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Restricting Volumes Of Resuscitation Fluid In Adults With Septic Shock After Initial Management: The CLASSIC Randomised, Parallel-group, Multicentre Feasibility Trial

P. B. Hjortrup, N. Haase, H. Bundgaard, Simon L. Thomsen, R. Winding, V. Pettilä, A. Aaen, D. Lodahl, R. E. Berthelsen, Henrik Christensen, M. Madsen, P. Winkel, J. Wetterslev, A. Perner, The Crash trial management group, The Scandinavian Critical Care Trials Group
Published 2016 · Medicine

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PurposeWe assessed the effects of a protocol restricting resuscitation fluid vs. a standard care protocol after initial resuscitation in intensive care unit (ICU) patients with septic shock.MethodsWe randomised 151 adult patients with septic shock who had received initial fluid resuscitation in nine Scandinavian ICUs. In the fluid restriction group fluid boluses were permitted only if signs of severe hypoperfusion occurred, while in the standard care group fluid boluses were permitted as long as circulation continued to improve.ResultsThe co-primary outcome measures, resuscitation fluid volumes at day 5 and during ICU stay, were lower in the fluid restriction group than in the standard care group [mean differences −1.2 L (95 % confidence interval −2.0 to −0.4); p < 0.001 and −1.4 L (−2.4 to −0.4) respectively; p < 0.001]. Neither total fluid inputs and balances nor serious adverse reactions differed statistically significantly between the groups. Major protocol violations occurred in 27/75 patients in the fluid restriction group. Ischaemic events occurred in 3/75 in the fluid restriction group vs. 9/76 in the standard care group (odds ratio 0.32; 0.08–1.27; p = 0.11), worsening of acute kidney injury in 27/73 vs. 39/72 (0.46; 0.23–0.92; p = 0.03), and death by 90 days in 25/75 vs. 31/76 (0.71; 0.36–1.40; p = 0.32).ConclusionsA protocol restricting resuscitation fluid successfully reduced volumes of resuscitation fluid compared with a standard care protocol in adult ICU patients with septic shock. The patient-centred outcomes all pointed towards benefit with fluid restriction, but our trial was not powered to show differences in these exploratory outcomes.Trial registration NCT02079402.
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