Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.
← Back to Search

Medium-term Impact Of Tillage And Residue Management On Soil Aggregate Stability, Soil Carbon And Crop Productivity

B. Paul, B. Vanlauwe, F. Ayuke, A. Gassner, M. Hoogmoed, Tunsisa T. Hurisso, S. Koala, D. Lelei, T. Ndabamenye, J. Six, M. Pulleman
Published 2013 · Biology

Cite This
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Share
Conservation agriculture is widely promoted for soil conservation and crop productivity increase, although rigorous empirical evidence from sub-Saharan Africa is still limited. This study aimed to quantify the medium-term impact of tillage (conventional and reduced) and crop residue management (retention and removal) on soil and crop performance in a maize–soybean rotation. A replicated field trial was started in sub-humid Western Kenya in 2003, and measurements were taken from 2005 to 2008. Conventional tillage negatively affected soil aggregate stability when compared to reduced tillage, as indicated by lower mean weight diameter values upon wet sieving at 0–15 cm (PT < 0.001). This suggests increased susceptibility to slaking and soil erosion. Tillage and residue management alone did not affect soil C contents after 11 cropping seasons, but when residue was incorporated by tillage, soil C was higher at 15–30 cm (PT*R = 0.037). Lack of treatment effects on the C content of different aggregate fractions indicated that reduced tillage and/or residue retention did not increase physical C protection. The weak residue effect on aggregate stability and soil C may be attributed to insufficient residue retention. Soybean grain yields tended to be suppressed under reduced tillage without residue retention, especially in wet seasons (PT*R = 0.070). Consequently, future research should establish, for different climatic zones and soil types, the critical minimum residue retention levels for soil conservation and crop productivity.
This paper references
10.2136/sssaspecpub29.c9
Impact of soil fauna on the properties of soils in the humid Tropics
P. Lavelle (1992)
10.1007/978-3-662-03649-5_2
World Reference Base for Soil Resources
J. Deckers (1998)
10.1080/07352680902776358
Conservation Agriculture and Soil Carbon Sequestration: Between Myth and Farmer Reality
B. Govaerts (2009)
10.1016/J.AGSY.2005.08.011
Soil organic carbon dynamics, functions and management in West African agro-ecosystems
A. Bationo (2007)
10.1016/J.AGEE.2010.11.021
Agricultural management affects earthworm and termite diversity across humid to semi-arid tropical zones
F. O. Ayuke (2011)
10.2136/SSSAJ1999.6351350X
Aggregate and Soil Organic Matter Dynamics under Conventional and No-Tillage Systems
J. Six (1999)
10.1016/J.STILL.2007.02.007
Soil carbon and nitrogen accumulation with long-term no-till versus moldboard plowing overestimated with tilled-zone sampling depths
A. Gál (2007)
10.1016/J.STILL.2008.09.013
Conservation farming strategies in East and Southern Africa: yields and rain water productivity from on-farm action research.
Johan Rockström (2009)
10.1016/J.AGEE.2010.08.006
Can no-tillage stimulate carbon sequestration in agricultural soils? A meta-analysis of paired experiments
Z. Luo (2010)
10.1111/J.1475-2743.2007.00137.X
Sustainable agricultural development in sub-Saharan Africa: the case for a paradigm shift in land husbandry
J. Gowing (2008)
10.1016/0016-7061(92)90047-B
World map of the status of human-induced soil degradation: L.R. Oldeman, R.T.A. Hakkeling and W.G. Sombroek, Published by the International Soil Reference and Information Centre (ISRIC) and funded by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). 1990. Price US$25.- (unfolded US$20.-)
A. J. Thomasson (1992)
10.1016/S0167-8809(00)00267-X
Organic inputs for soil fertility management in tropical agroecosystems: Application of an organic resource database
C. Palm (2001)
Adapting no-tillage agriculture to the conditions of smallholder maize and wheat farmers in the tropics and sub-tropics
O. Erenstein (2006)
10.1017/S0021859607006892
Conservation agriculture : what is it and why is it important for future sustainable food production?
P. Hobbs (2007)
10.1016/S0167-1987(03)00161-2
Effects of soil management practices and tillage systems on surface soil water conservation and crust formation on a sandy loam in semi-arid Kenya
P. Gicheru (2004)
10.2136/SSSAJ2000.642681X
Soil structure and organic matter: I. Distribution of aggregate-size classes and aggregate-associated carbon.
J. Six (2000)
10.1016/J.FCR.2011.03.002
Tillage and vegetative barrier effects on soil conservation and short-term economic benefits in the Central Kenya highlands
S. Guto (2011)
10.1016/J.SOILBIO.2010.12.002
Organic resource quality influences short-term aggregate dynamics and soil organic carbon and nitrogen accumulation
P. Chivenge (2011)
10.1016/S0378-5955(02)00294-0
An explanatory note
P. Guth (2002)
10.2136/SSSAJ1986.03615995005000030017X
Aggregate structure and carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus in native and cultivated soils
E. Elliott (1986)
10.1016/J.STILL.2006.08.006
Long-term impact of reduced tillage and residue management on soil carbon stabilization: Implications for conservation agriculture on contrasting soils
P. Chivenge (2007)
10.1016/J.FCR.2009.06.017
Conservation agriculture and smallholder farming in Africa: The heretics' view
K. E. Giller (2009)
Reference Base for Soil Resources
J. Deckers (2002)
10.25165/IJABE.V3I1.223
Current status of adoption of no-till farming in the world and some of its main benefits.
