Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.

Normative Data For The Montreal Cognitive Assessment In An Italian Population Sample

Gabriella Santangelo, Mattia Siciliano, Roberto Pedone, Carmine Vitale, Fabrizia Falco, R. Colella Bisogno, Pietro Siano, Paolo Barone, Dario Grossi, Franco Santangelo, Luigi Trojano
Published 2014 · Psychology, Medicine
Cite This
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) is a rapid screening battery, also including subtests to assess frontal functions such as set-shifting, abstraction and cognitive flexibility. MoCA seems to be useful to identify non-amnestic mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and subcortical dementia; it has high sensitivity and specificity in distinguishing MCI from mild Alzheimer’s Disease. Previous studies revealed that certain items of MoCA may be culturally biased and highlighted the need for population-based norms for the MoCA. The aim of present study was to collect normative values in a sample of Italian healthy subjects. Four hundred and fifteen Italian healthy subjects (252 women and 163 men) of different ages (age range 21–95 years) and educational level (from primary to university) underwent MoCA and Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE). Multiple linear regression analysis revealed that age and education significantly influenced performance on MoCA. No significant effect of gender was found. From the derived linear equation, a correction grid for MoCA raw scores was built. Inferential cut-off score, estimated using a non-parametric technique, is 15.5 and equivalent scores were computed. Correlation analysis showed a significant but weak correlation between MoCA adjusted scores with MMSE adjusted scores (r = 0.43, p < 0.001). The present study provided normative data for the MoCA in an Italian population useful for both clinical and research purposes.
This paper references
Standardizzazione e taratura di test neuropsicologici
H Spinnler (1987)
The neuro-psychological assessment
Javier Tirapu Ustárroz (2007)
First-Last Names and the Grocery List Selective Reminding Test: two computerized measures of everyday verbal learning.
James Robert Youngjohn (1991)
Validity of the MoCA and MMSE in the detection of MCI and dementia in Parkinson disease
Stefan Hoops (2009)
Normative Data for the Montreal Cognitive Assessment in a Japanese Community-Dwelling Older Population
Kenji Narazaki (2012)
Age-related sex differences in verbal memory.
Margit L. Bleecker (1988)
Standardizazione e taratura italiana di test neuropsicologici
Henri Spinnler (1987)
mative data for the Montreal Cognitive Assessment ( MoCA ) in a population - based sample
HC Rossetti (2011)
Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA): Validation study for Frontotemporal Dementia
Sandra Freitas (2012)
Gender Differences in Cognitive Abilites
Ahmed A. Teleb (2012)
Neuropsychological assessment, 5th ed.
Muriel Deutsch Lezak (2012)
Mehrdimensionale nicht-parametrische Normbereiche
Hanns Ackermann (1985)
Rey-Osterrieth complex figure: normative values in an Italian population sample
Paolo Caffarra (2002)
The Frontal Assessment Battery (FAB): normative values in an Italian population sample
Ildebrando Marco Appollonio (2005)
The mini‐mental state examination: Normative study of an Italian random sample
Giovanni Measso (1993)
The Montreal Cognitive Assessment: Validity and Utility in a Memory Clinic Setting
Tasha Smith (2007)
The Montreal Cognitive Assessment, MoCA: a brief screening tool for mild cognitive impairment.
Ziad Samir Nasreddine (2005)
Normative data for the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) in a population-based sample
Heidi Christine Rossetti (2011)
Evidence for gender differences in visual selective attention
Paul Merritt (2007)
Normative Data and Neuropsychological Assessment. Common Problems in Clinical Practice and Research
Erminio Capitani (1997)
A meta-analysis of the accuracy of the mini-mental state examination in the detection of dementia and mild cognitive impairment.
Alex J Mitchell (2009)
Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA): validation study for vascular dementia.
Sandra Freitas (2012)
A normative study of a shorter version of Raven’s progressive matrices 1938
Paolo Caffarra (2003)
Individual differences in cross-sectional and 3-year longitudinal memory performance across the adult life span.
Elizabeth M. Zelinski (1993)
Influence of verbal intelligence, sex, age, and education on the rey auditory verbal learning test
Karen Bolla-Wilson (1986)
a brief screening tool for mild cognitive impairment
ZS Nasreddine (1987)
Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA): Normative study for the Portuguese population
Sandra Freitas (2011)
"Mini-mental state". A practical method for grading the cognitive state of patients for the clinician.
Marshal F. Folstein (1975)
Illiteracy: the neuropsychology of cognition without reading.
Alfredo Ardila (2010)
Montreal Cognitive Assessment, Italian version. MoCA-Test-Italian.pdf
A Pirani (2006)
The Modified Five-Point Test: normative data for a sample of Italian healthy adults aged 16–60
Raffaella Cattelani (2011)

