Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.
← Back to Search

A Comparison Of Reciprocating Flow Versus Constant Flow In An Integrated, Gravel Bed, Aquaponic Test System

Wilson A. Lennard, Brian V. Leonard
Published 2005 ·

Cite This
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Share
Murray cod, Maccullochella peelii peelii, and Green oak lettuce, Lactuca sativa, were used to test for differences between two aquaponic flood regimes; reciprocal flow (hydroponic bed was periodically flooded) and constant flow (hydroponic bed was constantly flooded), in a freshwater aquaponic test system, where plant nutrients were supplied from fish wastes, while plants stripped nutrients from the wastewater before it was returned to the fish. The Murray cod had FCRs and biomass gains that were statistically identical in both systems. Lettuce yields were good and a significantly greater amount of both biomass and yield occurred in the constant flow treatment. Constant flow treatments exhibited greater pH buffering capacity, required fewer bicarbonate (buffer) additions to control pH and maintained lower conductivity levels than reciprocal flow controls. Water consumption in the two systems was statistically identical. Overall, results suggest that a constant flow flooding regime is as good as, or better than, a reciprocating flooding regime in the aquaponic test system used.
This paper references
Water quality characteristics of a closed recirculation system for Tilapia culture and tomato hydroponics
A. Nair (1985)
Integration of vegetable hydroponics with fish culture:a review
J. Rakocy (1993)
10.1577/1548-8659(1978)107<92:UOHTMQ>2.0.CO;2
Use of Hydroponics to Maintain Quality of Recirculated Water in a Fish Culture System
W. M. Lewis (1978)
10.1016/S0044-8486(97)00168-3
Nutrient dynamics in integrated aquaculture–hydroponics systems
D. Seawright (1998)
Recirculating Aquaculture Tank Production Systems Management of Recirculating Systems
M. Masser
Nitrate and ammonium nutrition in plants
L. Salsac (1987)
10.1577/1548-8659(1982)44[55:FOOAFP]2.0.CO;2
Further Observations on a Fish Production System that Incorporates Hydroponically Grown Plants
R. Sutton (1982)
10.1111/J.1749-7345.1997.TB00290.X
Efficiency of Water Use of an Integrated Fish/Vegetable Co‐Culture System
M. McMurtry (1997)
Murray cod aquaculture: now and into the future: outcomes from a project investigating the intensive commercial production of Murray Cod
B. Ingram (2002)
Effect of dissolved oxygen concentration on lettuce growth in floating hydroponics . Proceedings of the International Symposium in Plant Production in Closed Systems
E. Goto (1996)
10.17660/ACTAHORTIC.1996.440.36
Effect of dissolved oxygen concentration on lettuce growth in floating hydroponics.
E. Goto (1996)
10.1016/0044-8486(77)90029-1
Combined production of fish and plants in recirculating water
L. Nägel (1977)
Vegetable hydroponics and fish culture: a productive interphase
J. E. Rakocy (1989)
10.13031/2013.13255
Nutrient fate in aquacultural systems for waste treatment
J. Dontje (1999)
Behaviour and physiology of nitrifying bacteria
J. E. Alleman (2002)
Evaluation of an aquarium with external biofiltration
R. J. Sutton (1983)
The use of the Australian freshwater fish, Murray cod, Maccullochella peelii peelii (Mitchell) in an integrated, freshwater Aquaponic Test System
W. A. Lennard (2003)
10.1104/pp.105.1.3
N Demand and the Regulation of Nitrate Uptake
J. Imsande (1994)
10.2134/JPA1993.0428
Yield of Tomato Irrigated with Recirculating Aquacultural Water
M. McMurtry (1993)
The influence of bicarbonate enrichment and aeration on carbon dioxide and oxygen in NFT nutrient solutions used for lettuce production
D. Wess (1987)
10.1016/0044-8486(84)90290-4
Tropical production of tilapia (Sarotherodon aurea) and tomatoes (Lycopersicon esculentum) in a small-scale recirculating water system
B. J. Watten (1984)
Year round fish and vegetable production in a passive solar greenhouse
P. Burgoon (1984)
10.17660/ACTAHORTIC.1980.98.5
AERATION IN THE NUTRIENT FILM TECHNIQUE OF GLASSHOUSE CROP PRODUCTION AND THE IMPORTANCE OF OXYGEN, ETHYLENE AND CARBON DIOXIDE
M. B. Jackson (1980)



