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Effects Of Caloric Restriction On Lipid Metabolism In Man: Changes Of Tissue Lipoprotein Lipase Activities And Of Serum Lipoproteins.

M. R. Taskinen, E. Nikkilä
Published 1979 · Medicine

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Heparin-releasable lipoprotein lipase (LPL) activity was measured in biopsy samples of adipose tissue and skeletal muscle of 8 normal healthy females, first during an isocaloric diet and then after 2 and 7 days on a 400-kcal diet. In adipose tissue the LPL activity expressed per tissue weight fell to 38% and to 22% of the initial level after 2 and 7 days' caloric restriction, respectively. In skeletal muscle the LPL activity rose slightly after two days (+24%) but decreased to 49% of the initial value after seven days on diet. The estimated total body LPL activity decreased to 50% and to 20% of the baseline value after 2 and 7 days, respectively, but the relative contribution of skeletal muscle to the total LPL increased from 10 to 30%. The triglyceride and VLDL triglyceride concentrations were not significantly changed during the low calorie diet but the LDL triglyceride increased and the HDL cholesterol decreased significantly (P less than 0.01). It is concluded that substantial restriction of calorie intake results in a decrease of over-all triglyceride removal capacity but in an increase of the fraction removed by skeletal muscle. The decrease of HDL cholesterol is probably a consequence of the low turnover of exogenous and endogenous triglyceride-rich lipoproteins.
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