia.
A. Musk (2004)
The quantitative risks of mesothelioma and lung cancer in relation to asbestos exposure.
J. Hodgson (2000)
Work and workers' responses at Wittenoom, 1943-1966.
L. Layman (1983)
Asbestos: Its Human Cost
W. Johnson (1986)
Incidence of mesothelioma in former miners and millers of crocidolite at Wittenoom and in residents of the town
G. Berry (2004)
Sixty years on: the price of assembling military gas masks in 1940
J. C. Mcdonald (2006)
Indirect methods of assessing the effects of tobacco use in occupational studies.
O. Axelson (1988)
Mortality of two groups of women who manufactured gas masks from chrysotile and crocidolite asbestos: a 40-year follow-up
E. Acheson (1982)
Age and sex differences in malignant mesothelioma after residential exposure to blue asbestos (crocidolite).
A. Reid (2007)
Cancer mortality in relation to measures of occupational exposure to crocidolite at Wittenoom Gorge in Western Australia.
N. de Klerk (1989)
Cancer in Western Australia: Incidence and mortality 2003 and Mesothelioma 1960-2003. Department of Health
T J Threlfall (2005)
Pleural malignant mesothelioma and non-occupational exposure to asbestos in Casale Monferrato, Italy.
C. Magnani (1995)
Asbestos dust exposure
G. Major (1968)
The incidence of mesothelioma in Australia
J Leigh (1996)
Cancer in Western Australia: incidence and mortality 2003 and Mesothelioma 1960-2003. Department of Health
T J Threlfall (2005)
Vitamin A and cancer prevention I: Observations in workers previously exposed to asbestos at Wittenoom, Western Australia
A. Musk (1998)
Malignant mesothelioma after environmental exposure to blue asbestos
J. Hansen (1993)
Mortality and morbidity after environmental exposure to crocidolite
J Hansen (1995)
Environmental asbestos exposure and malignant pleural mesothelioma.
M. Metintas (1999)
Smoking is an independent risk factor for oncogenic human papillomavirus (HPV) infections but not for high-grade CIN
K. Syrjänen (2007)
International Classification of Diseases for Oncology
P. Trott (1977)
Stata Statistical Software: Release 7.
Tx Station (2001)
Environmental exposure to asbestos and risk of pleural mesothelioma: review and meta-analysis
V. Bourdès (2004)
Diseases in miners and millers of crocidolite from Wittenoom, Western Australia: a further follow-up to December 1986
N. Klerk (1994)
Cancer in Western Australia: incidence and mortality 2003 and Mesothelioma 1960–2003
TJ Threlfall (2005)
Comparison of measures of exposure to asbestos in former crocidolite workers from Wittenoom Gorge, W. Australia.
N. de Klerk (1996)
The Effects of the Inhalation of Asbestos in Rats
J. Wagner (1974)
Individual Exposure Levels in People Environmentally Exposed to Crocidolite
J. Hansen (1997)
The incidence of pneumoconiosis, mesothelioma and other respiratory cancer in men engaged in mining and milling crocidolite in Western Australia.
M. Hobbs (1980)
Cancer risk after cessation of asbestos exposure: a cohort study of Italian asbestos cement workers
C. Magnani (2007)
Mortality in miners and millers of crocidolite in Western Australia.
B. Armstrong (1988)
Environmental asbestos concentrations in the United States.
W. Nicholson (1980)
Models for mesothelioma incidence following exposure to fibers in terms of timing and duration of exposure and the biopersistence of the fibers.
G. Berry (1999)
Canberra: National Occupational Health and Safety Commission
J Leigh (1996)
[Identification and mortality of Italian emigrants returning to Italy after having worked in the crocidolite mines at Wittenoon Gorge, Western Australia].
E. Merler (2000)
Exposure to crocidolite and the incidence of different histological types of lung cancer.
N. de Klerk (1996)
Environmental exposure to crocidolite and mesothelioma: exposure-response relationships.
J. Hansen (1996)
Occupational cancer among women: research status and methodologic considerations.
A. Blair (1999)
A cohort study on mortality among wives of workers in the asbestos cement industry in Casale Monferrato, Italy.
C. Magnani (1993)
Report of the select committee appointed to inquire into Wittenoom. Perth: Legislative Assembly of the Parliament of Western Australia
L Graham (1994)
Research Methods in Occupational Epidemiology
H. Checkoway (1989)
Mortality of female gas mask assemblers.