R. Derpsch (2010)
10.1300/J411v19n01_07
Tailoring Conservation Agriculture to the Needs of Small Farmers in Developing Countries
P. Wall (2007)
10.1071/SR04137
Decomposition of 13C and 15N labelled plant residue materials in two different soil types and its impact on soil carbon, nitrogen, aggregate stability, and aggregate formation
N. Blair (2005)
10.1016/J.STILL.2007.02.002
Constraints to adopting no-till farming in developing countries
R. Lal (2007)
10.1007/s10705-008-9210-2
Effects of conservation tillage, crop residue and cropping systems on changes in soil organic matter and maize–legume production: a case study in Teso District
H. Anyanzwa (2008)
10.1016/J.GEODERMA.2003.09.009
Physical protection of mineralizable C in aggregates from long-term pasture and arable soil
M. Pulleman (2004)
10.1016/J.FCR.2011.09.008
Comparative performance of conservation agriculture and current smallholder farming practices in semi-arid Zimbabwe
F. Baudron (2012)
10.1111/J.1365-2389.1982.TB01755.X
Organic matter and water‐stable aggregates in soils
J. Tisdall (1982)
10.1016/S0167-1987(02)00020-X
Stratification of soil aggregation and organic matter under conservation tillage systems in Africa
R. M’rabet (2002)
10.1016/J.FCR.2004.11.003
Stable high yields with zero tillage and permanent bed planting
B. Govaerts (2005)
10.1016/J.SOILBIO.2008.09.015
The effects of organic inputs over time on soil aggregate stability – a literature analysis
S. Abiven (2009)
10.1016/J.FOODPOL.2010.12.001
Sequestering carbon in soils of agro-ecosystems
R. Lal (2011)
10.1016/J.SOILBIO.2004.07.035
Protection of soil carbon by microaggregates within earthworm casts
H. Bossuyt (2005)
10.1016/J.STILL.2004.03.008
A history of research on the link between (micro)aggregates, soil biota, and soil organic matter dynamics
J. Six (2004)
10.1017/S001447971000030X
Rotation in conservation agriculture systems of Zambia: effects on soil quality and water relations.
C. Thierfelder (2010)
10.1016/J.FCR.2011.04.010
A research agenda to explore the role of conservation agriculture in African smallholder farming systems
K. Giller (2011)
10.1016/S0016-7061(97)00007-4
An assessment of the soil resources of Africa in relation to productivity
J. Eswaran (1997)
10.2136/SSSASPECPUB51.C1
Soil Fertility Replenishment in Africa: An Investment in Natural Resource Capital
P. Sanchez (2015)
10.3763/ijas.2009.0477
The spread of Conservation Agriculture: justification, sustainability and uptake
A. Kassam (2009)
10.1111/J.1365-2389.1996.TB01843.X
Aggregate stability and assessment of soil crustability and erodibility: I. Theory and methodology
Y. Bissonnais (1996)
10.1007/s10705-011-9423-7
Conservation tillage, local organic resources and nitrogen fertilizer combinations affect maize productivity, soil structure and nutrient balances in semi-arid Kenya
J. Kihara (2011)
10.1016/J.APSOIL.2011.02.001
Soil fertility management: Impacts on soil macrofauna, soil aggregation and soil organic matter allocation.
F. Ayuke (2011)
10.1016/S0341-8162(01)00180-1
Aggregate stability as an indicator of soil susceptibility to runoff and erosion; validation at several levels
B. Barthés (2002)
10.1079/9780851995762.0000
Integrated Plant Nutrient Management in Sub-Saharan Africa: From Concept to Practice
B. Vanlauwe (2002)
World map of the status of human-induced soil degradation: an explanatory note.
