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Schlafdauer Und Übergewicht

S. Hense, O. Bayer
Published 2012 · Psychology

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ZusammenfassungSchlafmangel ist aufgrund seiner vielfältigen Auswirkungen, deren Wirkmechanismen wir erst zu verstehen beginnen, als ernst zu nehmender Risikofaktor mit großer Public-Health-Relevanz zu sehen. Dies wird auch durch die steigende Zahl an Studien belegt, die sich speziell mit der Frage nach dem Zusammenhang zwischen Schlafdauer und Übergewicht befassen. Die vorliegende Arbeit gibt einen Überblick sowohl über den aktuellen Stand der Forschung zu diesem Thema als auch über mögliche biologische Mechanismen. Die Evidenz aus epidemiologischen Studien deutet sowohl bei Kindern als auch bei Erwachsenen auf einen Zusammenhang zwischen kurzer Schlafdauer und Übergewicht hin. Die Ergebnisse bei Kindern sind konsistenter als bei Erwachsenen. Als Ursache für den Zusammenhang werden mehrere Mechanismen diskutiert. Dabei stehen v. a. hormonelle Veränderungen im Fokus. Um Schlaf in eine umfassende Strategie zur Bekämpfung von Übergewicht einbeziehen zu können, sind nun Interventionsstudien erforderlich, die einen potenziellen protektiven Effekt einer verlängerten Schlafdauer untersuchen.AbstractSleep deprivation is considered a serious risk factor with a relevant public health impact due to its multiple effects, which we are just beginning to understand. This is underlined by the growing number of studies in recent decades that have investigated the association between sleep duration and overweight. This review gives an overview of the current state of research and potential biological mechanisms. Evidence from epidemiological studies suggests an association between short sleep duration and overweight in children as well as in adults. Different biological mechanisms have been discussed in this context with a special focus on hormonal changes as the potential mediator. To include sleep in a comprehensive strategy to prevent overweight, interventional studies that analyze the potentially protective effect of prolonged sleep duration are necessary.
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