Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.

Consumption Of Antibacterial Molecules In Broiler Production In Morocco

Naoufal Rahmatallah, H. El Rhaffouli, I. Lahlou Amine, Y. Sekhsokh, O. Fassi Fihri, Mohammed El Houadfi
Published 2018 · Medicine, Biology

Cite This
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Share
Abstract Monitoring the use of antibacterial agents in food‐producing animals is crucial in order to reduce antimicrobial resistance, selection and dissemination of resistant bacterial strains, and drug residues in the animal food products. The broiler production sector is considered a great consumer of antibacterials and incriminated in the rise of antimicrobial resistance level in zoonotic bacterial pathogens such as Escherichia coli, Salmonella and Campylobacter. Following recommendations from the OIE and WHO, a survey was conducted about the use and consumption of several antibacterial agents in Moroccan broiler flocks. More than 5 million broilers were randomly surveyed at the prescriber level, that is, via the veterinary clinics involved in their health management. The results showed that 93% of the flocks received at least one antibacterial treatment of minimum 3 days duration. Enrofloxacin, colistin and trimethoprim/sulphonamides were the most used antibacterials followed by oxytetracycline, florfenicol and amoxicillin. Oxytetracycline, enrofloxacin and colistin were overdosed in most of the administration, while amoxicillin and the combination of trimethoprim/sulphonamides were under‐dosed. The total amount of antibacterial consumed in the survey was 63.48 mg/kg and the Animal Level of Exposure to Antimicrobials (ALEA) was 94.45%. The reasons for this frequent use were related mainly to the poor quality of broiler production management. Chicks and animal feed provided to producers were of variable quality. Management of rearing stock density was often poor and biosecurity inadequate, and broilers were challenged by a high prevalence of infectious diseases.
This paper references
10.1186/s13756-015-0050-y
Antimicrobial use in Chinese swine and broiler poultry production
V. Krishnasamy (2015)
Detection of Mycoplasma synoviae Infection in Broiler Breeder Farms of Morocco Using Serological Assays and Real Time PCR
Nassik (2014)
The actual situation of antibiotic use in poultry, Morocco
H Bennani (2016)
Food Safety Symposium : Potential Impact of Reduced Antibiotic Use and the Roles of Prebiotics , Probiotics , and Other Alternatives in Antibiotic-Free Broiler Production
Michael Edwin Hume (2011)
10.1073/pnas.1503141112
Global trends in antimicrobial use in food animals
T. V. Van Boeckel (2015)
Antibiotic residues
S. Nakayama (2013)
The actual situation of antibiotic use in poultry, Morocco. Veterinary thesis. Hassan II Agronomic and veterinary institute
H Bennani (2015)
World Health Organization © 2018 The Authors
P. Collignon (2009)
10.1021/ES060337M
Water hardness as a photochemical parameter: tetracycline photolysis as a function of calcium concentration, magnesium concentration, and pH.
J. J. Werner (2006)
10.1016/0378-1135(94)00101-2
Antibioresistance of Escherichia coli strains isolated in Morocco from chickens with colibacillosis.
A. Amara (1995)
10.20506/RST.31.1.2115
Containment of antimicrobial resistance due to use of antimicrobial agents in animals intended for food: WHO perspective.
A. Aidara-Kane (2012)
10.1016/J.PREVETMED.2003.08.009
What has happened in norway after the ban of avoparcin? Consumption of antimicrobials by poultry.
K. Grave (2004)
Multiresistant avian pathogenic Escherichia coli isolated from broiler chickens in Rabat and regions in Morocco. Proceeding of the XVIII congress of the World Veterinary Poultry Association in Nantes
N Rahmatallah
10.4324/9780429051777-4
Production of Reports
Allison Holloway (2019)
) Food and Drug Administration (FDA). (2015b). Final decision of the commissioner: withdrawal of approval of the new animal drug application for enrofloxacin in poultry
P Collignon
10.1016/j.prevetmed.2011.10.013
Monitoring of antibiotic consumption in livestock: a German feasibility study.
R. Merle (2012)
Report of the 1st meeting of the WHO advisory group on integrated surveillance of antimicrobial resistance
10.1086/512369
Fluoroquinolone-resistant Campylobacter species and the withdrawal of fluoroquinolones from use in poultry: a public health success story.
J. Nelson (2007)
World Organisation For Animal Health (OIE) (2003) OIE guidelines on antimicrobial resistance: reports prepared by the OIE Ad hoc group of experts on antimicrobial resistance
10.3382/ps.2010-01030
Historic perspective: prebiotics, probiotics, and other alternatives to antibiotics.
M. Hume (2011)
10.20506/RST.20.3.1309
Antimicrobial resistance: an overview.
J. Acar (2001)
Requirements for poultry production
e sanitaire des aliments (2015)
Colibaccilosis. In: Diseases of poultry
