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The Effect Of 30 Minutes Of Passive Stretch Of The Rat Soleus Muscle On The Myogenic Differentiation, Myostatin, And Atrogin-1 Gene Expressions.

A. R. Gomes, A. G. Soares, S. Peviani, R. B. Nascimento, A. Moriscot, T. Salvini
Published 2006 · Biology, Medicine

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UNLABELLED The effect of 30 minutes of passive stretch of the rat soleus muscle on the myogenic differentiation, myostatin, and atrogin-1 gene expressions. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effect of passive stretch, applied for 30 minutes to the rat soleus muscle, on the myogenic differentiation (myoD), myostatin, and atrogin-1 gene expressions. DESIGN Case-controlled study. SETTING University laboratory. ANIMALS Fifty 12-week-old male Wistar rats. INTERVENTIONS Six groups of animals were given a single stretch bout and were evaluated immediately and 8, 24, 48, 72, and 168 hours later. Another 3 groups were evaluated immediately after 2, 3, and 7 stretches. An intact control group was also analyzed. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES The messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) levels of myoD, myostatin, and atrogin-1 were assessed by real-time polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS Twenty-four hours after a single session of stretch only, the myoD mRNA levels had increased compared with the control group, whereas an increase in the atrogin-1 expression was observed after 2, 3, and 7 stretches. CONCLUSIONS A single session of passive stretch increased the myoD gene expression, a factor related to muscle growth. Interestingly, daily stretches increased the atrogin-1 gene expression, a gene primarily associated with muscle atrophy. The results indicated that gene expression was responsive to the number of stretch sessions.
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