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Effects Of Triiodothyronine Administration On Dietary [14C]triolein Partitioning Between Deposition In Adipose Tissue And Oxidation To [14C]CO2 In Ad Libitum-fed Or Food-restricted Rats.

M. L. Cruz, D. Williamson
Published 1993 · Biology, Medicine

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Refeeding a chow meal containing [1-14C]triolein to food-restricted rats results in increased accumulation of [14C]lipid in carcass and epididymal adipose tissue and lower oxidation to [14C]CO2 compared to ad libitum-fed rats (Biochem. J. 285, 773-778, 1992). In the present experiments the effects of treatment with triiodothyronine (T3) for three days on lipid accumulation in refed food-restricted rats has been examined. T3 decreased accumulation of [14C]lipid in carcass and epididymal adipose tissue (32 and 77%, respectively) of food-restricted rats on refeeding the chow-[1-14C]triolein meal. This decreased accumulation of [14C]lipid was accompanied by increased [14C]CO2 production (77%) and decreased heparin-elutable lipoprotein lipase activity in the epididymal fat pad (90%) and subcutaneous adipose tissue (80%). Accumulation of [14C]lipid in the latter did not decrease significantly. In contrast, T3 treatment of ad libitum-fed rats increased [14C]lipid deposition in carcass (44%) and in subcutaneous adipose tissue (240%) on refeeding, when compared to untreated ad libitum rats. Lipoprotein lipase activity in the two adipose tissue depots of the refed ad libitum+T3 rats, however, decreased. Thus, the effects of T3 on [14C]lipid deposition are adipose-tissue-depot-specific and depend on the previous dietary intake (over 14 days) of the rat. T3-treatment increased the lipoprotein lipase activity released from perfused hearts to a similar extent in both food-restricted and ad libitum-fed rats compared to the corresponding untreated groups. The rates of lipogenesis in-vivo in liver, epididymal and subcutaneous adipose tissue of food-restricted rats refed chow were not altered by T3. It is concluded that the increased deposition of dietary lipid in the food-restricted rat can be partially reversed by treatment with T3, suggesting that the low-T3 state associated with this condition may be in part responsible.
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