B. Wignall (1982)
Risk of Mesothelioma Among Women Living Near Chrysotile Mines Versus US EPA Asbestos Risk Model: Preliminary Findings
M. Camus (2002)
This paper is referenced by
A comprehensive approach of the gender bias in occupational cancer epidemiology: A systematic review of lung cancer studies (2003‐2014)
Charles-Olivier Betansedi (2018)
Domestic Asbestos Exposure: A Review of Epidemiologic and Exposure Data
E. Goswami (2013)
Impacts of land use on spatial distribution of mortality rates of cancers caused by naturally occurring asbestos
Binggan Wei (2012)
Sistemazione and death: the role of the Wittenoom asbestos mine in the lives and deaths of Italian transnational workers
A. D. Pasquale (2013)
A priority list of occupational carcinogenic agents for preventative action in Australia
R. Fernandez (2012)
Asbestos Air Pollution: Description of a Mesothelioma Cluster Due to Residential Exposure from an Asbestos Cement Factory
L. Vimercati (2020)
Cancer clusters: what have we learned?
B. W. Stewart (2013)
Breast cancer risk among female employees of the Australian Broadcasting Corporation in Australia
F. Sitas (2010)
Health risks related to asbestos exposure in the environment - literature review and present status in Republic of Macedonia
Јордан Минов (2015)
Review of the effectiveness of predictive models for mesothelioma to identify lessons for asbestos-related policy
Alison Reid (2016)
Involuntary Exposures — Can Knowledge Keep Pace with Perceptions?
Bernard W. Stewart (2009)
Effect of NSAIDS and COX-2 inhibitors on the incidence and severity of asbestos-induced malignant mesothelioma: evidence from an animal model and a human cohort.
C. Robinson (2014)
Mortality of populations residing in geothermal areas of Tuscany during the period 2003-2012.
E. Bustaffa (2017)
A review of the cohorts with environmental and occupational mineral fiber exposure
S. Metintaş (2019)
An asbestos contaminated town in the vicinity of an asbestos-cement facility: The case study of Sibaté, Colombia.
J. Ramos-Bonilla (2019)
The ticking time-bomb of asbestos: its insidious role in the development of malignant mesothelioma.
Anthony Linton (2012)
Assessment of cancer risks due to environmental exposure to asbestos
Hermen A L Driece (2010)
Sense of control and wellbeing decades after exposure to blue asbestos at Wittenoom, Western Australia
A. Reid (2012)
Are children more vulnerable to mesothelioma than adults? A comparison of mesothelioma risk among children and adults exposed non-occupationally to blue asbestos at Wittenoom
A. Reid (2018)
Dose-time-response association between occupational asbestos exposure and pleural mesothelioma
A. Lacourt (2017)
Asbestos : Update and assessment of the airborne exposure data used in the Hodgson and Darnton meta-analysis and its effects on the estimates of the cumulative exposure
Incidence of malignant mesothelioma of the pleura in Québec and Canada from 1984 to 2007, and projections from 2008 to 2032.
Alfreda Krupoves (2015)
Malignant Diffuse Mesothelioma in Women
E. Pavlisko (2019)
Red-Alarm against Fibers Concentration of Asbestos in Atmospheric Urban Area of Tehran Capital of Iran
K. Agin (2014)
Mesothelioma risk after 40 years since first exposure to asbestos: a pooled analysis
A. Reid (2014)
Retinol supplementation and mesothelioma incidence in workers earlier exposed to blue asbestos (Crocidolite) at Wittenoom, Western Australia
H. Alfonso (2010)
Asbestos Exposure and Gestational Trophoblastic Disease: A Hypothesis
Alison Reid (2009)
Predicted mortality from malignant mesothelioma among women exposed to blue asbestos at Wittenoom, Western Australia
A. Reid (2008)
Asbestos-Related Research : First Objectivity then Conclusions
S. Jargin (2016)
Follow-up of Soluble Mesothelin-Related Protein Levels in Participants With Asbestos-Related Disorders
E. Park (2020)
Gynecologic and Breast Cancers in Women After Exposure to Blue Asbestos at Wittenoom
A. Reid (2009)
Environmental asbestos exposure in rural Turkey and risk of lung cancer
S. Metintaş (2012)See more