Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.
← Back to Search

Climate-Smart Agricultural Practices (CSA) Adoption By Crop Farmers In Semi-arid Regions Of West And East Africa: Evidence From Nigeria And Ethiopia

A. Onoja, Amanuel Abraha, A. Girma, A. Achike
Published 2019 · Geography

Save to my Library
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy Visualize in Litmaps
Reduce the time it takes to create your bibliography by a factor of 10 by using the world’s favourite reference manager
Time to take this seriously.
Get Citationsy
The study was designed to scientifically identify two analogous African sites in semi-arid regions experiencing climate change so as to share their common experiences and then document CSA practices adopted in these regions. It identified analogous sites in Nigeria and Ethiopia for the purpose of studying their climate change adaptation experiences; assessed the socio-economic attributes of crop farmers in the semi-arid regions of these countries under stress and risk of climate change; ascertained the perception of crop farmers on climate change risks in the areas and then described the CSAs adopted in the two analogous sites. Identification of sites were done using GIS tool called CCAFs. Then 120 crop farmers each were randomly selected from the two countries (240 farmers) in a stratified manner. Primary data were collected with the aid of Focus Group Discussion method, a set of structured questionnaire and interview schedule after validating the questionnaire. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics and ranking techniques; analysis of variance and t test. It was found that the socioeconomic attributes of farmers in Ethiopia and Nigerian farms varied especially with respect to food assess, types of crops cultivated, household size, education and extension contacts even though major crops in the regions were similar (sorghum, maize, millet and sesame). The two countries had similarities in the adoption of CSAs with the most common CSAs being crop rotation, agro-forestry, adoption of water management techniques, terracing/bunding and contour cropping. In Nigerian farms, while changing of planting dates (76%), diversification of crops (71%) and planting of high resistant varieties (82%) were common CSAs adopted by the farmers, Ethiopian farmers did not adopt these on a high scale. There was no difference in rate of adoption of CSAs in the two countries. It was recommended that farmers should be assisted to build capacities in applying more reliable CSAs such as use of drought tolerant varieties of seeds, improved water management techniques, and to have better access to early warning information on climate; irrigation facilities and finance.
This paper references
Political ecology: where is the ecology?
P. Walker (2005)
Technology Adoption Under Production Uncertainty: Theory and Application to Irrigation Technology
P. Koundouri (2006)
Determinants of adoption and continued use of stone terraces for soil and water conservation in an Ethiopian highland watershed
A. Amsalu (2007)
The Perception of and Adaptation to Climate Change in Africa
D. Maddison (2007)
Adoption decision and use intensity of soil and water conservation measures by smallholder subsistence farmers in Dedo District, Western Ethiopia
Y. Anley (2007)
Measuring Ethiopian farmers' vulnerability to climate change across regional states:
T. Deressa (2008)
Determinants of farmers’ choice of adaptation methods to climate change in the Nile Basin of Ethiopia
T. Deressa (2009)
Climate change impacts in Ethiopia hydro-economic modeling projections
Gene J.-Y. You (2009)
Implications of climate change for agricultural productivity in the early twenty-first century
J. Gornall (2010)
Farmers Perception and Adaptation to Climate Change: An Estimation of Willingness to Pay
H. Acquah (2011)
Farmers' perception and knowledge on climate change and their coping strategies to the related hazards: case study from Adiha, central Tigray, Ethiopia
D. Mengistu (2011)
Present and future climate change in the semi‐arid region of West Africa: a crucial input for practical adaptation in agriculture
Benoît Sarr (2012)
Farm Level Adaptation to Climate Change: The Case of Farmer’s in the Ethiopian Highlands
Tagel Gebrehiwot (2013)
Climate-smart agriculture: sourcebook.
L. Palombi (2013)
Farmers' Perceptions and Adaptations to Climate Change in Sub-Sahara Africa: A Synthesis of Empirical Studies and Implications for Public Policy in African Agriculture
J. Juana (2013)
Study on Perspectives of Energy Production Systems and Climate Change Risks in Nigeria
S. Nwanya (2013)
CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security factsheet
Ccafs (2014)

This paper is referenced by
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar