← Back to Search
Executive Dysfunction In Depression: The Wisconsin Card Sorting Test.
Published 1996 · Psychology, Medicine
Save to my Library
Download via 🐼 PaperPanda Download via oaDOI Download via OAB Download via LibKey Download via Google Google ScholarAnalyze on Scholarcy Visualize in Litmaps
Reduce the time it takes to create your bibliography by a factor of 10 by using the world’s favourite reference manager
Time to take this seriously.
This study compared dysphoric undergraduates with controls on the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test. The task is to match a series of cards to key cards varying in colour, shape and number, according to correct/wrong feedback. The groups differed in the efficiency with which they were able to use feedback to match cards appropriately, and shift between the different sorting categories. The dysphoric subjects were poorer in the matching task, and also showed slight impairment in describing the sorting categories accurately in a post-task interview. The implications of the findings for our understanding of depression are discussed.
This paper references
A behavioral analysis of degree of reinforcement and ease of shifting to new responses in a Weigl-type card-sorting problem.
D. A. Grant (1948)
VALIDATION OF AN INVENTORY FOR MEASURING DEPRESSION.
M. Metcalfe (1965)
The effect of type and area of brain lesion on Wisconsin card sorting test performance.
E. A. Drewe (1974)
Cognitive Therapy and the Emotional Disorders
A. Beck (1975)
Automatic and effortful processes in memory.
L. Hasher (1979)
Thinking Disorder in Depression: Logic and Strategy in an Abstract Reasoning Task
E. Silberman (1983)
Some cognitive correlates of affective disorders.
G. Robertson (1985)
Retrieval from semantic memory using meaningful and meaningless constructs by depressed, stable bipolar and manic patients.
A. Calev (1989)
Remembering with and without awareness in a depressed mood: evidence of deficits in initiative.
P. Hertel (1990)
Disappearance of memory deficits in outpatient depressives responding to imipramine.
E. Peselow (1991)
The Wisconsin Card Sorting Test: theoretical analysis and modeling in a neuronal network.
S. Dehaene (1991)
The anatomy of melancholia--focal abnormalities of cerebral blood flow in major depression.
C. Bench (1992)
Cognitive function in major depression.
M. Austin (1992)
Regional cerebral blood flow abnormalities in depressed patients with cognitive impairment.
R. Dolan (1992)
Wisconsin Card Sorting Test manual
R. Heaton (1993)
Symptoms of depression
C. Costello (1993)
Automatic and effortful processing in depression.
S. Hartlage (1993)
Depression and category learning
J. D. Smith (1993)
Working memory in clinical depression: an experimental study.
S. Channon (1993)
Analogue versus clinical depression: a critical reappraisal.
K. Vredenburg (1993)
Reasoning strategies in depression: effects of depressed mood on a syllogism task
S. Channon (1994)
Depressive deficits in word identification and recall
P. Hertel (1994)
Time course of prefrontal lobe dysfunction in severely depressed in-patients: a longitudinal neuropsychological study.
C. Trichard (1995)
Reasoning in depression: Impairment on a concept discrimination learning task
J. Baker (1995)
Depression and Problem-Solving Performance on a Fault-Diagnosis Task
S. Channon (1996)
This paper is referenced by
Considerations for using the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test to assess cognitive flexibility.
S. Miles (2021)
A Query Conundrum: The Mental Challenges of Using a Cognitive Assistant
Torsten Maier (2021)
A Preliminary Study of Adjunctive Nonconvulsive Electrotherapy for Treatment-Refractory Depression
Weie Zheng (2020)
Latent Structure of the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test in Psychiatrically Hospitalized Youth
Jane Studeny (2018)
A meta-analysis of the effects of antidepressants on cognitive functioning in depressed and non-depressed samples
C. E. Prado (2018)
Neurocognitive Functioning in Depressed Young People: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
J. Goodall (2018)
Impaired Working Memory Updating for Emotional Stimuli in Depressed Patients
Dandan Zhang (2018)
Examining the Effects of Frustration on Working Memory Capacity in an Emerging Adult Sample
J. P. Fillauer (2017)
Improving executive function using transcranial infrared laser stimulation
Nathaniel J Blanco (2017)
Out-of-the-Blue: Depressive Symptoms are Associated with Deficits in Processing Inferential Expectancy-Violations Using a Novel Cognitive Rigidity Task
Paul Liknaitzky (2017)
Mechanisms by which exercise promotes cognitive function in both depressed and non-depressed individuals
Joanne Gourgouvelis (2017)
Adult hippocampal neurogenesis and cognitive flexibility — linking memory and mood
Christoph Anacker (2017)
Does Rumination Cause “Inhibitory” Deficits?
Henrietta Roberts (2017)
Control of behavioral flexibility by the lateral habenula
P. M. Baker (2017)
DEPRESSIVE SYMPTOMS ASSOCIATED WITH INFERENTIAL RIGIDITY
Paul Liknaitzky (2017)
Are Executive Functioning Deficits Concurrently and Predictively Associated with Depressive and Anxiety Symptoms in Adolescents?
G. Han (2016)
Cognitive and emotional control in college drinkers and the relationship to comorbid disorders
B. Banz (2016)
Cerebrale Perfusion bei Patienten mit einer depressiven Störung: eine "Continuous Arterial Spin Labeling" Studie
Anna von Strombeck (2016)
The Role of Executive Functioning in Adolescent Rumination and Depression
Kelsey S. Dickson (2016)
Prefrontal-based cognitive processing and exploratory behavior
Nathaniel J Blanco (2016)
Clinical, Functional, and Biological Correlates of Cognitive Dimensions in Major Depressive Disorder – Rationale, Design, and Characteristics of the Cognitive Function and Mood Study (CoFaM-Study)
B. Baune (2016)
Effects of defeat stress on behavioral flexibility in males and females: modulation by the mu‐opioid receptor
S. Laredo (2015)
Cognitive disruptions in stress-related psychiatric disorders: A role for corticotropin releasing factor (CRF)
D. Bangasser (2015)
Examining Cognitive Impairments in Bereaved Adults With and Without Complicated Grief
Donald J. Robinaugh (2015)
The blue brain : hemispheric asymmetry in depression as an explanation for working memory impairment : a thesis presented in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Psychology at Massey University, Manawatu, New Zealand
K. Campbell (2015)
THE IMPACT OF LATE‐LIFE ANXIETY AND DEPRESSION ON COGNITIVE FLEXIBILITY AND COGNITIVE RESTRUCTURING SKILL ACQUISITION
C. Johnco (2015)
The Influence of Body Dissatisfaction on Set Shifting Ability
Megan B. Harney (2014)
THE IOWA GAMBLING TASK: A STUDY OF CONVERGENT AND DIVERGENT VALIDITY AND PERFORMANCE IN TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY AND PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS
Heather Tropiano (2014)
A Review of the Use of Executive Function Tasks in Externalizing and Internalizing Disorders
L. Weyandt (2014)
Evidence of Executive Dysfunction in Co-occurring Substance Use Disorder and Major Depressive Disorder or Antisocial Personality Disorder
L. Moody (2014)
Blue and forgetting what I should do: an investigation into the attentional mechanisms underlying depressed mood and impaired prospective memory
Y. Li (2014)
Brain and Body Percussion: The relationship between motor and cognitive functions
Riikka Ahokas (2014)See more