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Occurrence And Significance Of Long-chain (ω-1)-hydroxy Fatty Acids In Methane-utilizing Bacteria

J. Skerratt, P. Nichols, J. Bowman, L. Sly
Published 1992 · Biology

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Abstract The cell residue derived (H+-labile lipid) hydroxy fatty acid composition of 16 strains of methane-utilizing (methanotrophic) bacteria have been analysed as part of a larger program which is investigating the taxonomy and potential uses of these bacteria. The hydroxy fatty acid compositions were determined by GC and GC-MS. Of the 16 strains, 5 strains including Methylosinus sporium UQM3306, Methylocystis parvus UQM3309 and Methylocystis minimus UQM3497 were found to contain long-chain (C26, C28 and C30) (ω-1)-hydroxy fatty acids. The total concentration of (ω-1)-hydroxy fatty acids varied between 65 and 500 ng/g. Although only a limited number of species have been analysed to date, a number of differences were apparent when comparing the (ω-1)-hydroxy acid profiles. The type II methanotrophic bacteria generally contained higher relative concentrations of the (ω-1)-hydroxy acids than found in the type I methanotrophs. These differences may prove to be useful in taxonomic, environmental and organic geochemical investigations.
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