Adaptive Cruise Control
Published 2012 · Computer Science
An adaptive cruise control (ACC) system is an extension of the standard cruise control system. An ACC equipped vehicle has a radar or other sensor that measures the distance to other preceding vehicles (downstream vehicles) on the highway. In the absence of preceding vehicles, the ACC vehicle travels at a user-set speed, much like a vehicle with a standard cruise control system (see Figure 6-1). However, if a preceding vehicle is detected on the highway by the vehicle’s radar, the ACC system determines whether or not the vehicle can continue to travel safely at the desired speed. If the preceding vehicle is too close or traveling too slowly, then the ACC system switches from speed control to spacing control. In spacing control, the ACC vehicle controls both the throttle and brakes so as to maintain a desired spacing from the preceding vehicle.