Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.

Land Degradation: Socioeconomic And Environmental Causes And Consequences In The Eastern Mediterranean

A. A. Hammad, A. Tumeizi
Published 2012 · Geology

Cite This
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Share
Land degradation is a natural and socioeconomic cause–effect phenomenon that is widespread all over the world. This study investigated the socioeconomic factors and causes of land degradation (e.g. population growth and urbanization, poverty, overgrazing, pollution, biodiversity, erosion) in the eastern part of the Mediterranean region. The study revealed a significant land use change from agricultural and natural vegetation to urbanized areas due to the high population increase during the last ca. 80 years (51-times the magnitude of the total built-up area). The high poverty rate that exists in the area (57 per cent of the population can be classed as ‘poor’) has resulted in damaging environmental practices (overgrazing and intensive usage of natural plants); we found 83 per cent of the farmers admitted to the adoption of these practices. Poverty has also resulted in an inverse and significant correlation (at the 95 per cent confidence level) between holding size and the sale of land for urban uses. We also noted that 75 per cent of the smallholder farmers surveyed had sold their lands for immediate benefits to cope with poverty. This relation was affected by the education level of the farmers; we found a direct and significant (95 per cent confidence level) correlation existed between these factors. Overgrazing was practised by 70 per cent of the farmers and was found to be one of the most important environmental consequences of land use change (1600 ha have been transformed from natural grazing to built-up (urban) in the study area). Socio-economic induced land degradation demands efforts to improve farmer environmental awareness as well as environmental standards, laws and bylaws and the reduction of mismanagement of land. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
This paper references
10.1007/S00267-003-0278-9
Effects of Stonewalled Terracing Techniques on Soil-Water Conservation and Wheat Production Under Mediterranean Conditions
A. A. Hammad (2004)
10.2307/1240211
Urban Expansion and the Loss of Farmland in the United States: Implications for the Future
T. Plaut (1980)
Policies for sustainable land management in the highlands of Tigray, northern Ethiopia
B. Gebremedhin (2003)
10.1890/1540-9295(2006)004[0341:ECORUE]2.0.CO;2
Ecological consequences of rapid urban expansion: Shanghai, China
Shuqing Zhao (2006)
Socio-economic and gender issues affecting the adoption of conservation tillage practices
F. B. Lubwama (1999)
10.1016/S0341-8162(99)00067-3
Adapting the RUSLE to model soil erosion potential in a mountainous tropical watershed
A. A. Millward (1999)
10.18356/08b807d4-en
World Population Prospects
R. C. Cook (1966)
10.1097/00010694-198806000-00011
Soil Erosion and Conservation
R. Morgan (1986)
10.1046/j.1440-1703.2001.00393.x
Influence of slope aspect on Mediterranean woody formations: Comparison of a semiarid and an arid site in Israel
M. Sternberg (2001)
10.1016/S0065-2113(05)88001-0
The Role of Biodiversity in Agronomy
D. Hillel (2005)
10.1071/SR01037
Indigenous soil and water conservation techniques: effects on runoff, erosion, and crop yields under semi-arid conditions
I. C. Wakindiki (2002)
10.1177/0160017605275160
The Effects of Urban Patterns on Ecosystem Function
M. Alberti (2005)
10.1126/science.277.5325.494
Human Domination of Earth's Ecosystems
P. Vitousek (1997)
10.1111/J.0016-7398.2004.05015.X
Land use changes and trends in Human Appropriation of Above Ground Net Primary Production (HANPP) in India (1961–98)
V. K. Prasad (2004)
10.1046/J.1526-0992.2000.006004221.X
Soil Erosion and the Threat to Food Security and the Environment
D. Pimentel (2000)
10.2307/5765
Land Degradation Development and Breakdown of Terrestrial Environments
G. Whiteley (1991)
10.1016/j.jenvman.2009.08.019
Modeling potential herbicide loss to surface waters on the Swiss plateau.
R. Siber (2009)
10.1016/S0933-3630(97)00007-X
Water erosion assessment and control in Northern Iraq
M. H. Hussein (1998)
10.1007/S00267-004-0195-6
Socioeconomic Factors Affecting Farmers’ Perceptions of Land Degradation and Stonewall Terraces in Central Palestine
A. A. Hammad (2006)
10.1007/S00267-001-2692-1
Quantitative Assessment of Agricultural Runoff and Soil Erosion Using Mathematical Modeling: Applications in the Mediterranean Region
G. Arhonditsis (2002)
10.1092/1V61-FPGF-Y5VK-ADAG
Climate and precipitation regime in the Arava Valley, Israel
Yair Goldreich (2001)
10.5860/choice.32-6210
Land Degradation: Creation and Destruction
D. L. Johnson (1995)



This paper is referenced by
10.4236/AS.2019.106063
Assessment of Land-Use and Land Cover Change Effect on Melka Wakena Hydropower Dam in Melka Wakena Catchment of Sub-Upper Wabe-Shebelle Watershed, South Eastern Ethiopia
Hussein Hayicho (2019)
10.5194/sed-7-2775-2015
Evaluation of soil salinity amelioration technologies in Timpaki, Crete: a participatory approach
I. Panagea (2015)
10.1007/978-3-319-54217-1_1
Introduction to Urban Growth and Expansion
Saleh Abdullahi (2017)
10.1101/171835
Empirical evidence reveals the phase diagram of vegetation patterns in Mediterranean drylands
Fernando Meloni (2017)
Ecological and Community Resilience: Income Diversification and Plant-Based Trade in the Alexander Skutch Biological Corridor
M. Grundy (2015)
10.1002/LDR.2371
After All, Land Belongs to the State: Examining the Benefits of Land Registration for Smallholders in Ethiopia
M. Yami (2016)
10.1016/j.jenvman.2020.110658
Mapping ecological space quality changes for ecological management: A case study in the Pearl River Delta urban agglomeration, China.
Xinchuang Chen (2020)
10.1002/LDR.2368
Comparative Assessment of Goods and Services Provided by Grazing Regulation and Reforestation in Degraded Mediterranean Rangelands
Vasilios P. Papanastasis (2015)
10.1080/08865655.2017.1344561
Agricultural Land Use Change and its Drivers in the Palestinian Landscape Under Political Instability, the Case of Tulkarm City
Maha Nassar (2019)
10.1002/ece3.4508
Vegetation type and grazing intensity jointly shape grazing effects on grassland biodiversity
Péter Török (2018)
10.5194/SE-7-177-2016
Evaluation of promising technologies for soil salinity amelioration in Timpaki (Crete): A participatory approach
I. Panagea (2016)
10.1007/s40710-017-0255-6
Processes and Status of Land Degradation in a Plateau Fringe Region of Tropical Environment
Avijit Mahala (2017)
10.1007/s12517-018-3813-y
Environmental sensitivity to desertification in northern Mesopotamia; application of modified MEDALUS by using analytical hierarchy process
Mesut Budak (2018)
Effects of land use changes and conservation measures
Y. Mohawesh (2015)
10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.06.091
A socioeconomic profile of vulnerable land to desertification in Italy.
Luca Salvati (2014)
10.14712/23361964.2019.2
A quantitative approach to land use planning using GIS – A case study of Chabahar County, Iran
H. Jahantigh (2019)
Household demographic and socio-economic predictors of agricultural practices, land use and environmental degradation perception of the Paute catchment (Ecuador)
R. Vanegas (2013)
10.3390/su12104285
A New ‘Lexicon’ of Land Degradation: Toward a Holistic Thinking for Complex Socioeconomic Issues
Gianluca Egidi (2020)
10.1016/J.ECOLECON.2015.02.001
Towards sustainability in agro-forest systems? Grazing intensity, soil degradation and the socioeconomic profile of rural communities in Italy
L. Salvati (2015)
10.4314/IJBCS.V8I3.19
Typologie spatiale de la végétation sahélienne en relation avec les indicateurs de dégradation au Burkina Faso
Abel Kadeba (2014)
10.1002/LDR.2390
Evaluation of Surface Runoff Prediction by AnnAGNPS Model in a Large Mediterranean Watershed Covered by Olive Groves
D. A. Zema (2016)
10.1002/LDR.2316
EFFECTS OF CRUSHED MAIZE STRAW RESIDUES ON SOIL BIOLOGICAL PROPERTIES AND SOIL RESTORATION
M. Tejada (2014)
Vegetation density assessment in the Upper Molopo River Catchment, South Africa
L. Palamuleni (2015)
10.1016/j.landusepol.2019.104293
Evaluating the vegetation restoration potential achievement of ecological projects: A case study of Yan’an, China
Xin Xu (2020)
10.1186/S41610-018-0077-0
Rethink the interlink between land degradation and livelihood of rural communities in Chilga district, Northwest Ethiopia
Kassahun Gashu (2018)
ff ects of land use changes and conservation measures on land degradation under a Mediterranean climate
Y. Mohawesh (2015)
10.20546/IJCMAS.2019.805.078
Epidemiological study of Sheep and Goat pox Disease in Palestine during 2005-2017
Hatem Atalla (2019)
10.3390/ijerph17155398
From Historical Narratives to Circular Economy: De-Complexifying the “Desertification” Debate
R. Hălbac-Cotoară-Zamfir (2020)
10.1016/j.jenvman.2017.05.007
Exchangeable Sodium Percentage decrease in saline sodic soil after Basic Oxygen Furnace Slag application in a lysimeter trial.
C. Pistocchi (2017)
10.1504/IJISD.2015.067352
Soil quality, local communities and the territorial context: Exploring a latent nexus?
Luca Salvati (2015)
10.1109/IGARSS.2019.8899195
Spatial Assessment of Land Degradation Sensitive Areas in Korla
Jinchen Ding (2019)
10.5194/SE-6-217-2015
Kinetics of potassium release in sweet potato cropped soils: a case study in the highlands of Papua New Guinea
Rajashekhar Rao (2015)
See more
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar