Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.
Please confirm you are human
(Sign Up for free to never see this)
← Back to Search

Agricultural Management Of Switchgrass For Fuel Quality And Thermal Energy Yield On Highly Erodible Land In The Driftless Area Of Southwest Wisconsin

K. C. Hoagland, M. Ruark, Mark J. Renz, R. Jackson
Published 2013 · Environmental Science

Save to my Library
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Share
Converting row crop production to a perennial grass crop on highly erodible land has numerous benefits. Switchgrass, grown as a biofuel crop, can provide soil conservation benefits as a perennial crop and also provide economic value to the grower. However, little information exists regarding switchgrass management and production on these lands. The objectives of this study were to determine the effect of two management practices, nitrogen (N) fertilizer rate (0, 56, 112, 168, and 224 kg ha−1) and harvest timing (mid-fall, late-fall, and spring), on: (1) dry matter (DM) yield, (2) switchgrass quality components (moisture, ash, and chloride (Cl−) concentrations), and (3) combustion energy content and yield. The study was conducted in 2009 and 2010 on highly erodible lands in the Driftless Area of southwest Wisconsin. Results showed a positive response of switchgrass DM to N fertilizer, with no yield gain above 112 kg ha−1 of N, although application of N increased Cl− concentrations. Harvest timing also affected switchgrass yield, with decreases in yield observed with progressively later harvest timings; this yield decrease was slightly greater compared with previous studies. Progressively later harvest timings led to a decrease in moisture, ash concentration, and Cl− concentration in both years. Energy content of switchgrass was not significantly affected by management. Energy yields, similar to DM yields, were maximized with 112 kg ha−1 of N with a mid-fall harvest. The similarities between this study and other research indicate there is a universal response of switchgrass to N in the northern USA and yields determined in this study indicate that highly erodible lands in the Driftless Area can be used to produce switchgrass at regionally expected yields.
This paper references
10.1016/S0269-7491(01)00262-7
Changes in soil quality and below-ground carbon storage with conversion of traditional agricultural crop lands to bioenergy crop production.
V. R. Tolber (2002)
10.1080/07352680500316433
The Biology and Agronomy of Switchgrass for Biofuels
D. Parrish (2005)
10.1016/S0961-9534(02)00073-9
Biomass yield and quality of 20 switchgrass populations in southern Iowa, USA.
R. Lemus (2002)
10.1007/s12155-010-9108-0
The Economics of Biomass Collection and Transportation and Its Supply to Indiana Cellulosic and Electric Utility Facilities
Sarah C. Brechbill (2010)
10.1023/A:1023625519092
Bioenergy Crop Production in the United States: Potential Quantities, Land Use Changes, and Economic Impacts on the Agricultural Sector
M. E. Walsh (2003)
10.1016/0961-9534(94)90073-6
Biomass energy production in the United States: an overview
W. G. Hohenstein (1994)
Nitrogen fertilization of switchgrass increases biomass yields and improves net greenhouse balance in northern Michigan
P Nikièma (2011)
10.13031/2013.29566
HARVEST AND STORAGE OF TWO PERENNIAL GRASSES AS BIOMASS FEEDSTOCKS
K. Shinners (2010)
10.1016/S0961-9534(97)10066-6
Evaluating environmental consequences of producing herbaceous crops for bioenergy.
S. Mclaughlin (1995)
Nitrogen fertilization of switchgrass increases biomass yields and improves net greenhouse balance in northern Michigan, U.S.A. Biomass Bioenergy
P Nikièma (2011)
10.1016/j.biortech.2009.05.069
Bioenergy from permanent grassland--a review: 2. Combustion.
A. Prochnow (2009)
10.2134/AGRONJ2002.0413
Switchgrass biomass production in the Midwest USA: harvest and nitrogen management.
K. Vogel (2002)
10.1016/J.BIOMBIOE.2010.04.017
Economics of switchgrass and miscanthus relative to coal as feedstock for generating electricity
Sijesh C. Aravindhakshan (2010)
10.1016/S0961-9534(96)00047-5
Harvest of grass for combustion in late summer and in spring
G. Hadders (1997)
10.1016/J.BIOMBIOE.2006.06.011
Chemical properties of solid biofuels¿significance and impact
I. Obernberger (2006)
Regional landscape ecosystems of Michigan, Minnesota and Wisconsin: a working map and classification.
D. Albert (1995)
10.1021/ES900801U
Biofuels, land, and water: a systems approach to sustainability.
G. Gopalakrishnan (2009)
10.1126/science.1161525
Sustainable Biofuels Redux
G. P. Robertson (2008)
10.1016/J.BIOMBIOE.2011.10.018
Effectiveness of weed management methods in establishment of switchgrass and a native species mixture for biofuels in Wisconsin.
J. Miesel (2012)
10.1016/S0378-3820(97)00059-3
Combustion properties of biomass
B. Jenkins (1998)
10.2172/885984
Biomass as Feedstock for A Bioenergy and Bioproducts Industry: The Technical Feasibility of a Billion-Ton Annual Supply
R. D. Perlack (2005)
10.1016/S0378-3820(97)00060-X
The behavior of inorganic material in biomass-fired power boilers: Field and laboratory experiences
L. Baxter (1998)
Energy conservation in corn nitrogen fertilization. PM 2089i
Je Sawyer (2010)
10.2489/JSWC.67.1.17A
Guidelines for sustainable planting and harvest of nonforest biomass in Wisconsin
S. Ventura (2012)
10.1016/J.BIOMBIOE.2003.10.005
A quantitative review comparing the yields of two candidate C4 perennial biomass crops in relation to nitrogen, temperature and water
E. Heaton (2004)
10.1016/0960-8524(95)00176-X
Switchgrass as a sustainable bioenergy crop
M. Sanderson (1996)
10.2134/AGRONJ2005.0351
Biomass Yield and Biofuel Quality of Switchgrass Harvested in Fall or Spring
P. R. Adler (2006)
10.1002/BBB.129
Large‐scale production, harvest and logistics of switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) – current technology and envisioning a mature technology
S. Sokhansanj (2009)
10.2134/AGRONJ2006.0152
Switchgrass and Soil Carbon Sequestration Response to Ammonium Nitrate, Manure, and Harvest Frequency on Conservation Reserve Program Land
D. Lee (2007)
Defining the " Driftless Area
Driftless Area (2005)
Effects of nitrogen fertilization on biomass yield and quality in larger fields of established switchgrass in southern Iowa, USA. Biomass Bioenergy
R Lemus (2008)
10.1016/J.BIOMBIOE.2011.08.006
Nitrogen fertilization of switchgrass increases biomass yield and improves net greenhouse gas balance in northern Michigan, U.S.A.
P. Nikièma (2011)
Effects of nitrogen fertilization on biomass yield and quality in larger fields of established switchgrass in southern Iowa
R Lemus (2008)
10.3390/ijms9050768
Perennial Forages as Second Generation Bioenergy Crops
M. Sanderson (2008)
10.1016/j.biortech.2008.09.058
Genotypic variability in mineral composition of switchgrass.
H. El-Nashaar (2009)
10.2135/CROPSCI2003.2226
Cultivar × Environment Interactions in Switchgrass
M. Casler (2003)
10.1016/S0960-8524(01)00118-3
Energy production from biomass (Part 1): Overview of biomass.
P. McKendry (2002)
Farm Energy: Energy conservation in corn nitrogen fertilization
J. Sawyer (2010)
10.1016/J.BIOMBIOE.2009.01.006
The discrepancy between plot and field yields: Harvest and storage losses of switchgrass
A. Monti (2009)
10.2134/AGRONJ2010.0087
Biomass Production in Switchgrass across the United States: Database Description and Determinants of Yield
S. Wullschleger (2010)
10.1016/J.BIOMBIOE.2004.05.006
Development of switchgrass (Panicum virgatum) as a bioenergy feedstock in the United States.
S. Mclaughlin (2005)
10.1016/J.BIOMBIOE.2008.02.016
Effects of Nitrogen Fertilization on Biomass Yield and Quality in Large Fields of Established Switchgrass in Southern Iowa, USA
R. Lemus (2008)
10.1016/S1161-0301(96)02044-8
Combustion quality of biomass: practical relevance and experiments to modify the biomass quality of Miscanthus x giganteus
I. Lewandowski (1997)
10.1079/PAVSNNR20127037
Switchgrass - practical issues in developing a fuel crop.
Y. Shastri (2012)



This paper is referenced by
10.1080/0194262X.2014.909757
Reviews of Science for Science Librarians: Second-generation Biofuels Feedstock: Crop Wastes, Energy Grasses, and Forest Byproducts
T. Stankus (2014)
10.1007/s12155-017-9848-1
Switchgrass Harvest Progression in the North-Central USA
K. Shinners (2017)
10.7726/AJBB.2014.1006
Biomass Energy Characteristics of Switchgrass Cultivars Grown in New Jersey
Laura M. Cortese (2014)
10.3390/agronomy10081147
Response of Switchgrass Grown for Forage and Bioethanol to Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Potassium on Semiarid Marginal Land
Chaochen Tang (2020)
10.1016/J.FCR.2017.08.019
Lignocellulosic biomass production of Mediterranean wild accessions (Oryzopsis miliacea, Cymbopogon hirtus, Sorghum halepense and Saccharum spontaneum) in a semi-arid environment
D. Scordia (2017)
10.1016/J.INDCROP.2015.06.025
What to harvest when? Autumn, winter, annual and biennial harvesting of giant reed, miscanthus and switchgrass in northern and southern Mediterranean area
A. Monti (2015)
10.1007/s12155-014-9454-4
Switchgrass Response to Cutting Frequency and Biosolids Amendment: Biomass Yield, Feedstock Quality, and Theoretical Ethanol Yield
X. Liu (2014)
10.1016/J.INDCROP.2019.06.002
Trade-off between harvest date and lignocellulosic crop choice for advanced biofuel production in the Mediterranean area
Federica Zanetti (2019)
10.2134/AGRONJ2017.02.0063
Changes in Lignocellulosic Polymers, Carbon, and Energy in Switchgrass for Bioenergy Production
Priya Saini (2017)
10.1016/B978-0-12-805317-1.00015-4
Targeted Use of Perennial Grass Biomass Crops in and Around Annual Crop Production Fields to Improve Soil Health
R. Jackson (2017)
10.2134/AGRONJ15.0066
Insecticide Applications have Minor Effects on Switchgrass Biomass Yield
C. Gratton (2015)
10.1016/J.AGEE.2015.02.006
Nitrogen conservation decreases with fertilizer addition in two perennial grass cropping systems for bioenergy
Laura C. Jach-Smith (2015)
10.7282/T3SX6BG7
Evaluation of switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) as a bioenergy feedstock for the Northeastern and Mid-Atlantic USA
Laura M. Cortese (2014)
10.1016/J.CONBUILDMAT.2014.09.114
Recycling of switchgrass combustion ash in cement: Characteristics and pozzolanic activity with chemical accelerators
Yu Wang (2014)
10.1016/J.SOILBIO.2017.10.009
N addition undermines N supplied by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi to native perennial grasses
Laura C. Jach-Smith (2018)
10.1139/CJPS-2015-0245
Reed canarygrass crop biomass and silage as affected by harvest date and nitrogen fertilization
G. Bélanger (2016)
10.1016/J.BIOMBIOE.2017.03.012
Distribution of switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) aboveground biomass in response to nitrogen addition and across harvest dates
J. Miesel (2017)
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar