Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.
← Back to Search

Bacterial Mechanisms For Cr(VI) Resistance And Reduction: An Overview And Recent Advances

M. Ahemad
Published 2014 · Biology, Medicine

Cite This
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Share
Chromium pollution is increasing incessantly due to continuing industrialization. Of various oxidation states, Cr6+ is very toxic due to its carcinogenic and mutagenic nature. It also has deleterious effects on different microorganisms as well as on plants. Many species of bacteria thriving in the Cr6+-contaminated environments have evolved novel strategies to cope with Cr6+ toxicity. Generally, decreased uptake or exclusion of Cr6+ compounds through the membranes, biosorption, and the upregulation of genes associated with oxidative stress response are some of the resistance mechanisms in bacterial cells to overcome the Cr6+ stress. In addition, bacterial Cr6+ reduction into Cr3+ is also a mechanism of specific significance as it transforms toxic and mobile chromium derivatives into reduced species which are innocuous and immobile. Ecologically, the bacterial trait of reductive immobilization of Cr6+ derivatives is of great advantage in bioremediation. The present review is an effort to underline the bacterial resistance and reducing mechanisms to Cr6+ compounds with recent development in order to garner a broad perspective.
This paper references
10.1016/0162-0134(90)80034-U
One-electron reduction of chromate by NADPH-dependent glutathione reductase.
X. Shi (1990)
10.3923/BIOTECH.2008.149.152
Metal Tolerance and Antibiotic Resistance of Bacillus species Isolated from Sunchon Bay Sediments, South Korea
S. Kamala-Kannan (2008)
10.1038/sj.jim.7000049
Chromate reduction by Rhodobacter sphaeroides
B. B. Nepple (2000)
Pure culture of bacteria using chromates and bichromates as hydrogen acceptors during development under anaerobic conditions
Romanenko Vi (1977)
10.1002/JCTB.2451
Reduction of hexavalent chromium by Bacillus sp. isolated from chromite mine soils and characterization of reduced product.
B. Dhal (2010)
Purification and characterization of NADPH-dependent Cr(VI) reductase from Escherichia coli ATCC 33456.
Woo-Chul Bae (2005)
10.1111/J.1574-6976.1994.TB00115.X
Plasmids for heavy metal resistance in Alcaligenes eutrophus CH34: mechanisms and applications.
J. M. Collard (1994)
10.1016/j.cbi.2010.04.018
Chromium genotoxicity: A double-edged sword.
Kristen P. Nickens (2010)
10.1002/ABIO.200390030
A Soluble Flavoprotein Contributes to Chromate Reduction and Tolerance by Pseudomonas putida
C. Gonzalez (2003)
10.1046/j.1472-765X.1998.00349.x
Isolation, characterization and expression of a plasmid encoding chromate resistance in Pseudomonas putida KT2441
Mondaca (1998)
10.1016/J.BIORTECH.2006.06.011
Reduction of chromate by cell-free extract of Brucella sp. isolated from Cr(VI) contaminated sites.
Urvashi Thacker (2007)
10.5897/AJMR12.143
Hexavalent chromium reduction by metal resistant and halotolerant Planococcus maritimus VITP21
S. Subramanian (2012)
10.1016/J.GCA.2006.10.007
Microbial reduction of chromium from the hexavalent to divalent state
T. Daulton (2007)
10.1128/AEM.59.11.3771-3777.1993
Characterization of enzymatic reduction of hexavalent chromium by Escherichia coli ATCC 33456.
H. Shen (1993)
10.1111/j.1365-2672.2007.03429.x
Aerobic Cr(VI) reduction by Thermus scotoductus strain SA‐01
D. Opperman (2007)
10.1016/j.chemosphere.2011.11.031
Hexavalent chromium reduction and plant growth promotion by Staphylococcusarlettae strain Cr11.
S. Sagar (2012)
10.1186/1471-2180-10-1
Molecular characterization of Legionella pneumophila-induced interleukin-8 expression in T cells
R. Takamatsu (2009)
10.1100/tsw.2002.154
Chromate Reduction in Serratia marcescens Isolated from Tannery Effluent and Potential Application for Bioremediation of Chromate Pollution
M.A. Mondaca (2002)
10.1128/AEM.70.2.873-882.2004
Chromate-Reducing Properties of Soluble Flavoproteins from Pseudomonas putida and Escherichia coli
D. Ackerley (2004)
10.1007/s13213-010-0123-3
Cicer arietinum growth promotion by Ochrobactrum intermedium and Bacillus cereus in the presence of CrCl3 and K2CrO4
S. Riaz (2010)
10.1007/s13213-011-0372-9
Cr(VI) reduction by Enterococcus gallinarum isolated from tannery waste-contaminated soil
Hanane Sayel (2011)
10.1128/JB.171.9.5065-5070.1989
Cloning and expression of plasmid genes encoding resistances to chromate and cobalt in Alcaligenes eutrophus.
A. Nies (1989)
Use of immobilized cells of bacteria in the process of purification of waste water containing chlorates and chromates
Smirnova Gf (2006)
10.1007/s10529-013-1200-z
Chromate reduction is expedited by bacteria engineered to produce the compatible solute trehalose
Tamlyn M. Frederick (2013)
10.1016/j.jhazmat.2007.11.100
The MAK-collection for Occupational Health and Safety. Part 1. MAK Value Documentations, vol. 24, H. Greim (Ed.). Wiley–VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany (2007), 200 pp., Price: US$ 150.00, ISBN: 978-3-527-31594-9
G. Bennett (2008)
10.1016/0168-9452(95)04230-R
Chromium accumulation and its effects on wheat (Triticum aestivum L. cv. HD 2204) metabolism
D. Sharma (1995)
10.1128/JB.181.23.7398-7400.1999
Chromate efflux by means of the ChrA chromate resistance protein from Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
A. H. Álvarez (1999)
10.1080/10889860290777567
Effect of Carbon and Energy Source on Bacterial Chromate Reduction
W. A. Smith (2002)
10.1128/AEM.60.2.726-728.1994
Reduction of Chromate by Desulfovibrio vulgaris and Its c(3) Cytochrome.
D. Lovley (1994)
10.1128/AEM.69.8.4390-4395.2003
Vibrio harveyi Nitroreductase Is Also a Chromate Reductase
Young Hak Kwak (2003)
10.1007/s12088-011-0095-4
Isolation and Characterization of Chromium(VI)-Reducing Bacteria from Tannery Effluents
M. Ilias (2011)
Nucleotide sequence and expression of a plasmid-encoded chromate resistance determinant form Alcaligenes eutrophus
A Nies (1990)
10.4014/JMB.1108.08029
Hexavalent chromium reduction by bacteria from tannery effluent.
R. Batool (2012)
10.1111/j.1742-4658.2007.06141.x
Phylogenetic analysis of the chromate ion transporter (CHR) superfamily
C. Díaz-Pérez (2007)
Chromate efflux
AH Alvarez (1999)
10.1016/S0168-6496(03)00232-0
Microbial community structure and activity in arsenic-, chromium- and copper-contaminated soils.
R. Turpeinen (2004)
10.1016/J.IBIOD.2012.05.026
Improved biosorption for Cr(VI) reduction and removal by Arthrobacter viscosus using zeolite
Bruna Silva (2012)
A pure culture of bacteria utilizing chromate and dichromate as hydrogen acceptors in growth under anaerobic conditions
VI Romanenko (1977)
10.1074/jbc.M501654200
ChrR, a Soluble Quinone Reductase of Pseudomonas putida That Defends against H2O2*
C. Gonzalez (2005)
10.1007/s11356-012-1101-z
Pentachlorophenol dechlorination and simultaneous Cr6+ reduction by Pseudomonas putida SKG-1 MTCC (10510): characterization of PCP dechlorination products, bacterial structure, and functional groups
S. Garg (2012)
10.1021/ES048967G
Formation of soluble organo-chromium(III) complexes after chromate reduction in the presence of cellular organics.
G. Puzon (2005)
10.1111/j.1574-6968.2008.01220.x
Expression of chromate resistance genes from Shewanella sp. strain ANA-3 in Escherichia coli.
Esther Aguilar-Barajas (2008)
10.1093/toxsci/kfq263
Exposure to hexavalent chromium resulted in significantly higher tissue chromium burden compared with trivalent chromium following similar oral doses to male F344/N rats and female B6C3F1 mice.
B. J. Collins (2010)
10.5772/24311
Biological Cr(VI) Reduction: Microbial Diversity, Kinetics and Biotechnological Solutions to Pollution
E. Chirwa (2011)
10.1046/J.1432-1033.2003.03957.X
Isolation and biochemical characterization of two soluble iron(III) reductases from Paracoccus denitrificans.
J. Mazoch (2004)
10.1007/s13213-011-0224-7
Aerobic chromium(VI) reduction by chromium-resistant bacteria isolated from activated sludge
Paul Fabrice Nguema (2011)
10.1002/CITE.201200144
Chromate Reduction in Anaerobic Systems by Bacterial Strain Pseudomonas aeruginosa CRM100
D. Salamanca (2013)
Identification of bacterial strains from tannery effluent and reduction of hexavalent chromium
S. Farag (2010)
10.1007/s00203-010-0622-4
Chromate reductase activity of the Paracoccusdenitrificans ferric reductase B (FerB) protein and its physiological relevance
Vojtěch Sedláček (2010)
Characterization of chromium remediating bacterium Bacillus subtilis isolated from electroplating effluent .
Seema Tharannum (2012)
10.1007/s00775-010-0734-y
Chromium is not an essential trace element for mammals: effects of a “low-chromium” diet
Kristin R. Di Bona (2010)
Bioreduction of chromate by immobilized cells of Halomonas sp
S. Murugavelh (2012)
10.1007/s11356-013-1493-4
Cr(VI) sorption by free and immobilised chromate-reducing bacterial cells in PVA–alginate matrix: equilibrium isotherms and kinetic studies
Monica Rawat (2013)
10.1371/journal.pone.0042432
Structure Determination and Functional Analysis of a Chromate Reductase from Gluconacetobacter hansenii
Hongjun Jin (2012)
10.1007/s10534-007-9121-8
Mechanisms of bacterial resistance to chromium compounds
M. I. Ramírez-Díaz (2007)
One - electron reduction of chromate by NADPHdependent glutathione reductase
Y Shi
10.1007/s00253-012-4361-0
Distinct and effective biotransformation of hexavalent chromium by a novel isolate under aerobic growth followed by facultative anaerobic incubation
Shimei Ge (2012)
10.1007/978-3-540-69771-8
Molecular microbiology of heavy metals
D. Nies (2007)
10.5897/AJB11.3026
Hexavalent chromium reduction by novel chromate resistant alkaliphilic Bacillus sp. strain KSUCr9a
A. S. Ibrahim (2012)
10.1023/A:1008358816529
Aerobic chromate reduction by Bacillus subtilis
C. Garbisu (2004)
10.1002/ABIO.200390024
Aerobic and Anaerobic Reduction of Cr(VI) by Shewanella oneidensis Effects of Cationic Metals, Sorbing Agents and Mixed Microbial Cultures
K. Lowe (2003)
10.1007/978-3-642-01979-1
Microbial Strategies for Crop Improvement
M. S. Khan (2009)
Nucleotide sequence and expression of a plasmid-encoded chromate resistance determinant from Alcaligenes eutrophus.
A. Nies (1990)
10.1111/J.1574-6968.2002.TB11274.X
Efflux of chromate by Pseudomonas aeruginosa cells expressing the ChrA protein.
Betzabe E Pimentel (2002)
10.1016/J.JHAZMAT.2006.12.017
Biosorption of chromium and nickel by heavy metal resistant fungal and bacterial isolates.
Shankar Congeevaram (2007)
Folia Microbiol
(2014)
10.1002/JCTB.3994
Potential of newly isolated bacterial strains for simultaneous removal of hexavalent chromium and reactive black‐5 azo dye from tannery effluent
Shahid Mahmood (2013)
10.1128/JB.01766-07
A novel chromate reductase from Thermus scotoductus SA-01 related to old yellow enzyme.
D. Opperman (2008)
ISOLATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF CHROMIUM REMOVING BACTERIA FROM TANNERY EFFLUENT DISPOSAL SITE
1 Smrithi (2012)
10.1006/BBRC.2000.2727
Characterization of large plasmids encoding resistance to toxic heavy metals in Salmonella abortus equi.
A. Ghosh (2000)
10.1074/JBC.274.49.34974
Role of Reactive Oxygen Species and p53 in Chromium(VI)-induced Apoptosis*
J. Ye (1999)
10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.610-613.1789
Promoting Influence of Organic Carbon Source on Chromate Reduction by Bacillus sp.
W. H. Xu (2012)
10.1128/AEM.56.7.2268-2270.1990
Chromium reduction in Pseudomonas putida.
Y. Ishibashi (1990)
10.1007/s00253-002-1091-8
Bioremediation of chromate: thermodynamic analysis of the effects of Cr(VI) on sulfate-reducing bacteria
B. Chardin (2002)
Role of Folia Microbiol (2014) 59:321–332 reactive oxygen species and p53 in chromium(VI)-induced apoptosis
J Ye (1999)
Bioreduction based Bioremediation of Hexavalent Chromium Cr (VI) through Potential Indigenous Microbes
A. Das (2009)
Isolation of chromium resistant Bacillus sp. MRKV and reduction of hexavalent chromium potassium dichromate
J. Chandhuru (2012)
10.1128/AEM.66.5.1788-1795.2000
Purification to Homogeneity and Characterization of a Novel Pseudomonas putida Chromate Reductase
C. H. Park (2000)
Toxic chromate reduction by resistant
improvement. Springer (2012)
A Soluble Flavoprotein Contributes to Chromate Reduction and Tolerance by Pseudomonas putida
A. (2003)
10.1128/JB.188.9.3371-3381.2006
Effect of chromate stress on Escherichia coli K-12.
D. Ackerley (2006)
10.1007/978-1-4614-1463-6
Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
P. D. Voogt (2007)
Effects of chromate stress on Escherichia coli K-12
D F Ackerley (2006)
10.1016/J.BIORTECH.2006.02.023
Isolation and characterization of Cr(VI) reducing Cellulomonas spp. from subsurface soils: implications for long-term chromate reduction.
S. Viamajala (2007)
10.1016/J.BIORTECH.2007.08.059
Comparison of in vitro Cr(VI) reduction by CFEs of chromate resistant bacteria isolated from chromate contaminated soil.
A. Sarangi (2008)
10.1016/J.APSOIL.2006.03.003
Response of microbial communities to different doses of chromate in soil microcosms
C. Viti (2006)
10.1385/ABAB:102-103:1-6:005
Effect of ecological factors on conjugal transfer of chromium-resistant plasmid in Escherichia coli isolated from tannery effluent
T. Verma (2002)
10.1016/0014-5793(90)80539-U
NADPH‐dependent flavoenzymes catalyze one electron reduction of metal ions and molecular oxygen and generate hydroxyl radicals
X. Shi (1990)
Isolation , screening and molecular characterization of chromium reducing Cr ( VI ) Pseudomonas species
R Jayalakshmi (2012)
IMPLICATIONS OF BACTERIAL RESISTANCE AGAINST HEAVY METALS IN BIOREMEDIATION: A REVIEW
M. Ahemad (2012)
10.1111/J.1574-6976.2001.TB00581.X
Interactions of chromium with microorganisms and plants.
C. Cervantes (2001)
10.1111/j.1365-2672.2009.04326.x
Genetic correlation between chromium resistance and reduction in Bacillus brevis isolated from tannery effluent
T. Verma (2009)
10.1016/j.chemosphere.2011.11.013
Effect of fungicides on plant growth promoting activities of phosphate solubilizing Pseudomonasputida isolated from mustard (Brassica compestris) rhizosphere.
M. Ahemad (2012)
Chromium and its compounds [MAK Value Documentation
Mak (1992)
10.1007/s13213-012-0571-z
Multi-metal biosorption and bioaccumulation by Exiguobacterium sp. ZM-2
M. Z. Alam (2012)
Microbial reduction of chromate. In: Lovley DR (ed) Environmental microbe-metal interactions
YT Wang (2000)
10.1021/TX010096Q
Genotoxicity of trivalent chromium in bacterial cells. Possible effects on DNA topology.
A. Plaper (2002)
10.1186/1471-2180-10-221
Characterization and genomic analysis of chromate resistant and reducing Bacillus cereus strain SJ1
Minyan He (2010)
10.1046/j.1365-2672.2002.01591.x
Diversity of chromium‐resistant and ‐reducing bacteria in a chromium‐contaminated activated sludge
R. Francisco (2002)
10.1021/es100198v
Bioremediation of Cr(VI) and immobilization as Cr(III) by Ochrobactrum anthropi.
Y. Cheng (2010)
10.3923/BJ.2012.12.21
Bioaccumulation of Heavy Metals by Zinc Resistant Bacteria Isolated from Agricultural Soils Irrigated with Wastewater
M. Ahemad (2012)
10.1016/J.MICRES.2006.09.008
Anaerobic reduction of hexavalent chromium by bacterial cells of Achromobacter sp. Strain Ch1.
Wenjie Zhu (2008)
10.1128/9781555818098.CH10
Microbial Reduction of Chromate
Yi-tin Wang (2000)
10.1111/J.1574-6968.2006.00386.X
Membrane topology of the chromate transporter ChrA of Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
Rafael Jiménez-Mejía (2006)
10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.295-298.74
Isolation of Cr(VI) Resistant Bacteria and Exploration of Cr(VI) Removal Mechanism of Strain N-9
Z. Lu (2013)
10.1074/mcp.M500394-MCP200
Molecular Dynamics of the Shewanella oneidensis Response to Chromate Stress*S
S. Brown (2006)
10.1128/AEM.02496-12
Genomic and Physiological Characterization of the Chromate-Reducing, Aquifer-Derived Firmicute Pelosinus sp. Strain HCF1
H. Beller (2012)
10.1016/S0169-4332(02)00550-0
Oxidation state of chromium associated with cell surfaces of Shewanella oneidensis during chromate reduction
A. L. Neal (2002)
10.4014/JMB.1203.03063
Enhancing the hexavalent chromium bioremediation potential of Acinetobacter junii VITSUKMW2 using statistical design experiments.
Mrudula Pulimi (2012)
10.1007/s00449-011-0668-y
Identification and hexavalent chromium reduction characteristics of Pannonibacter phragmitetus
Y. Shi (2011)
10.1016/J.IBIOD.2006.05.002
Mechanism of hexavalent chromium detoxification by microorganisms and bioremediation application potential: A review
K. H. Cheung (2007)
10.1128/jb.180.21.5799-5802.1998
CHR, a novel family of prokaryotic proton motive force-driven transporters probably containing chromate/sulfate antiporters.
D. Nies (1998)
10.1007/BF00422281
Chromate resistance and reduction in Pseudomonas fluorescens strain LB300
L. Bopp (2004)
10.1128/JB.172.1.287-291.1990
Cloning, nucleotide sequence, and expression of the chromate resistance determinant of Pseudomonas aeruginosa plasmid pUM505.
C. Cervantes (1990)
10.1128/9781555818098
Environmental Microbe-Metal Interactions
D. Lovley (2000)
Membrane-Associated Hexavalent Chromium Reductase of Bacillus megaterium TKW3 with Induced Expression
K. H. Cheung (2006)
10.1007/7171_2006_087
Reduction and Efflux of Chromate by Bacteria
C. Cervantes (2007)
10.1002/ETC.5620120806
Chemical transformation of toxic metals by a Psuedomonas strain from a toxic waste site
D. Choate (1991)
10.4014/JMB.1110.10073
Characteristics of a novel Acinetobacter sp. and its kinetics in hexavalent chromium bioreduction.
M. Narayani (2012)
10.1128/JB.00289-08
The chromate-inducible chrBACF operon from the transposable element TnOtChr confers resistance to chromium(VI) and superoxide.
R. Branco (2008)
Multi-metal biosorption and bioaccumula
MZ Ann Microbiol 62113–121 Alam (2013)
10.1002/jobm.200800046
Chromate resistance, transport and bioreduction by Exiguobacterium sp. ZM‐2 isolated from agricultural soil irrigated with tannery effluent
M. Z. Alam (2008)
10.2166/wst.2011.021
Biological removal of cationic fission products from nuclear wastewater.
