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Electrically-conductive Fibers Of Polyaniline Spun From Solutions In Concentrated Sulfuric Acid

A. Andreatta, Yong Cao, J. Chiang, A. Heeger, Paul S. Smith
Published 1988 · Chemistry

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Abstract The preparation of solutions of polyaniline in concentrated sulfuric acid is described. The solutions were characterized by viscosity measurements and by ultraviolet(u.v)-visible spectroscopy. Polyaniline was successfully processed into monofilaments and films from these solutions. In contrast to previous reports, polyaniline derived from sulfuric acid displays sharp X-ray reflections, indicative of a significant degree of crystallinity. The electrical conductivity of as-spun, washed and dried fibers was in the range 20 – 60 S/cm.
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