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Core-shell Structure And Magnetic Properties Of Magnetite Magnetic Fluids Stabilized With Dextran

X. Xu, Huiyong Shen, J. Xu, J. Xu, Xinjun Li, Xm Xiong
Published 2005 · Chemistry

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Abstract The adsorption process of different dextran molecules onto the surface of in water dispersed magnetite nanoparticles has been investigated to optimize the preparation of magnetite magnetic fluids (MMFs). An average magnetite core size of 7.1 nm was found by X-ray diffraction and that of 8 nm was found by transmission electron microscopy for the samples prepared at 90 °C. An average hydrodynamic diameter of 25 nm was observed by scanning electron microscopy and that of 25–300 nm was obtained by photon correlation spectroscopy. The dextran was adsorbed by physical adsorption, a molecular weight of 20 kDa gave the best stability of these MMFs. The shell layer of the particles was weakly negatively charged in buffer solutions of pH values between 5.5 and 9.5. The particles seem to be mainly stabilized by sterical repulsion. The maximum available saturation magnetization of the MMFs was 3.5 kA/m.
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