This paper is referenced by
Cognitive-Motor Interference during Walking in Older Adults with Probable Mild Cognitive Impairment
Thomas J. Klotzbier (2017)
Mini-Mental State Examination: new normative values on subjects in Southern Italy
Michele Carpinelli Mazzi (2019)
Assessment of apathy independent of physical disability: validation of the Dimensional Apathy Scale in Italian healthy sample
Gabriella Santangelo (2016)
Montreal Cognitive Assessment in a 63- to 65-year-old Norwegian Cohort from the General Population: Data from the Akershus Cardiac Examination 1950 Study
Håkon Ihle-Hansen (2017)
Intra-Individual Variability of Error Awareness and Post-error Slowing in Three Different Age-Groups
Fabio Masina (2018)
Psychometric properties of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) in healthy participants aged 18-70.
Carolien J W H Bruijnen (2020)
The Use of a Virtual Reality Platform for the Assessment of the Memory Decline and the Hippocampal Neural Injury in Subjects with Mild Cognitive Impairment: The Validity of Smart Aging Serious Game (SASG)
Monia Cabinio (2020)
Benefit of hearing aid use in the elderly: the impact of age, cognition and hearing impairment
Gabriella Tognola (2019)
Comparison of alternate and original forms of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA): an Italian normative study
Mattia Siciliano (2019)
Apathy in corticobasal degeneration: possible parietal involvement.
Rita Moretti (2017)
Regression-based normative data and equivalent scores for Trail Making Test (TMT): an updated Italian normative study
Mattia Siciliano (2018)
Neuropsychological screening tools in Italian HIV+ patients: a comparison of Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) and Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE)
Benedetta Milanini (2016)
Prospective memory is dysfunctional in migraine without aura
Gabriella Santangelo (2018)
Numerical Activities of Daily Living – Financial (NADL-F): A tool for the assessment of financial capacities‡
Giorgio Arcara (2019)
Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA): Concept and Clinical Review
Parunyou Julayanont (2013)
Coping Strategies in Migraine without Aura: A Cross-Sectional Study
Antonio Russo (2019)
Normative data for the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) and the Memory Index Score (MoCA‐MIS) in Brazil: Adjusting the nonlinear effects of education with fractional polynomials
Daniel Apolinário (2018)
Autonomic Nervous System and Cognitive Impairment in Older Patients: Evidence From Long-Term Heart Rate Variability in Real-Life Setting
Anna Maria Dalise (2020)
Cognitive impairment in late life bipolar disorder: Risk factors and clinical outcomes.
Martino Belvederi Murri (2019)
Normative Data for the Montreal Cognitive Assessment in Middle-Aged and Elderly Quebec-French People.
Eddy Larouche (2016)
Lost in Classification: Lower Cognitive Functioning in Apparently Cognitive Normal Newly Diagnosed RRMS Patients
Marco Pitteri (2019)
Application of the p9NORM correction method to timed neuropsychological tests in Parkinson’s disease and multiple system atrophy
Teresa Costabile (2020)
Socio-demographic characteristics and cognitive performance in oldest old subjects asking for driving license renewal
Giuseppina Bernardelli (2020)
Physical exercise for late-life depression: Effects on symptom dimensions and time course.
Martino Belvederi Murri (2018)
Psychometric properties of the Italian version of the multifactorial memory questionnaire for adults and the elderly
Simona Raimo (2016)
Lifestyle, Physical Activity and Cognitive Functions: the impact on the scores of Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCa).
Augusto Innocenti (2017)
Psychometric properties of the Italian version of the Cognitive Reserve Scale (I-CRS)
Manuela Altieri (2018)
Cognitive and behavioral disorders in Parkinson’s disease: an update. I: cognitive impairments
Costanza Papagno (2017)
A re‐examination of Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) cutoff scores
Nicole Carson (2018)
A Comparison of Divergent Thinking Abilities Between Healthy Elderly Subjects and MCI Patients: Preliminary Findings and Implications
Giulia Fusi (2020)
False memories in relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis patients: A preliminary investigation with the DRM paradigm.
Marco Pitteri (2020)
The role of the motor subtypes on the relationship between anxiety and cognitive dysfunctions in Parkinson’s disease
Gianpaolo Maggi (2020)
See more
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar