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Crop Residue Management And Soil Health: A Systems Analysis

M. Turmel, Alicia B. Speratti, F. Baudron, N. Verhulst, B. Govaerts
Published 2015 · Economics

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Due to the scarcity of alternative organic amendments, the retention of crop residue in fields can be considered key in promoting physical, chemical, and biological attributes of soil health in agricultural systems of developing countries. However, due to multiple other uses, small landholders in these countries are faced with trade-offs in managing crop residues. This article reviews crop residue management practices, mainly surface retention, incorporation or removal, describing their advantages and limitations in cereal-based agroecosystems in developing countries. The benefits of residue retention are regionally variable and depend on both agroclimatic and socioeconomic factors. Most studies from developing countries in Asia, Latin America, and Africa show positive effects of retaining crop residues on soil quality, soil organic matter and carbon storage, soil moisture retention, enhanced nutrient cycling, and decreased soil loss, among other environmental and soil health benefits. Variation was observed in the effect of surface retention vs. incorporation on various soil properties indicating the importance of taking into account abiotic factors such as climate, soil texture, study duration, sampling methods, and agronomic practices when assessing the impact of these practices. Negative effects of residue retention on crop performance attributed to nitrogen immobilization, waterlogging and decreased soil temperature have also been reported in some environments. Residue trade-offs in mixed crop-livestock systems in developing countries can limit the amount of residue retained. However, interventions such as intensification, partial retention, improved return of nutrients from manures, and the provision of substitutes to the current functions of livestock (e.g. mechanization, insurance) could reduce these residue trade-offs in favour of promoting long-term soil health.
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10.1088/1748-9326/ab6393
Impacts of tillage practices on soil carbon stocks in the US corn-soybean cropping system during 1998 to 2016
Zhen Yu (2020)
10.1007/s10333-018-0641-3
Crop establishment with conservation tillage and crop residue retention in rice-based cropping systems of Eastern India: yield advantage and economic benefit
R. Nandan (2018)
10.3390/agronomy10030324
Straw Incorporation Management Affects Maize Grain Yield through Regulating Nitrogen Uptake, Water Use Efficiency, and Root Distribution
P. Sui (2020)
10.1016/J.APSOIL.2019.03.008
Resilience of soil functions to transient and persistent stresses is improved more by residue incorporation than the activity of earthworms
Xin Shu (2019)
10.1016/j.still.2020.104656
The impacts of ditch-buried straw layers on the interface soil physicochemical and microbial properties in a rice-wheat rotation system
Haishui Yang (2020)
10.36959/973/417
Tillage and Coated-Urea Effects on Nitrous Oxide Emissions from Direct-Seeded, Delayed-Flood Rice Production in Arkansas
Rector Casey (2018)
10.1007/s40093-019-00294-8
Improvement of nitrogen uptake and dry matter content of Swiss chard by pre-incubation of duckweeds in soil
T. J. Chikuvire (2019)
10.1016/J.AGEE.2016.03.029
Temporal differentiation of soil communities in response to arable crop management strategies
Valérie Coudrain (2016)
10.1016/J.AGEE.2016.02.027
Effects of different straw returning modes on greenhouse gas emissions and crop yields in a rice–wheat rotation system
N. Hu (2016)
10.1002/LDR.2702
Controllability of Phosphorus Losses in Surface Runoff from Sloping Farmland Treated by Agricultural Practices
Qingwen Zhang (2017)
10.3390/SU11030748
The Responses of Soil N2O Emissions to Residue Returning Systems: A Meta-Analysis
N. Hu (2019)
10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.02.230
Discrepant responses of methane emissions to additions with different organic compound classes of rice straw in paddy soil.
Wenbing Tan (2018)
Conservation agriculture in Gimbi, Ethiopia. Benefits and barriers to adoption.
Mari Gjengedal (2016)
Crop residue decomposition and stabilization in soil organic matter
M. Shahbaz (2017)
10.29312/remexca.v8i1.74
Competencia del uso del rastrojo de maíz en sistemas agropecuarios mixtos en Chiapas
Juan Carlos Lic. Co-ASESOR Caballero Salinas (2017)
10.1016/j.fcr.2019.107623
Crop response to soil management practices is driven by interactions among practices, crop species and soil type
M.-E. Samson (2019)
10.5772/INTECHOPEN.77993
Physical Properties of Soils Affected by the Use of Agricultural Waste
M. B. Almendro-Candel (2018)
Ecological benefits of brachiaria grasses in integrated crop-livestock production systems in Rwanda.
Mutimura. Mupenzi (2016)
10.1016/J.STILL.2018.12.024
Soil health card development for efficient soil management in Haryana, India
T. J. Purakayastha (2019)
10.1016/J.CATENA.2015.08.008
Short-term responses of soil organic carbon and carbon pool management index to different annual straw return rates in a rice–wheat cropping system
L. Zhu (2015)
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