L. R. Oldeman (1990)
10.1016/S0929-1393(01)00125-1
Comparative distribution of organic matter in particle and aggregate size fractions in the mounds of termites with different feeding habits in Senegal : Cubitermes niokoloensis and Macrotermes bellicosus
S. Fall (2001)
10.1007/BF00260581
Distribution of termite (Isoptera) species in southwestern Kenya in relation to land use and the morphology of their galleries
C. Kooyman (2004)
10.1111/J.1365-2389.2004.00682.X
Clay mineralogy determines the importance of biological versus abiotic processes for macroaggregate formation and stabilization
K. Denef (2005)
10.1071/SR9910815
Aggregate hierarchy in soils
J. Oades (1991)



This paper is referenced by
10.1071/SR15074
Impact of reduced tillage and crop residue management on soil properties and crop yields in a long-term trial in western Kenya
J. M. Okeyo (2016)
Working Paper February 2018 WP 09 AGRICULTURAL COMMERCIALISATION PATHWAYS CLIMATE CHANGE AND AGRICULTURE
A. Newsham (2018)
Strategic Soil Management for Rainfed Agriculture in West Africa
Lauren Kyla R. Pitts (2015)
10.1016/j.catena.2019.104408
Predicting soil aggregate stability using readily available soil properties and machine learning techniques
Javier Iglesias Rivera (2020)
10.1007/978-981-13-9628-1_11
Conservation Agriculture and C Sequestration in Tropical Regions
Uttam Kumar Mandal (2020)
10.1111/1477-8947.12123
Conservation agriculture and sustainable development in Africa: insights from Tanzania
Andreas Scheba (2017)
10.1007/s40003-020-00456-5
Influence of Sea Water Ingression on Carbon Sequestration in Soils Under Coastal Agro-ecosystems of Eastern India
Shovik Deb (2020)
Conservation Agriculture Effects on Soil Greenhouse 2 Gas Fluxes : An Overview 3 4
H. Alikhani (2018)
10.1016/j.agsy.2019.102719
Legacy effects of contrasting organic grain cropping systems on soil health indicators, soil invertebrates, weeds, and crop yield
Ashley B. Jernigan (2020)
Sustainable Intensification for Food Security and Climate Change Adaptation in Tanzania
Patrick Bell (2016)
10.5194/SOIL-5-15-2019
Global meta-analysis of the relationship between soil organic matter and crop yields
Emily E. Oldfield (2019)
10.1017/wet.2019.32
Using energy requirements to compare the suitability of alternative methods for broadcast and site-specific weed control
Guy R. Y. Coleman (2019)
10.1016/J.APSOIL.2015.10.014
The adoption of no-till instead of reduced tillage does not improve some soil quality parameters in Argentinean Pampas
Anahí Domínguez (2016)
10.1016/J.STILL.2018.03.005
Tillage and cropping sequence effect on physico-chemical and biological properties of soil in Eastern Himalayas, India
A. Das (2018)
Simple soil quality tests and organic management practices for orchards in the Intermountain West
Esther Thomsen (2016)
10.1016/j.jenvman.2020.110549
Dynamics in soil organic carbon of wheat-maize dominant cropping system in the North China Plain under tillage and residue management.
Xin Zhao (2020)
10.2489/jswc.74.1.59
Distribution of soil organic carbon within aggregate size fractions following the conversion of cropland to black locust forest on the southern Loess Plateau, China
B. Q. Li (2019)
10.1016/J.GEODERMA.2018.11.033
Soil aggregate size and long-term fertilization effects on the function and community of ammonia oxidizers
P. Li (2019)
10.1016/J.STILL.2018.02.007
Improvement of soil structure through organic crop management, conservation tillage and grass-clover ley
Viviana Loaiza Puerta (2018)
10.1007/978-981-13-9628-1
Carbon Management in Tropical and Sub-Tropical Terrestrial Systems
P. Ghosh (2020)
10.1007/978-3-319-11620-4_2
Crop Rotations and Residue Management in Conservation Agriculture
L. Rusinamhodzi (2015)
10.1007/s10705-014-9649-2
Crop residue disappearance and macrofauna activity in sub-humid western Kenya
Job Kihara (2014)
Exploring mechanisms to restore fertility of degraded lixisols for enhanced crop productivity under Smallholder Farmer Management Systems
H. Nezomba (2016)
10.1016/J.CATENA.2018.12.037
Comparative carbon stability in surface soils and subsoils under submerged rice and upland non-rice crop ecologies: A physical fractionation study
Shovik Deb (2019)
10.1016/j.plantsci.2019.110240
Primed acclimation: A physiological process offers a strategy for more resilient and irrigation-efficient crop production.
C. Vincent (2020)
10.1007/s12665-020-08948-x
Physical attributes and organic carbon in soils under natural and anthropogenic environments in the South Amazon region
José Cezar Frozzi (2020)
10.1007/s11104-014-2305-4
Short-term influence of compost application on maize yield, soil macrofauna diversity and abundance in nutrient deficient soils of Kakamega County, Kenya
S. K. Mbau (2014)
Soil organic matter and carbon sequestration
Alan Richardson (2019)
10.1016/J.STILL.2019.104334
The effects of various tillage treatments on soil physical properties, earthworm abundance and crop yield in Hungary
Igor Dekemati (2019)
10.5194/SOIL-1-491-2015
Integrated soil fertility management in sub-Saharan Africa: unravelling local adaptation
B. Vanlauwe (2014)
Conservation Agriculture: Its effects on crop and soil in rice-based cropping systems in Bangladesh
M. A. Islam (2016)
10.1080/00103624.2017.1408819
The Potential of Green Manure Mixtures to Provide Nutrients to a Subsequent Lettuce Crop
Omid Reza Zandvakili (2017)
See more
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar