Military Logistics Planning In Humanitarian Relief Operations
Published 2013 · Business
Humanitarian logistics is defined as the process of planning, implementing and controlling the efficient, cost effective flow and storage of goods and materials as well as related information from the point of origin to the point of consumption for the purpose of alleviating the suffering of vulnerable people. The function encompasses a range of activities, including preparedness, planning, procurement, transport, warehousing, tracking and tracing. However, several factors may obstruct the flows of reliefs and information in humanitarian relief operations and negatively affect the effectiveness of the involved organizations. Problems such as scarcity of reliefs and logistics means to efficiently distribute the goods, location/allocation of distribution centres and storage capacity, flow bottlenecks in the humanitarian relief network, security of convoys, fairness in reliefs’ distribution, etc. may appear at different stages of the HROs and prevent the reliefs from reaching the needy populations. This chapter considers HROs from a military logistics perspective. We review some challenging problems in HROs. We then propose mathematical planning and optimization models to address some of these problems. Finally, we give some concluding remarks and some future research venues.