Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.
← Back to Search

The Governance Of Innovation: Vertical Integration And Collaborative Arrangements In The Biotechnology Industry☆

G. Pisano
Published 1991 · Economics

Cite This
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Abstract This paper analyzes and compares the various governance structures through which new biotechnologies have been developed and commercialized over the past decade and a half. These governance structures include (1) forward vertical integration by new biotechnology firms (NBFs) from RD (2) backward integration by established firms from downstream industries into biotechnology RD and (3) various forms of collaboration between NBFs and established firms involving R&D, technology transfer, production, and distribution. The institutional, technological, and organizational forces affecting the incidence of these governance structures over time are discussed and examined with data from several sources.
This paper references
International diffusion of technology : the case of semiconductors
J. Tilton (1971)
Supplier switching costs and vertical integration in the automobile industry
Kirk Monteverde (1982)
The relationship between intrafirm and contractual forms of industrial research in American manufacturing, 1900-1940
D. Mowery (1983)
Patterns of Strategic Choice in Emerging Firms: Positioning for Innovation in Biotechnology
W. Hamilton (1990)
Economics of Industrial Innovation
C. Freeman (1975)
The R&D Boundaries of the Firm: An Empirical Analysis
G. Pisano (1990)
Profiting from technological innovation: Implications for integration, collaboration, licensing and public policy
David J. Teece (1993)
The new biotechnology : European governments in search of a strategy
M. Sharp (1985)
The Emergence of Biotechnology: Institutions and Markets in Industrial Innovation
L. Orsenigo (1989)
Technical Change and Industrial Transformation
G. Dosi (1984)
The First $4 Billion is the Hardest
J. R. Murray (1986)
The Theory Of Economic Development
J. Schumpeter (1934)
Technological Discontinuities and Organizational Environments
M. Tushman (1986)
An Evolutionary Theory of Economic Richard R. Nelson; Sidney G. Winter
J. Barney (1987)
Biotechnology and the law
I. P. Cooper (1982)
Whether and When? Probability and Timing of Incumbents' Entry into Emerging Industrial Subfields
W. Mitchell (1989)
The semiconductor business: Franco Malerba, (Frances Pinter, London, 1985) pp. 264, [UK pound]18.50
G. Pisano (1986)
Surviving the Funding Gap
L. Rauch (1989)
The emergence of technology strategy
J. H. Friar (1985)
Innovation: Mapping the winds of creative destruction☆
W. Abernathy (1993)

This paper is referenced by
Project Teams as Means of Restructuring Research and Development in the Pharmaceutical Industry
C. Zeller (2002)
Kooperationen in der Biotechnologie
D. Knyphausen-Aufseß (2003)
Réinventer l’agence bancaire de demain
C. Rochette (2016)
Open Innovation in the Automotive Industry
S. Ili (2010)
Sustaining Competitiveness through Alliances and Innovation: The impact of Alliance Management Issues on learning skills and competencies from partner(s)
S. Raghunath (2007)
Where do alliances come from?: The effects of upper echelons on alliance formation
J. Kim (2007)
The Evaluation of Strategic Research Partnerships
Stephen Martin (2003)
Strategy Transformation Through Strategic Innovation Capability
Tomoatsu Shibata (2013)
Patent strategies of small Danish high-tech firms
L. Davis (2003)
Small entrepreneurial firms and large companies in inter-firm R&D networks - the international biotechnology industry
J. Hagedoorn (1993)
Modelo empresarial, gestão de inovação e investimentos de venture capital em empresas de biotecnologia no Brasil
Valéria M.M. Judice (2005)
Unternehmenskooperationen als Folge von Informations- und Kommunikations-technologieveränderungen: Eine theoretische Analyse
Markus Solf (2004)
The optimal organization of research: evidence from eight case studies of pharmaceutical firms
F. Tapon (1996)
Strategic R&D alliance factors that impact innovation success in the biotechnology industry
Kelly Y. Kim (2012)
Universities as Research Partners: Entrepreneurial Explorations and Exploitations
Albert N. Link (2010)
Research and Development (R&D) Alliances
Fabio Pammolli (2016)
Start-up Firm Licensing Strategies for Technology Commercialization Alliances
Simon D. Wakeman (2006)
Gulf carriers against the trend? A conceptual framework of motivations and downsides related to joining multi-partner alliances in the airline industry
Tobias von Werne (2016)
A study of the factors influencing knowledge management within inter-organizational projects
H. Li (2008)
O papel das redes de transformação no processo de inovação: estudos de caso sobre a descoberta e a comercialização da inovação
M. C. Vitoreli (2012)
Release external expertise in collaborative innovation
J. D. Vries (2017)
The role of open innovation in the industry convergence between foods and pharmaceuticals
Stefanie Broering (2013)
Incumbent Participation in Open Innovation: Supporting or Suppressing SME Performance?
Anders Ørding Olsen (2014)
Property rights theory and ownership of firm-specific advantages: the implications of contracting and licensing within the multinational firm
Catherine Magelssen (2014)
A Tribute to Oliver Williamson: Williamson's Impact on the Theory and Practice of Management
David J. Teece (2010)
Etude des aspects stratégiques du processus de formation d'accords de collaboration chez les grands constructeurs informatiques
Olivier Mortehan (2003)
Biotechnologies et industrie pharmaceutique. Un modèle évolutionnaire conforme à l'histoire
F. Malerba (2006)
Vertical Linkages and Innovation
G. Atallah (2006)
Governing the Entrepreneurial Discovery of Blockchain Applications
D. Allen (2019)
Systems of Innovation, Spatial Knowledge Links and the Firm's Innovation Performance: Towards a National–Global Complementarity View
Yuan-Chieh Chang (2009)
Integration model of technology internalization modes and learning strategy: globally late starter Samsung's successful practices in South Korea
Y. Gil (2003)
Innovating routines in the business firm: what matters, what’s staying the same, and what’s changing?
K. Pavitt (2003)
See more
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar