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The Sites Of Origin And Termination Of Afferent And Efferent Components In The Lingual And Pharyngeal Branches Of The Glossopharyngeal Nerve In The Japanese Monkey (Macaca Fuscata)

T. Satoda, O. Takahashi, C. Murakami, T. Uchida, N. Mizuno
Published 1996 · Biology, Medicine

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Afferent and efferent components in the lingual and pharyngeal branches of the glossopharyngeal nerve (Li and Ph) of the Japanese monkey (Macaca fuscata) were examined. After injecting wheat germ agglutinin-conjugated horseradish peroxidase (WGA-HRP) unilaterally into the central cut end of the Li and Ph, or into the stylopharyngeal muscle, labeled neuronal cell bodies and terminal labeling were observed in the medulla oblongata, peripheral ganglia of the glossopharyngeal and vagus nerves, and cervical ganglia of the sympathetic trunk. The following conclusions were deduced from the results. The Li contains efferent fibers from the inferior salivatory nucleus, and superior cervical ganglion. The afferent fibers in the Li are composed mainly of peripheral processes of ganglion neurons in the superior and petrous ganglia of the glossopharyngeal nerve, and additionally of those of ganglion neurons in the jugular ganglion of the vagus nerve. The afferent fibers in the Li terminate mainly in the lateral division of the nucleus of the solitary tract, and additionally in the dorsal aspect of the lateral marginal region of the interpolar spinal trigeminal nucleus. The Ph is mainly composed of efferent fibers from the ambiguous nucleus and superior cervical ganglion; only a small number of afferent fibers from the sensory ganglia of the glossopharyngeal and vagus nerves are contained in the Ph. Stylopharyngeal motoneurons are distributed in the retrofacial part of the ambiguous nucleus.
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