H. J. Barnes (2003)
10.1016/J.IJANTIMICAG.2006.09.023
Ethical aspects for veterinarians regarding antimicrobial drug use in Italy.
A. Passantino (2007)
10.1016/J.MIB.2003.09.009
Antibiotics in animal feed and their role in resistance development.
H. Wegener (2003)
10.1016/j.scitotenv.2011.04.030
Antibiotic contamination and occurrence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria in aquatic environments of northern Vietnam.
Phan Thi Phuong Hoa (2011)
Danish Programme for surveillance of antimicrobial consumption and resistance in bacteria from animals
S. DarwishW. (2016)
10.1086/599374
World Health Organization ranking of antimicrobials according to their importance in human medicine: A critical step for developing risk management strategies for the use of antimicrobials in food production animals.
P. Collignon (2009)
10.2527/jas.2011-4739
Extension Education Symposium: The future of biosecurity and antimicrobial use in livestock production in the United States and the role of extension.
S. Clark (2012)
10.1016/0147-9571(88)90027-6
Antibiotic resistance of Escherichia coli strains isolated from chickens with colisepticaemia in Morocco.
E. Filali (1988)
10.1017/S0043933907001262
Key health and welfare indicators for broiler production
L. Manning (2007)
Rapport annuel du r  eseau d ’ - surveillance de l ’ antibior  esistance des bact  eries pathog  enes animales 2014
M. AwadY. (2015)
Sales survey of veterinary medicinal products containing antimicrobials in France 2015
Anses (2015)
10.1080/09603123.2012.733934
Occurrence of antibiotics as emerging contaminant substances in aquatic environment
Natasa M Milic (2013)
Office national de s  ecurit  e sanitaire des aliments . Requirements for poultry production
A Passantino (2007)
Sales survey of veterinary medicinal products containing antimicrobials in France
Anses
German programme for monitoring the consumption of antimicrobials and the extent of resistances against antimicrobials in human and veterinary medicine
GERMAP (2016)
World Organisation For Animal Health
10.1016/J.PREVETMED.2004.04.001
Veterinary antimicrobial-usage statistics based on standardized measures of dosage.
V. Jensen (2004)
10.1016/j.ijmm.2013.04.004
Antibiotic consumption and resistance: data from Europe and Germany.
E. Meyer (2013)
10.1080/19393210.2011.585245
Incidence of tetracycline residues in chicken meat and liver retailed to consumers
Noha A Salama (2011)
10.1016/j.prevetmed.2012.07.009
Comparing antimicrobial exposure based on sales data.
N. Bondt (2013)
10.1016/J.PREVETMED.2005.10.003
Quantification and evaluation of antimicrobial drug use in group treatments for fattening pigs in Belgium.
T. Timmerman (2006)
10.1016/j.prevetmed.2012.02.020
Antimicrobial use in Belgian broiler production.
D. Persoons (2012)
10.1016/j.chemosphere.2011.08.051
Tetracycline photolysis in natural waters: loss of antibacterial activity.
Kristine H. Wammer (2011)
10.1111/j.1365-2885.2008.00960.x
Impact of antimicrobial drug usage measures on the identification of heavy users, patterns of usage of the different antimicrobial classes and time-trends evolution.
C. Chauvin (2008)
EFFECT OF ANTHROPIC ACTIVITIES ON THE QUALITY OF SUBSOIL WATERS IN RURAL MEDIUM IN THE AREA OF MEKNES (MOROCCO)
L. Belghiti (2014)
D  etection de souches multi - r  esistantes d ’ Escherichia coli d ’ origine aviaire dans la r  egion de Rabat - Sal  e - Zemmour - Zaer
A. SalamaN. (2011)
10.1007/s12665-013-2548-z
Veterinary antibiotics contamination in water, sediment, and soil near a swine manure composting facility
Y. Awad (2013)
10.1080/03079457.2015.1044422
Prevalence and molecular characterization of avian infectious bronchitis virus in poultry flocks in Morocco from 2010 to 2014 and first detection of Italy 02 in Africa
Siham Fellahi (2015)
Rapport annuel du r eseau d'-surveillance de l'antibior esistance des bact eries pathog enes animales
Resapath Anses
10.1051/VETRES:2001145
The crucial question of standardisation when measuring drug consumption.
C. Chauvin (2001)
DANMAP 2016 - Use of antimicrobial agents and occurrence of antimicrobial resistance in bacteria from food animals, food and humans in Denmark
B. B. Høg (2017)
10.1177/003335491212700103
A Review of Antibiotic Use in Food Animals: Perspective, Policy, and Potential
T. Landers (2012)
10.1111/zph.12165
Antimicrobial usage in chicken production in the Mekong Delta of Vietnam.
J. Carrique-Mas (2015)
Fluoroquinolone-resistant campylobacter species and the withdrawal of fluoroquinolones from use in © 2018 The Authors
J. M. Nelson (2007)
Revue du secteur avicole. Production system characteristics in FAO publications
A Barkok (2007)
Multiresistant avian pathogenic Escherichia coli isolated from broiler chickens in Rabat and regions in Morocco
N. Rahmatallah (2013)



This paper is referenced by
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar