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The Development Of Performances In Autistic Children In An Automatically Controlled Environment.
Published 1961 · Computer Science, Medicine
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Abstract Performances of two autistic children were recorded in an experimental environment consisting of vending machines delivering food and candy, a trained pigeon, a phonograph, a color kaleidoscope, and a pinball machine. These devices were operated either by keys mounted on them or by coins. Coins were delivered on various schedules when the children operated another key. Performances could be sustained on the coin key for 90-minute experimental sessions to demonstrate the normal effect of two schedules of reinforcement, to develop the coin as a generalized reinforcer, and to control the children's performances by the presence or absence of stimuli correlated with reinforcement or nonreinforcement.