Theory Of Formation Of The Ionosphere
Published 1966 · Physics
Current knowledge about the solar radiation and absorption and ionization cross sections of atmospheric gases is reviewed. Next the main observed features of ionospheric layers are summarized. Using CIRA 1965 model atmospheres the heights of the peak of the ionization rate are calculated for a number of solar emission lines and it is made clear which of these lines are responsible for the formation of E and F1 layers. The mechanism of electron removal in the F and upper E regions as well as in the lower regions is considered, and the mechanism of formation and some behaviours of each ionospheric layer is discussed. In particular, the equatorial F2 layer is briefly considered. Discrepancies are pointed out between the values of the recombination coefficient and the rate constant for ion-atom interchange reaction obtained from ionospheric observations and from laboratory experiments. Inconsistency of the values of the intensity of solar radiation measured by rocket techniques and inferred from ionospheric considerations is also noted. Some evidence is presented suggesting that corpuscular radiation may be responsible for part of the ionization in the ionosphere even in temperate latitudes.