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The Strain-rate, Temperature And Pressure Dependence Of Yield Of Isotropic Poly(methylmethacrylate) And Poly(ethylene Terephthalate)
Published 1970 · Materials Science
The yield behaviour of poly(methylmethacrylate) (PMMA) has been investigated in tension and compression over a range of testing temperatures and strain-rates. Both tensile and compressive yield stresses were found to increase monotonically with increasing strainrate and decreasing temperatures. Compressive yield stresses were in general found to be more dependent on strain-rate.The results of this investigation have been correlated with previous published data for the dependence of the torsional yield stress of PMMA on hydrostatic pressure. This was done by a modification of a theory proposed by Robertson which uses the internal viscosity approach to yield in glassy polymers. The modified theory clearly explains the temperature and strain-rate dependence of the yield stress and provides a quantitative explanation of the differences in behaviour between tension and compression in terms of the dependence of yield on the hydrostatic component of the applied stress.The tensile yield behaviour of isotropic amorphous poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) sheets has also been investigated over a wide range of temperatures and strain-rates. No torsion or compressive yield stresses are available because of the sheet form of the PET, but the results obtained in tension are shown to be fully consistent with the above theory, and with other published work.