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Classification Of Electrochemically Active Polymers

G. Inzelt
Published 2012 · Materials Science

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Electrochemically active polymers can be classified into several categories based on the mode of charge propagation (note that insulating polymers are not considered here except for those with variable conductivity). The mode of charge propagation is linked to the chemical structure of the polymer. The two main categories are electron-conducting polymers and proton (ion)-conducting polymers. We will focus on electron-conducting polymers here. We can also distinguish between two main classes of electron-conducting polymers based on the mode of electron transport: redox polymers and electronically conducting polymers. In this chapter, we provide examples of each type of electron-conducting polymers, listing some of the most typical and widely studied of these polymers, as well as several new and interesting representatives of this class of materials. Some sections are also devoted to combinations, such as electronically conducting polymers containing redox functionalities and copolymers. Composites, which has been developed extensively during the recent years, are discussed too.
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