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Metal-on-metal Lubrication In Artificial Human Joints

P. Walker, M. J. Erkman
Published 1972 · Materials Science

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Abstract The lubrication properties of Vitallium sliding on Vitallium (a cobalt-chrome alloy), with respect to artificial human joints, were studied. Friction and wear depended upon the lubricant provided, synovial fluid itself providing the best lubrication. Many different samples of synovial fluid gave the same friction, despite their wide range of biochemical constituents. γ-Globulin, a high molecular weight protein, was shown to be the most important constituent for lubrication. The relevance of the findings in relation to the friction and wear in artificial hip and knee joints is discussed.
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