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Strigolactones - Biology And Applications
Published 2019 · Biology
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Strigolactones (SLs) are a group of carotenoid derivatives that act as a hormone regulating plant development and response to environmental stimuli. SLs are also released into soil as a signal indicating the presence of a host for symbiotic arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and root parasitic weeds. In this chapter, we provide an overview on the enormous progress that has been recently made in elucidating SL biosynthesis and signal transduction. We describe the tailoring pathway from the carotenoid precursor to the central intermediate carlactone, highlighting the stereospecificity of the involved enzymes, the all-trans/9-cis-β-carotene isomerase (D27), the 9-cis-specific CAROTENOID CLEAVAGE DIOXYGENASE 7 (CCD7), as well as CCD8 and its unusual catalytic activity. We then outline the oxidation of carlactone by cytochrome P450 enzymes, such as the Arabidopsis MORE AXILLARY GROWTH 1 (MAX1), into different SLs and the role of other enzymes in generating this diversity, and discuss why plants produce many different SLs. This is followed by depicting hormonal and nutritional factors that regulate SL biosynthesis and release, and by a description of transport mechanisms. In the second part of our chapter, we focus on SL perception and signal transduction, describing the SL receptor DECREASED APICAL DOMINANCE 2 (DAD2)/DWARF14 (D14) and its unique features, the central function of protein degradation mediated by the F-box protein MAX2 and its homologs. We also discuss the latest advances in understanding how SLs regulate the transcription of target genes and the role of SMXL/D53 transcription inhibitors.
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S. Pavan (2016)
Using the possibilities of some trap, catch and Brassicaceaen crops for controlling crenate broomrape a problem in lentil fields
Eda Aksoy (2016)
The role of strigolactones and ethylene in disease caused by Pythium irregulare.
Sara Blake (2016)
Carlactone-type strigolactones and their synthetic analogues as inducers of hyphal branching in arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi.
Narumi Mori (2016)
Identification of genes involved in fungal responses to strigolactones using mutants from fungal pathogens
S. Belmondo (2016)
Parasitic weed management by using strigolactone-degrading fungi.
A. Boari (2016)
Practicality of the suicidal germination approach for controlling Striga hermonthica.
H. Samejima (2016)
Strigolactones in the Rhizobium-legume symbiosis: Stimulatory effect on bacterial surface motility and down-regulation of their levels in nodulated plants.
M. A. Peláez-Vico (2016)
Genes conserved for arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis identified through phylogenomics
Armando Bravo (2016)
Corrigendum: D14–SCFD3-dependent degradation of D53 regulates strigolactone signalling
F. Zhou (2016)
Symbiosis with an endobacterium increases the fitness of a mycorrhizal fungus, raising its bioenergetic potential
A. Salvioli (2016)
Assessment of phylogenetic signal in the germination ability of Phelipanche ramosa on Brassicaceae hosts
Stéphanie Gibot-Leclerc (2016)
Strigolactone-Induced Putative Secreted Protein 1 Is Required for the Establishment of Symbiosis by the Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungus Rhizophagus irregularis.
S. Tsuzuki (2016)
Low levels of strigolactones in roots as a component of the systemic signal of drought stress in tomato.
I. Visentin (2016)
Stereospecificity in strigolactone biosynthesis and perception
G. Flematti (2016)
The Role of Flavonoids in Nodulation Host-Range Specificity: An Update
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Effects of strigolactone signaling on Arabidopsis growth under nitrogen deficient stress condition
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The Role of Endogenous Strigolactones and Their Interaction with ABA during the Infection Process of the Parasitic Weed Phelipanche ramosa in Tomato Plants
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Plant Genetics, School of Life Sciences Weihenstephan, Technical University of Munich (TUM), Freising, Germany e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org © Springer Nature Switzerland AG
C. Gutjahr (2019)
Molecular Sciences, The University of Western Australia, Perth, WA, Australia e-mail: email@example.com © Springer Nature Switzerland AG
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