This paper is referenced by
10.18359/RFCB.2230
La acuaponía: una alternativa orientada al desarrollo sostenible.
D. F. Ramírez (2008)
10.3390/SU7044199
Challenges of Sustainable and Commercial Aquaponics
Simon Goddek (2015)
Optimum Stocking Density for Growth of Goldfish, Carassius auratus (Linnaeus, 1758), in an Aquaponic System
Amruta P. Shete (2013)
10.1007/s10499-015-9934-3
Assessing plant growth, water quality and economic effects from application of a plant-based aquafeed in a recirculating aquaponic system
M. Medina (2015)
10.33915/etd.5895
Constraints on the pressure-temperature path for Belt-Purcell Supergroup metapelites from Snow Peak, northern Idaho
S. Johnson (2015)
10.1007/s10499-015-9932-5
Effect of water flow rate on polyculture of koi carp (Cyprinus carpio var. koi) and goldfish (Carassius auratus) with water spinach (Ipomoea aquatica) in recirculating aquaponic system
K. Nuwansi (2015)
10.1007/s10499-017-0114-5
Evaluation of different hydroponic media for mint (Mentha arvensis) with common carp (Cyprinus carpio) juveniles in an aquaponic system
A. Shete (2017)
Organic hydroponics – efficient hydroponic production from organic waste streams
Olle Lind (2017)
10.33915/etd.5894
Aquaponic Production of Lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) Using Effluent from a Cold Water Flow-Through Aquaculture System
G. Johnson (2014)
10.1007/978-3-319-73257-2
Sustainable Aquaculture
P. Edwards (2018)
10.1007/978-3-030-15943-6_7
Coupled aquaponics systems
H. Palm (2019)
Assessing Deep-Water Culture and Sand-Bed Aquaponics Systems for Lettuce (Lactuca sativa) Yield and Water Consumption
L. Salem (2019)
10.1007/s10499-019-00442-x
Efficiency of pumpkin (Cucurbita pepo), sweet wormwood (Artemisia annua) and amaranth (Amaranthus dubius) in removing nutrients from a smallscale recirculating aquaponic system
Z. Gichana (2019)
10.1155/2020/8884070
Metabarcoding Analysis of Bacterial Communities Associated with Media Grow Bed Zones in an Aquaponic System
N. Kasozi (2020)
10.25148/ETD.FI14040848
Effect of Aquafeed on Productivity of Red Amaranth and on Water Quality under Aquaponic Cultivation
M. de Damas Medina (2014)
Significant factors affecting the economic sustainability of closed aquaponic systems. Part III: Plant units.
H. Palm (2015)
Sustainable Backyard Gardening: An Investigation into the Feasibility of Implementing a Small-Scale Aquaponic System for Household Consumption.
Mackenzie Johnson (2016)
Taxonomic characterisation of bacteria communities from water of diversified aquaponic systems
Mathilde Eck (2017)
10.18174/412236
Opportunities and Challenges of Multi-Loop Aquaponic Systems
Simon Goddek (2017)
10.1109/ACCESS.2019.2953491
Equipment and Intelligent Control System in Aquaponics: A Review
Yaoguang Wei (2019)
10.3390/W8100423
Evaluation of Dicentrarchus labrax Meats and the Vegetable Quality of Beta vulgaris var. cicla Farmed in Freshwater and Saltwater Aquaponic Systems
Valentina Nozzi (2016)
The Review of Existing and In-Progress Technologies of the Different Subsystems Required for the Structural and Functional Elements of the Model of Multi-Purpose Aquaponic Production System
ALEXANDRU-CRISTIAN BANDI (2016)
10.1007/978-94-017-7453-6_21
Recirculating Aquaculture Systems (RAS) and Aquaponics for Urban Food Production, with a Pictorial Guide to Aquaponics
M. de Damas Medina (2016)
Aquaponics Productivity Response for Niger Seed Cake (Guizotia Abyssinica) Inclusion and Increased Level of Mineral Supplementation in Fish Diet
Abebe Tadesse (2017)
10.1080/19315260.2017.1319888
Evaluation of Lettuce Between Spring Water, Hydroponic, and Flow-through Aquaponic Systems
Gaylynn E. Johnson (2017)
10.1893/0005-3155(2008)79[92:COLBOA]2.0.CO;2
Research Article: Cultivation of Lemon Basil, Ocimum americanum, in two different hydroponic configurations supplemented with various concentrations of Tilapia aquaculture green water
Alicia Hanson (2008)
10.4081/IJA.2017.1012
Hydroponic systems and water management in aquaponics: a review
C. Maucieri (2017)
Significant factors affecting the economic sustainability of closed aquaponic systems. Part I: system design, chemo-physical parameters and general aspects.
H. Palm (2014)
Vegetable Production in an Integrated Aquaponic System with Stellate Sturgeon and Spinach – Matador variety
S. Petrea (2014)
Phytoremediation of Aquaculture Effluent Using Integrated Aquaculture Production Systems
Jason J. Danaher (2013)
10.20546/ijcmas.2020.905.065
Sustainable Aquaponics System and its Challenges: A Review
R. Mishra (2020)
10.1007/s11356-017-9702-1
Biological nutrient recovery from culturing of pearl gourami (Trichogaster leerii ) by cherry tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) in aquaponic system
Shima Makhdom (2017)
See more
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar