Production, Activation, And Applications Of Biochar In Recent Times
Anil Kumar Sakhiya, Abhijeet Anand, Priyanka Kaushal
Published 2020 · Chemistry
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Abstract Biomass is a green energy source and is available in abundance. Biochar is a carbon-rich material derived from a wide range of biomass or organic waste through the thermochemical route. Biochar has received increasing attention because of its distinctive properties such as high carbon content, greater specific surface area, cation exchange capacity, nutrient retention capacity, and stable structure. This review paper extensively studies and reports the different pyrolysis processes, reactor types, the effect of process parameters on biochar yield, and its physicochemical properties, biochar activation methods, and applications. It also details the status of the research and development (R&D) progress in biochar production through conventional and advanced technologies. The study found that unlike many products (at R&D stage) biochar has high potential to scale up and has a direct impact on crop yield, water purification (for domestic and industrial application), alternative fuels (clean solid fuel for cookstove), air purification, catalyst, biogas production, purification, and storage. In addition, the paper lists the merits and challenges in the novel biochar applications like hydrogen storage, electrochemical capacitor, and fuel cell technology. Graphic abstract
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Interactions of aluminum with biochars and oxidized biochars: implications for the biochar aging process.
Linbo Qian (2014)
Biochar as a Fuel: 4. Emission Behavior and Characteristics of PM1 and PM10 from the Combustion of Pulverized Biochar in a Drop-Tube Furnace
Xiangpeng Gao (2011)
Hydrogel-Biochar composites for effective organic contaminant removal from aqueous media
Necdet Karakoyun (2011)
State-of-the-Art of Fast Pyrolysis in IEA Bioenergy Member Countries
Dietrich Meier (2013)
Effect of compression ratio on the performance and combustion of a biogas fuelled spark ignition engine
Ekambaram Porpatham (2012)
Microwave Pyrolysis of Corn Cob and Characteristics of the Pyrolytic Chars
Fei Yu (2010)
Remediation of As(III) and Cd(II) co-contamination and its mechanism in aqueous systems by a novel calcium-based magnetic biochar.
Jianjun Wu (2018)
Novel biochar-concrete composites: Manufacturing, characterization and evaluation of the mechanical properties.
Ali Akhtar (2018)
Mechanisms of biomass pyrolysis studied by combining a fixed bed reactor with advanced gas analysis
Yann Le Brech (2016)
Fast pyrolysis of lignocellulosics in a twin screw mixer reactor
Edmund Henrich (2016)
Experimental investigation of pyrolysis of rice straw using bench-scale auger, batch and fluidized bed reactors
Hyungseok Nam (2015)
Biochar-based nano-composites for the decontamination of wastewater: A review.
Xiao-fei Tan (2016)
Influence of catalyst types on the microwave-induced pyrolysis of sewage sludge
Ying Yu (2014)
Activated carbons for the adsorption of ibuprofen
Ana S. Mestre (2007)
Preparation of activated carbon from forest and agricultural residues through CO2 activation
Tengyan Zhang (2004)
Characterization of cadmium removal from aqueous solution by biochar produced from a giant Miscanthus at different pyrolytic temperatures.
Woong-Ki Kim (2013)
Comparison of slow and fast pyrolysis for converting biomass into fuel
Saleh Al Arni (2017)
Removal characteristics of copper by marine macro-algae-derived chars
Hye Jung Cho (2013)
One step forward toward characterization: some important material properties to distinguish biochars.
Sonja Schimmelpfennig (2012)
Microwave pyrolysis of straw bale and energy balance analysis
Xiqiang Zhao (2011)
The removal of low concentration formaldehyde over sewage sludge char treated using various methods
Ji Young Lee (2011)
Effect of compression ratio on the performance and combustion of a biogas fuelled spark ignition engine. Fuel 95:247–256
E Porpatham (2012)
Global alliance for clean cookstoves protocol
Effect of low-temperature pyrolysis conditions on biochar for agricultural use.
Julia W. Gaskin (2008)
Biochar colloids and their use in contaminants removal
Salman Safari (2019)
Relative distribution of Pb2+ sorption mechanisms by sludge-derived biochar.
Huanliang Lu (2012)
Liquid-phase adsorption of phenols using activated carbons derived from agricultural waste material.
Kunwar P. Singh (2008)
Nanoparticles from food waste: a "green" future for traditional building materials
Luciana Restuccia (2016)
Co-composting of poultry manure mixtures amended with biochar - The effect of biochar on temperature and C-CO2 emission.
Wojciech Czekała (2016)
Textural and chemical properties of swine-manure-derived biochar pertinent to its potential use as a soil amendment.
Wen-Tien Tsai (2012)
Biochar to reduce ammonia emissions in gaseous and liquid phase during composting of poultry manure with wheat straw.
Damian Janczak (2017)
Carbon dioxide capture using various metal oxyhydroxide–biochar composites
Anne Elise Creamer (2016)
Microwave pyrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass: Heating performance and reaction kinetics
Yu-Fong Huang (2016)
Biomass derived hierarchical porous carbons as high-performance anodes for sodium-ion batteries
Huanlei Wang (2016)
Characterization of slow pyrolysis biochars: effects of feedstocks and pyrolysis temperature on biochar properties.
Stefanie Kloss (2012)
Catalytic esterification of fatty acids using solid acid catalysts generated from biochar and activated carbon
James R. Kastner (2012)
Iron nanoparticles in situ encapsulated in biochar-based carbon as an effective catalyst for the conversion of biomass-derived syngas to liquid hydrocarbons
Qiangu Yan (2013)
Biochar production potential in Ghana—A review
Moses Hensley Duku (2011)
Adsorption of Cu(II) by biochars generated from three crop straws
Xue-jiao Tong (2011)
Biofuels Production through Biomass Pyrolysis —A Technological Review
Mohammad I. Jahirul (2012)
The low-temperature SCR of NO over rice straw and sewage sludge derived char
Jin Sun Cha (2010)
Slow pyrolysis of olive stones in a rotary kiln: Chemical and energy characterization of solid, gas, and condensable products
Paula Sangines (2015)
Experimenal research on mechanical properties of biochar-added cementitious mortars
B Belletti (2013)
Ag/Biochar composite for supercapacitor electrodes
Lia Kouchachvili (2017)
Characterization of biochars produced from oil palm and rice husks and their adsorption capacities for heavy metals
Abd Wahid Samsuri (2013)
An Assessment of U(VI) removal from groundwater using biochar produced from hydrothermal carbonization.
Sandeep Kumar (2011)
Removal of lead from water using biochars prepared from hydrothermal liquefaction of biomass.
Zhengang Liu (2009)
Biochar lowers ammonia emission and improves nitrogen retention in poultry litter composting.
Eunice Agyarko-Mintah (2017)
Properties of gas and char from microwave pyrolysis of pine sawdust.
Xianhua Wang (2009)
Biochar as a sorbent for contaminant management in soil and water: a review.
Mahtab Ahmad (2014)
Microwave heating applications in environmental engineering -- a review
David Alexander Jones (2002)
An Experimental Investigation into the Ignition and Combustion Characteristics of Single Droplets of Biochar Slurry Fuels
Mingming Zhu (2015)
New approaches to measuring biochar density and porosity
Catherine E. Brewer (2014)
Chemical versus physical activation of coconut shell: A comparative study
Marcos J. Prauchner (2012)
Catalytic decomposition of toluene using a biomass derived catalyst
Sudhagar Mani (2013)
Cu(II) removal from aqueous solution by Spartina alterniflora derived biochar.
Mi Li (2013)
Global strategies and potentials to curb CO2 emissions in cement industry
Emad Benhelal (2013)
Biochar influences the microbial community structure during manure composting with agricultural wastes.
Keiji Jindo (2012)
Effect of pyrolysis temperature on the yield and properties of bio-oils obtained from the auger pyrolysis of Douglas Fir wood
Shi-Shen Liaw (2012)
Biochar based solid acid catalyst for biodiesel production
Amir Mehdi Dehkhoda (2010)