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Taxonomy And Systematics

C. Arthur Gillott
Published 1995 · Geography

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Systematics may be defined as the study of the kinds and diversity of organisms and the relationships among them. Taxonomy, on the other hand, is the theory and practice of identifying, describing, naming, and classifying organisms. Classification is the arrangement of organisms into groups (taxa, singular taxon) on the basis of their relationships. It follows that identification can take place only after a classification has been established. It should be emphasized that these definitions are not adopted by all authors. Taxonomy is often used as a synonym of systematics (as defined above), while classification is sometimes used rather loosely (and incorrectly) as a synonym of identification.

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