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Biomechanical Basis Of Tissue–Implant Interactions

R. Bȩdziński, K. Ścigała
Published 2010 · Materials Science

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Tissue-implant interactions were analysed by investigations of bone adaptation processes, especially in the region surrounding the implant. In such cases all factors stimulating bone negative remodelling should be taken in consideration. Because of that, a three-step analysis of implant alignment to the surrounding tissues was carried out. Basic parameters of the bone-implant interaction were estimated (on the macro level: stiffness characteristics, shear strains distribution, and bone tissue density distribution; on the micro level: trabecular structures development, trabecular microcracks distribution, and bone cells strain distribution). Estimation of each parameter was carried out by development of numerical tools which enabled control of bone tissue changes caused by changes in the implant design. All steps of the analysis were carried out using FE models and own simulation procedures.
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