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Myosin Isozyme Transitions Occurring During The Postnatal Development Of The Rat Soleus Muscle.
G. Butler-Browne, R. Whalen
Published 1984 · Biology, Medicine
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The myosin isozymes present in the developing rat soleus muscle from 1 week to 6 weeks after birth were investigated using biochemical and immunological methods. Electrophoresis of native myosin reveals that adult slow myosin is present in the soleus as early as 1 week after birth. At this time, embryonic and neonatal myosin can also be demonstrated. Using an immunotransfer technique, the presence of slow myosin heavy chain can be demonstrated at all time points examined whereas neonatal myosin heavy chain diminishes in quantity between 2 and 3 weeks, and is undetectable in the adult soleus. Specific polyclonal antibodies were prepared to embryonic, neonatal, and adult fast and slow myosins. Immunocytochemistry reveals a cellular heterogeneity at all stages examined. Different combinations of myosin isozymes can be found in the soleus fibers depending on the stage of development; these results suggest therefore that myosin isozyme transitions are occurring. Approximately half the fibers contain embryonic and slow myosin at 1 week after birth; these fibers subsequently contain only slow myosin. A second group of fibers contains embryonic and neonatal myosin at 1 week and most of them subsequently accumulate adult fast myosin. A portion of this latter group begins to acquire slow myosin from 4 weeks of age. These data are interpreted to suggest that a preprogrammed sequence of myosin isozymes is embryonic----neonatal----adult fast. At any time during development of an individual fiber, induction of slow myosin accumulation and repression of other types can occur.
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