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Survival Of 727 Patients With Single Carcinomas Of The Large Bowel

H. C. Umpleby, James B. Bristol, John B. Rainey, Robin C. N. Williamson
Published 1984 · Medicine
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The outcome of 727 patients presenting with solitary colorectal carcinoma over a seven-year period is reviewed. Of the patients, 52 per cent were females 45 per cent were over 70 years and 31 per cent had an emergency admission. Of the tumors, 43 per cent occurred in the rectum and 40 per cent were stage D (not treated curatively). Predisposing causes included inflammatory bowel disease (n=12) and abdominal irradiation (n=6); associated adenomatous polyps were present in 22 per cent of resection specimens. Hospital mortality rates (20 per cent overall) were adversely affected by emergency admission (36 per cent), age>70 years (29 per cent) and advanced, stage D disease (31 per cent). Corrected overall five-year survival rate was 32 per cent and, after curative resection, 59 per cent. Of patients in whom curative resection included contiguous organs, 47 per cent survived five years. Survival was reduced in patients over 70 years (26 per cent), in emergency admissions (24 per cent), in poorly differentiated tumors (18 per cent), and if tumor fixity was present (14 per cent). Factors contributing to a favorable outlook included a long history (greater than one year) and a tumor situated in the left colon. Recurrence developed in 47 per cent of patients surviving curative resection and was seldom diagnosed at a curable stage.
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