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VRT (verbal Reasoning Test): A New Test For Assessment Of Verbal Reasoning. Test Realization And Italian Normative Data From A Multicentric Study

Benedetta Basagni, Claudio Luzzatti, Eduardo Neptali Colina Navarrete, Marina Caputo, Gessica Scrocco, Alessio Damora, Laura Giunchi, Paola Gemignani, Annarita Caiazzo, Maria Grazia Gambini, Renato Avesani, Mauro Mancuso, Luigi Trojano, Antonio De Tanti
Published 2017 · Medicine, Psychology
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Verbal reasoning is a complex, multicomponent function, which involves activation of functional processes and neural circuits distributed in both brain hemispheres. Thus, this ability is often impaired after brain injury. The aim of the present study is to describe the construction of a new verbal reasoning test (VRT) for patients with brain injury and to provide normative values in a sample of healthy Italian participants. Three hundred and eighty healthy Italian subjects (193 women and 187 men) of different ages (range 16–75 years) and educational level (primary school to postgraduate degree) underwent the VRT. VRT is composed of seven subtests, investigating seven different domains. Multiple linear regression analysis revealed a significant effect of age and education on the participants’ performance in terms of both VRT total score and all seven subtest scores. No gender effect was found. A correction grid for raw scores was built from the linear equation derived from the scores. Inferential cut-off scores were estimated using a non-parametric technique, and equivalent scores were computed. We also provided a grid for the correction of results by z scores.
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