N. Ngwenya (2011)
10.1007/s00203-004-0665-5
New genes involved in chromate resistance in Ralstonia metallidurans strain CH34
S. Juhnke (2004)
10.1128/AEM.00813-06
Global Molecular and Morphological Effects of 24-Hour Chromium(VI) Exposure on Shewanella oneidensis MR-1
K. Chourey (2006)
10.1007/s00128-008-9442-5
Chromium Tolerance and Reduction Potential of a Bacillus sp.ev3 Isolated from Metal Contaminated Wastewater
A. Rehman (2008)
10.1007/s13205-011-0038-0
Reduction of hexavalent chromium by Ochrobactrum intermedium BCR400 isolated from a chromium-contaminated soil
B. Kavita (2011)
10.1128/JB.174.16.5340-5345.1992
NAD(P)H-dependent chromium (VI) reductase of Pseudomonas ambigua G-1: a Cr(V) intermediate is formed during the reduction of Cr(VI) to Cr(III).
T. Suzuki (1992)
10.1128/AEM.68.1.326-334.2002
Spatial and Resource Factors Influencing High Microbial Diversity in Soil
J. Zhou (2002)
10.1002/3527600418.BI292188E0011
Organophosphates (chlorpyrifos, diazinon, fenitrothion, fenthion, malathion) [Biomonitoring Methods, 2007]
E. Berger-Preiss (2012)
10.1128/JB.187.24.8437-8449.2005
Whole-genome transcriptional analysis of heavy metal stresses in Caulobacter crescentus.
P. Hu (2005)
10.1371/journal.pone.0036017
Crystal Structure of ChrR—A Quinone Reductase with the Capacity to Reduce Chromate
S. Eswaramoorthy (2012)
10.1111/j.1574-6968.2007.01063.x
A membrane-associated protein with Cr(VI)-reducing activity from Thermus scotoductus SA-01.
D. Opperman (2008)
1990b) One-electron reduction of chromate by NADPHdependent glutathione reductase
X Shi (1990)
10.1007/978-3-642-01979-1_15
Factors Affecting the Variation of Microbial Communities in Different Agro-Ecosystems
M. Ahemad (2009)
10.1016/j.jhazmat.2008.07.041
Isolation and characterization of a Cr(VI)-reduction Ochrobactrum sp. strain CSCr-3 from chromium landfill.
Zhiguo He (2009)
10.1007/S11274-009-0047-X
Removal of toxic chromate using free and immobilized Cr(VI)-reducing bacterial cells of Intrasporangium sp. Q5-1
J. Yang (2009)
10.1021/TX700198A
Genetic and epigenetic mechanisms in metal carcinogenesis and cocarcinogenesis: nickel, arsenic, and chromium.
K. Salnikow (2008)
10.1007/s002530051457
Microbial heavy-metal resistance
D. Nies (1999)
10.1111/J.1462-2920.2004.00639.X
Mechanism of chromate reduction by the Escherichia coli protein, NfsA, and the role of different chromate reductases in minimizing oxidative stress during chromate reduction.
D. Ackerley (2004)
10.1007/s11099-008-0062-4
Effects of chromium toxicity on leaf photosynthetic characteristics and oxidative changes in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)
D. Subrahmanyam (2008)
10.1007/s00284-005-0048-4
Reduction of Hexavalent Chromium by Cell-Free Extract of Bacillus sphaericus AND 303 Isolated from Serpentine Soil
Arundhati Pal (2005)
10.1128/JB.180.2.422-425.1998
Conversion of NfsA, the major Escherichia coli nitroreductase, to a flavin reductase with an activity similar to that of Frp, a flavin reductase in Vibrio harveyi, by a single amino acid substitution.
S. Zenno (1998)
10.1007/s13213-011-0235-4
Toxic chromate reduction by resistant and sensitive bacteria isolated from tannery effluent contaminated soil
M. Z. Alam (2011)
[Use of immobilized cells of bacteria in the process of purification of waste water containing chlorates and chromates].
G. Smirnova (2006)
Structure determination and functional analysis of a chromate reductase from Gluconacetobacter hansenii. PLoS One
H Jin (2012)
10.1007/s10534-011-9446-1
Chromium resistance strategies and toxicity: what makes Ochrobactrum tritici 5bvl1 a strain highly resistant
P. Morais (2011)
10.1016/S0010-8545(00)00408-2
Studies on the genotoxicity of chromium: from the test tube to the cell
R. Codd (2001)
Toxicity of Cr(III) to Shewanella sp. strain MR-4 during Cr(VI) reduction
R Bencheikh-Latmani (2007)
10.1007/s00792-012-0464-x
Hexavalent chromate reduction by alkaliphilic Amphibacillus sp. KSUCr3 is mediated by copper-dependent membrane-associated Cr(VI) reductase
A. S. Ibrahim (2012)
10.1590/S1517-83822013000100045
Hexavalent chromium reduction by aerobic heterotrophic bacteria indigenous to chromite mine overburden
Satarupa Dey (2013)
10.1007/S00244-005-0068-X
Evaluation of Aquatic Toxicities of Chromium and Chromium-Containing Effluents in Reference to Chromium Electroplating Industries
A. Baral (2006)
10.1016/J.MRFMMM.2005.05.018
Involvement of DNA helicases in chromate resistance by Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1.
Alma T Miranda (2005)
10.1007/s11356-012-1178-4
In vitro Cr(VI) reduction by cell-free extracts of chromate-reducing bacteria isolated from tannery effluent irrigated soil
S. Soni (2012)
Antioxidative efficiency of Triticum aestivum L. exposed to chromium stress.
S. K. Dey (2009)
10.1128/AEM.67.4.1517-1521.2001
Relationship of Hydrogen Bioavailability to Chromate Reduction in Aquifer Sediments
T. Marsh (2001)
10.1016/S1369-703X(01)00116-4
Factors affecting chromium(VI) reduction by Thiobacillus ferrooxidans
M. QuiIntana (2001)
10.1080/10643389891254214
Microbial Chromium (VI) Reduction
J. Chen (1998)



This paper is referenced by
Remoción de cromo hexavalente de aguas residuales con microorganismos adaptados a medios ricos en cromo
Eliana Marcela Soto Rueda (2017)
10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.125521
Amelioration of chromium and heat stresses in Sorghum bicolor by Cr6+ reducing-thermotolerant plant growth promoting bacteria.
L. Bruno (2019)
10.1016/j.ecoenv.2019.110001
Simultaneous reduction of nitrate and Cr(VI) by Pseudomonas aeruginosa strain G12 in wastewater.
Qiang An (2019)
Hexavalent Chromium Removal from Aqueous Solution by Mangifera indica Shell
Leticia Torres Rodríguez (2015)
10.1088/1755-1315/108/4/042096
Study on the DNA-protein crosslinks induced by chromium (VI) in SPC-A1
Y. Liu (2018)
As(III) oxidation and Cr(VI) reduction insight in an indigenous mixed culture of anaerobic bacteria from a local environment
Tony Ebuka Igboamalu (2017)
10.31031/mcda.2019.04.000584
Biosorption of Chromium (VI) in Aqueous Solution by Ananas comosus Biomass Shell
I. Acosta-Rodríguez (2019)
10.1007/978-981-15-3028-9
Microbial Versatility in Varied Environments: Microbes in Sensitive Environments
R. Singh (2020)
10.1038/s41598-017-15588-y
Copper (II) binding of NAD(P)H- flavin oxidoreductase (NfoR) enhances its Cr (VI)-reducing ability
Huawen Han (2017)
10.1016/j.biortech.2016.09.037
Simultaneous aerobic denitrification and Cr(VI) reduction by Pseudomonas brassicacearum LZ-4 in wastewater.
X. Yu (2016)
10.1080/10934529.2020.1826791
Enrichment of microbial communities for hexavalent chromium removal using a biofilm reactor.
M. Aoki (2020)
Removal of chromium (VI) in aqueous solution by oat biomass (Avena sativa) Remoción de cromo (VI) en solución acuosa por biomasa de avena (Avena sativa)
Nancy Cecilia Pacheco-Castillo (2017)
10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.05.438
Response of Cupriavidus basilensis B-8 to CuO nanoparticles enhances Cr(VI) reduction.
X. Yan (2019)
10.1007/s10529-016-2057-8
Simultaneous Cr(VI) reduction and Zn(II) biosorption by Stenotrophomonas sp. and constitutive expression of related genes
Shimei Ge (2016)
10.1155/2019/5135017
Recognition of a New Cr(VI)-Reducing Strain and Study of the Potential Capacity for Reduction of Cr(VI) of the Strain
Chunyong Wang (2019)
10.1039/c9mt00089e
Proteomic response of marine-derived Staphylococcus cohnii #NIOSBK35 to varying Cr(vi) concentrations.
S. Shah (2019)
10.1016/j.envint.2019.05.016
Formation mechanism of organo-chromium (III) complexes from bioreduction of chromium (VI) by Aeromonas hydrophila.
Xue-Na Huang (2019)
Remoción de Cromo (VI) por una Cepa de Aspergillus niger Resistente a Cromato
Manuel Nava (2015)
10.1007/s12088-017-0668-y
Improved Sprouting and Growth of Mung Plants in Chromate Contaminated Soils Treated with Marine Strains of Staphylococcus Species
E. Pereira (2017)
Biosorption of Chromium (VI) in Aqueous Solution by Ananas comosus Biomass Shell
Acosta Rodríguez (2019)
10.1007/s10811-018-1716-7
Cr(VI) mediated hydrolysis of algae cell walls to release TOC for enhanced biotransformation of Cr(VI) by a culture of Cr(VI) reducing bacteria
M. M. Roestorff (2019)
10.1016/J.CEJ.2019.04.085
Cr(VI) reductase activity locates in the cytoplasm of Aeribacillus pallidus BK1, a novel Cr(VI)-reducing thermophile isolated from Tengchong geothermal region, China
Y. Ma (2019)
10.1139/ER-2017-0045
BIOTRANSFORMATION AND REMOVAL OF HEAVY METALS: A REVIEW OF PHYTO AND MICROBIAL REMEDIATION ASSESSMENT ON CONTAMINATED SOIL
C. U. Emenike (2018)
10.1007/s11356-019-06017-w
Cr(VI) removal performance from aqueous solution by Pseudomonas sp. strain DC-B3 isolated from mine soil: characterization of both Cr(VI) bioreduction and total Cr biosorption processes
Junjun Chang (2019)
10.5772/60660
Hexavalent Chromium (VI) Removal by Penicillium sp. IA-01
I. Acosta-Rodríguez (2015)
10.1007/978-981-32-9664-0_2
Rhizoremediation: A Sustainable Approach to Improve the Quality and Productivity of Polluted Soils
Isha Mishra (2019)
10.28940/terra.v38i1.430
Aislamiento e identificación de bacterias tolerantes y bioacumuladoras de metales pesados, obtenidas de los jales mineros El Fraile, México
Erubiel Toledo-Hernández (2020)
Cr(VI) detoxification characteristics of salt-tolerant Staphylococcus sp. YZ-1 and Bacillus cereus CC-1
Yang Zhong (2020)
Isolation and characterization of carcinogenic chromium reducing Pseudomonas aeruginosa from water of Buriganga river
S.M. Saiful Islam Badhon (2019)
10.1155/2019/5785387
Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) and Response Surface Methodology (RSM) Approach for Modelling the Optimization of Chromium (VI) Reduction by Newly Isolated Acinetobacter radioresistens Strain NS-MIE from Agricultural Soil
Nur Syuhadah Ram Talib (2019)
10.20546/IJCMAS.2016.511.053
Study of Genetic Determinants of Nickel and Cadmium Resistance in Bacteria-A Review
S. Maitra (2016)
10.1016/j.ecoenv.2019.109792
Mechanisms of Cr(VI) reduction by Bacillus sp. CRB-1, a novel Cr(VI)-reducing bacterium isolated from tannery activated sludge.
Y. Zhu (2019)
See more
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar